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THE 



DEDHAM 



HISTORICAL REGISTER 



VOLUME VII 



1896. 




DEDHAM, MASS. 
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY. 

1896. 



Dedhara Transcript Press. 



67S956 



CONTENTS. 



WIDOW MARY DRAPER Erastus WoTtMngton. 1 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM CavloS Slafter. 7, 48, 106 

THE SKELTON FAMILY, OF WOBURN, DEDHAM, BILLERICA, 

ETC, 1629-1800 Howard Bedwood Guild. 10 

DEDHAM MAIL COACHES G. W. Emst. 14 

MOSES AND AARON LEWIS George II. Lewis, 16 

DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION Joseph H. Latlwop. 19, 65, 111 

WRENTHAM BIRTHS, 1711-1714 26 

DEDHAM BRANCH OF THE MANN FAMILY, 

Mrs. Anna M. Fickford. 28, 60, 140 
DIARY OF DR. NATHANIEL AMES. Edna F. Calder. 33, 77, 115, 145 

THE WILL OF ESTHER HUNTING JoM E. Alden. 34 

THE FISHER FAMILY FMUp Adsit Fisher. 38, 76, 117, 154 

LABAN LEWIS Uarll A. Lewis. 39 

DEDHAM MARRIAGES, 1844-1890 40 

THE AVERY SCHOOL, NAMED IN HONOR OF DR. WILLIAM u 

AVERY 41 

CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD Mrs. George F. Fisher. 43 

REVELATION OF GENEALOGY, THE PARTRIDGE FAMILY, 

Lyman Partridge. 51, 100, 148 

CARRIAGES BEFORE 1776 C W. Emst. 57 

BIRTHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON) William B. Mann. 70, 119, 152 

THE WILL OF ELDER JOHN HUNTTING 72 

DEDHAM HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Annual Report, 1896, 79 

HANNAH ADAMS Mrs. Olive M. Tilden. 83 

REMINISCENCES OF THE OLD DRAPER HOUSE Dora Biley. 109 

POWDER HORN OF CAPTAIN LEWIS COLBURN. .Edna F. Calder. 122 

WILLIAM PITT, THE PATRON OF THE AMERICAN COLONIES, 

Carlos ISlafter. 123 



CONTENTS. 

THE AAKON S31ITII PUZZLE, George K. Clarice. 136 

THE HOMESTEAD OF THOMAS WIGHT 14t 

SOME RECENT DEATHS 156 

QUERIES. 

1. Priscilla Clarke, Daniel Pond 40 

2. Elizabeth Wheaton 40 

o. Farrington, Price, Aldridge, Ayer or Ager 82 

4. Joel Metcalf— Lucy Gay 122 

5. Thomas — Edwards — Metcalf 156 

REPLY. 

Metcalf Family 156 

INDEX 157 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



OLD DRAPER HOUSE, WEST ROXBURY. A liolf-tone vieiv of the 

home of Mary Draper Facing titlepage. 

SITE OF THE DRAPER HOUSE. A zinC plate 3 

THE AVERY SCHOOL. A half-tone plate from a photograph 

taken hy Mr. W. H. Bamsay on February 10, 1S9G 41 

TABLET IN MEMORY OF DR. WILLIAM AVERY 43 

HANNAH ADAMS. An electrotype plate, from the History of 

Medfleld hy Tilden ; used hy the author' s permission — 83 

THE PILLAR OF LIBERTY. A zinc plate of the westerly face — 123 

THOMAS wight's GRANT. A zinc plate showing the homestead. 147 



OFFICERS 



DKDHAIVL HiSTORICAIv SOCIKTY. 



ELECTED MARCH 18, 



Don Gleason Hill, President. 

Erastus Worthington, .... Viee-President, 

John H. Burdakin, Librarian. 

Julius H, Tuttle, Correspojidiiig Secretary. 

Harriet T. Boyd, Recording Secretary. 



George W. Humphrey, . . 

Don Gleason Hill, 
Erastus Worthington, 
Henry W. Richards, 
John H. Burdakin, 
A. Ward Lamson, 
Carlos Slafter, 



Ti^easiirer. 



Curators. 



THE DEDHAM HISTORICAL REGISTER 
Don Gleason Hill, .... 1 



Julius H. Tuttle, 
Julius H. Tuttle, 
Harriet T. Boyd, 
Edna Y. Calder, 
M. Gardner Boyd 



Conwiittee on Publication. 
Editor. 



1 

\ Associate Editor's. 

J 



Business Manager. 




rVBUSheD DY TA 



DEDMAM MI STOP 



DEDrtAM, A 



JULIUS H. TUTTLE, Editor. 

Associate Editors, 

HARRIET T. BOYD, . . . ED:N^A F. C ALDER. 

Business Manager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 

CONTENTS FOR JANUARY, 1896. 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Half-tone picture of the old Draper House, West Boxhury, 

the home of Mary Draper, Frontisjnece 

Belief ptlate, showing the old road and site of the house, . . 3 

WIDOW MARY DRAPER. . . . Erastus Worthington. 1 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. (To he continued.) . 7 

Carlos Slafter. 

THE SKELTONS OF WOBURN, DEDHAM, BILLERICA, 10 
Etc. 1629^800 Howard. B. Guild. 

DEDHAM MAIL-COACHES. . . . . C. W. Ernst. 14 

MOSES AND AARON LEWIS. . . . George H Lewis 16 

DEDHxVM IN THE REBELLION. {To he continued.) . . 19 

Joseph H. Lathrop. 

WRENTIIAM BIRTHS, 1709-1714 26 

DEDHAM BRANCH, MANN FAMILY 28 

3frs. Anna M. Pickford. 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {Tohecont) Edna F. Calder. 33 

THE WILL OF ESTHER HUNTING. . . John E. Alden. 34 

THE FISHER FAMILY, Philip A. Fisher. 38 

LABAN LEWIS Carll A. Lewis. 39 

NEW VOLUME OF DEDHAM RECORDS, Ed. by . . . 40 

Don GleasonHill. 

QUERIES 40 

All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1.00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 

Printed at the office of the Dedham Transcript. 

^'^dham, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 




The Dedham Historical Register. 



Vol. VII. January, 1896. No. 1. 



WIDOW MARY DRAPER. 

By Erastus Wortiiington. 

[Authorities: Women of tlie American Revolution, by Elizabetli F. Ellet, Vol. IT., 
1851; Diaries of Nathaniel Ames and of Rev. William Clark of Dedham; Dedham Records 
(Hill), Vols. I, and II; Norfolk Probate Records and Records of Deeds; The Drai)ers in 
America, by Thomas Wain-Morgan Draper, 1881; Revolutionary Times, by Edward 
Abbott, 1879; Madam Knight's Journal, 1704.] 

nnHE name of Mary Draper of Dedham, for many years, in 
-^ several books and publications, has been associated with 
some patriotic work, done by her during the opening days of the 
American Revolution, which entitles her to our grateful remem- 
brance and admiration. The incidents of the narrative are by 
no means extraordinary, but sucli as might naturally transpire 
at such a time, when the actor was a woman of strong character, 
inspired by patriotic impulses, with tlie opportunityafforded of 
giving them expression. 

The story is not now reproduced simply for rehearsal, since 
it has already been so well and fully told ; but as the published 
accounts give no facts concerning the personal history of Mary 
Draper, or point out the spot where she lived, about which some 
interest has been expressed, and the present writer having made 
some recent researches for such information, with satisfactory 
results, in accordance with the request of the Dedham Historical 
Society, he feels justified in recalling the story as it has been told. 

The account of Mary Draper's patriotic spirit and deeds first 
appeared in the " Women of the American Revolution," a work 
published in 1851 by Mrs. Elizabeth F. Ellet, a writer of repu- 
tation, and her book, now out of print, is well and favorably 

Eead before the Dedham Historical Society, December 4, 1895. The front- 
ispiece follows a photograph which lias been reproduced in " The Drapers in 
America," page 22, and is given here by the author's permission. 



2 MABY DBAFEE. [Jan. 

known. Mrs. Ellet considered Mary Draper to be worthy of a 
place among those women in the time of the Revolution who be- 
came historic characters as the wives of men prominent in civil 
or military life, and she devotes a separate chapter to her story. 
In a foot-note Mrs. Ellet says : "The facts were communicated 
to me by a lady who was well acquainted with Mrs. Draper, and 
has often heard her relate particulars of the war.'* 

This tradition, upon which the story rests for authority, is 
thus distinctly traced and well authenticated. In a book entitled 
"Revolutionary Times," by Edward Abbott, published in 1876, 
the author speaks of Mrs. Draper with "peculiar admiration." 
In the last October number of " Woman's Progress," a magazine 
published in Philadelphia, the facts are again detailed very fully 
and appreciatively, the author of the article saying, " she was 
certainly the most patriotic (woman) in the State of Massachu- 
setts." With these published accounts before us it is necessary 
to give only the substance of the story. 

The days which immediately followed what was known in the 
language of the time as the " Lexington Alarm," were busy with 
warlike preparations in the little village of Dedham. Situated 
upon the post road leading from Boston to Rhode Island, the 
minute-men and militia, who responded with alacrity to the ex- 
pected call to arms, came down from the country side south of 
Dedham, and from Rhode Island and Connecticut. We are not 
left to imagination for these facts. In the diary kept at that 
time by the Rev. William Clark, the Episcopal clergyman then 
residing here, the following entries appear ; — 

April 20. A terrible and distressing time such as New England 
never saw before. 

April 22. Many reports are circulating and things are yet in a great 
state of uncertainty. 

April 25. Providence artillery goes by and several companies 
from that way. 

April 28. Provincial cannon removed to Dedham. 

April 29. Soldiers go by yet 

April 30. Several large companies go by. 



1896.1 



3IABF DBAPEB. 



In the diary of Dr. Nathaniel Ames are these entries : — 

April 23. Connecticut forces gone to Boston's siege. 

May 1. Few people escape out of Boston. 

May 11. Public fast for the times. 

May 26. Large cannon from Providence pass by. 

In 1775, a little more than a mile from where the Court 
House in Dedham now stands, on the post-road leading to Rox- 
bury, now called Centre Street, opposite the present location of 
the Jewish Cemetery, there lived a widow named Mary Draper. 
Her husband, Moses Draper, died on January 21, of that year. 
In her recent widowhood the care of the farm mainly devolved 
upon her. Her eldest son, Moses, was about thirty-one years of 
age and married. Her other children had grown up, excepting 
the youngest, a boy of thirteen years. How many of the chil- 
dren remained at home cannot now be told. Moses Draper, Jr., 
marched as Second Lieutenant in one of the three companies of 
the Roxbury minute-men. 



13 P ST ON 




The line between Roxbury 
and Dedham, as will be seen 
by reference to the diagram, 
ran a short distance in front 
of her house and through her 
farm. The house stood just 
over the line in Roxbury, but 
the baptisms of all the chil- 
dren appear upon the records 
of the Dedham Church, and 
she owned one half of a gal- 
j^^ lery pew in the meeting house 

Pw of theFirst Parish in Dedham. 

11 \\c The proximity of her house 
'' "* to Dedham village naturally 
made her one of that community. It was placed upon 
a knoll in the middle of a bend in the road, and nearly a century 
before had attracted the passing traveller to its hospitable shelter. 



4 MABY DBAPEB. [Jan. 

The opportunity had now come for Mrs. Draper to show her- 
self true to the patriotic cause in a womanly way. Perhaps she 
saw in each passing detachment and company of soldiers the 
friends and comrades of her first born son, who had already 
marched to meet the " red coats." However this may have been, 
it entered into her mind to provide food and drink for the sol- 
diers who came to her door. Accordingly, from day to day, she 
fired her ample brick ovens to bake loaves for the multitude. 
Before her door she spread a board on which she placed the 
bread with cheese, a combination familiar to the New-England 
palate. She also had cider brought out in tubs which was 
served to the soldiers. We are not told how long the family 
stores of the Draper mansion were sufficient to meet the draught 
made upon them, but we may well believe there was no limit to 
the patriotic hospitality of its mistress so long as both supply 
and demand lasted. 

It is well known that during the siege of Boston, which was 
maintained for nearly a year afterwards, there was a scarcity of 
ammunition. Notwithstanding the supplies received fi'om Con- 
necticut and other colonies, still there was a demand made upon 
private resources; and again Mary Draper was ready to respond 
to this call. For that purpose she melted her pewter, platters 
pans and dishes, which in the eyes of a New England house- 
wife were as precious as family silver in more pretentious house- 
holds, and melted them into bullets in a mould which belonged to 
her husband's effects. 

During the war frequent demands were made upon the in- 
habitants of Dedham, for clothing and supplies for the Conti- 
nental army. Cloth in those days was homespun and woven on 
family looms. To spin and to weave were among the accom- 
plishments of the young women of the eighteenth century. Mrs. 
Draper, we are told, made coats from cloth woven in her own 
household, and from her sheets and blankets made shirts for 
the continental soldiers. 

Such without amplification was the practical patriotism of 
Mrs. Mary Draper. She showed her faith by her works. These 



1896.1 MABY DHAPEB. 5 

bespeak a woman of strong character, highly patriotic, with sym- 
pathies not limited to her own kindred, and ready to give of her 
substance at the country's call. It will be noted they were per- 
formed in her own house, in that natural and unconscious way 
which always marks heroic action. Her acts shine through the 
mists of a century and more with undiminished lustre, and 
whenever the days after the "Lexington Alarm" in Dedham 
shall be recalled, let the patri- 

otic deeds of Mrs. Mary Draper c^f^^Clf^ ^^f^apt/]^ 
be told as a memorial of her. ^^ 

Mrs. Draper was the daughter of Nathan and Mary (Chick- 
ering) Aldis, and was born April 4, 1719. The marriage of her 
father and mother appears on the Dedham Records as of April 
19, 1715. No record has been found of her own marriage to 
Moses Draper. It is said this was her second marriage, being 
at the time a widow Allen. The following entry upon the 
records of the Dedham Church shows the time of her death : — 

Nov. 20, 1810. Wid: Mary Draper aged 92 years, of old age. 

Her will was proved January 1, 1811, Dr. Nath. Ames and 
her son David being the executors. The homestead then came 
into the hands of David Draper, who occupied it for many years. 
In 1838 the house and building, with fifteen acres of land, were 
sold by David Draper to Nathaniel Fisher of Boston, and May 
14, 1839, the same estate was sold to Dr. Jeremy Stimson. Dr. 
Stimson owned the farm during his life and it is still owned by 
his heirs. The house was destroyed by fire in 1870. 

The Draper house was one of the very few houses of the emi- 
grant settlers in this vicinity which stood after the middle of the 
present century. There seems to be satisfactory evidence that it 
was built by James Draper, the first settler. He was admitted towns- 
man in Dedham in 1653, and in 1690 in Roxbury, where he died 
in 1694. The headstone of James Draper and his wife Miriam 
are yet standing in the cemetery at West Roxbury. The estate 
was inherited or purchased by Jonathan his son, the father of 
Moses the husband of Mary Draper. The projection in the 
gable, the long slope of the rear roof and the large chimney in 



6 MABY DBAFEB. [Jan. 

the centre, all of which appear in the frontispiece, are distin- 
guishing features of a house built in the seventeenth century. It 
was stated by David Draper to Dr. Stimson that it was one of 
the best constructed houses of its time. The visitor to its site 
to-day sees the old cellar of the size of one room, a common 
thing in old houses, the well half filled, the retaining walls 
along the passage-way from the house to where the barns and 
out buildings once stood, and the orchard planted no doubt in 
the present century. The bend in the old post-road has been 
discontinued by straightening Centre Street, so the site of the 
house does not now bound upon the street. 

There is another association which we may connect with 
this house as early as 1704. In Madam Knight's Journal of her 
memorable journey on horseback from Boston to New York and 
back, we find that she reached Dedham on her return, March 2, 
1704, and that she started with a fresh horse, hoping to reach 
Boston that night, but '4t grew late in the afternoon and the 
people having very much discouraged us about the sloughy way 
which they said we should find very difficult and hazardous, it 
so wrought on me, being tired and despirited and disappointed 
of ni}^ desires of going home, that I agreed to lodge there that 
night, which we did at the house of one Draper. " 

From these words of Madam Knight it appears that soon 
after leaving Dedham, it being late in the afternoon, and the 
way sloughy, she was persuaded to remain over night in the 
house of one Draper. The inference is justifiable that the house 
here referred to as standing in 1704 was the house of Mary 
Draper in 1775. 



Note.— In the inventory of the estate of Moses Draper, the husband of Mary Draper, 
dated March 28, 1777, among the personal effects were two swords, a shot mould, fifty 
skeins of woolen yarn, and articles of pewter. One parcel of real estate was "an old 
house with twelve acres of land." These items furnish significant confirmation of what 
has been stated, especially in describing the house as an old one in 1777. E. W. 



1896.] SCHOOLS AND TEACHEBS. J 

THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM. 
By Carlos Slafter. 

{Continued from Vol. VL, page 123.) 

Miss Rebecca Dana Perry taught in West Dedham two 
summers, 1830 and 1831, and in the Second Middle District in 
1834, having previously taught in Dover, Mass. She was the 
daughter of Major Elijah and Mary (Jones) Perry, born in Natick, 
Mass., Sept., 1805, and was educated in a select school in Temple- 
ton, Mass. She married Stedman Hartwell of West Dedham, 
April 9, 1835. The eldest of her three children, Alfred Stedman 
Hartwell, graduated at Harvard, 1858, and has been a Justice of 
the Supreme Court and Attorney General of the Hawaiian Islands. 
Mrs. Hartwell died at South Natick, Mass., in June, 1872. 

Horatio Dorr, a native and long-time resident of Roxbury, 
Mass., was the East Street schoolmaster in the winter of 1830-31. 
He is still (1895) pleasantly remembered by one of his pupils. 

Miss Esther, daughter of Isaac Whituig, taught the Mill 
School the summer term of 1829. She was born July 26, 1807, 
and married Amos Hall. 

Miss Esther Mann Whitney, for sixty dollars, taught the 
Second Middle School twenty weeks, and boarded herself, in the 
summer of 1830. She was the daughter of Col. Moses and 
Nancy (Mann) Whitney of Wrentham, and began her work as 
a teacher with much promise in her native town. For twelve 
or fourteen years her teaching was of the nature of a kinder- 
garten. She taught a " select private school " for children in 
Troy, New York, and many of her pupils are now persons of 
worth and distinction. She never married. One of her contem- 
poraries writes: "I reuiember her as a ver}^ attractive woman, 
of whom the young were very fond. It was only a year ago that 
she died; so that she lived to a good old age." Her last days 
were spent in Greenwich, Rhode Island. 

From 1829 to 1832 Thomas Jefferson Melvin was master of 
the First Middle School. He was born in Chester, N. H., April 



8 SCHOOLS AND TEACIIEBS [Jan. 

11, 1808, the son of John and Susanna (Sargent) Melvin, and 
his advanced education was obtained at Pinkerton Academy, in 
Derry, New Hampshire. In September, 1834, at Chester, he was 
joined in marriage to Harriette Tenny, and, with the exception 
of four years spent in Dan vers, Mass., continued to reside in his 
native town till he died there, Jan. 29, 1881. The larger part of 
his life he was engaged in mercantile business, and he is said to 
have held at different times all the important town offices. He 
was the Moderator of Chester town meetings for 25 years ; for 
30 years Superintendent of the Sunday School and an officer of 
the Congregational Church. For several years he represented 
the town in the Legislature, and a part of the time was State 
Senator. In politics he was first a whig, later a republican. 

In 1830 Mary Baker taught the school in West Dedham a 
term of sixteen weeks. She was the daughter of John and Becca 
(Fisher) Baker of Fox Hill Street, born Dec. 22, 1804. She 
never married and was for many years remarkable for her effi- 
ciency in the families of her near relatives. Her last days of age 
and feebleness were passed in Lincoln, Maine, at the home of 
her sister Deborah. 

TJie primary department of the First Middle School about 
1832 was in charge, for a time, of Miss Louisa Allen, the daughter 
of Nathan and Catherine (Fisher) Allen, born in Medfield, 1819. 
She continued to reside in Dedham and was for years an active 
worker in the anti-slavery cause. Later she removed to Ply- 
niouth, Mass., where she spent her last days with her sister, Mrs. 
Spear. 

Mr. Joseph Augustus Wilder began to teach in Dedham in 
tlie Westfield district in 1829. Afterwards he taught success- 
fully in the East Street and the First Middle Schools, and later 
a private school in the house now occupied by Mrs. Benjamin 
Adams. He was the son of the Rev. John and Esther (Tyler) 
Wilder of Attleboro, Mass., where in 1811 he was born, the tenth 
child of a family of twelve. He entered Brown University, but 
did not graduate. He married Mary Smith of Green Lodge, 
Dedham, Dec. 6, 1830. At one time he edited a newspaper in 



1896.] OF DEDHAM. 9 

Dedham. His last place of residence was Louisville, Kentucky, 
where he died in 1854, leaving one child, Mrs. J. H. B. Thayer, 
of Dedham. 

Miss Margaret Taft in 1832 was associated with Mr. Wilder 
in the instruction of the First Middle District. She was a native 
of Uxbridge, Mass., the daughter of Frederick and Abigail 
(Wood) Taft, and was joined in marriage to Calvin Guild of 
Dedham, May 19, 1836. Greatly beloved by a large circle of 
relatives and neighbors, she died in Dedham Jan. 23, 1891. 

Charles Andrews Farley, a graduate of Harvard in 1827, and 
afterwards a Unitarian clergyman, taught the East Street School 
in 1828, "finishing a term commenced by another teacher." He 
was a preacher of good abilities, but is said never to have settled 
permanently as a minister. According to the Harvard Catalogue 
he died in 1887. 

In 1829-30, Clapboardtrees employed in its school Merrill D. 
Ellis, who v/as born in West Dedham, Dec. 7, 1808, and was 
joined in marriage to Rebecca Newell Ellis, June 17, 1847. He 
represented the town of Dedham in the legislatures of 1841, 1842 
and 1843, where he was respected as a person of intelligence and 
sound judgment. He engaged in trade, both in Dedham village 
and in West Dedham, closing a useful and honored life Sept. 1, 
1878. 

Lucy S. Broad of Needham spent three summers, 1830-1-2, 
as teacher of the Westfield District. She is said to have married 
a Mr. Tolman and resided in Worcester. She is remembered 
still as an excellent teacher. 

Lucinda Guild, daughter of Gen. Nathaniel Guild, was the 
master's assistant in the First Middle District four years with 
Mr. Melvin and Mr. Crombie. She married Gorham D. Pierson, 
of Boston, Nov. 30. 1843. I have found her memory of the 
schools and teachers very helpful. The extended term of her 
service in the school is evidence of the good quality of her work. 
She is now a resident of Dedham. 

The master of the Second Middle School in 1830-1 was Wil- 
liam D. Upham of Weathersfield, Vermont. He graduated at 



10 SKELTON. [Jan. 

Brown University, in 1835, and subsequently taught a private 
school in Wickford, R. I. His death occurred in 1875. 

Martha Clark taught the East Street School the summer of 
1831. She died soon after; and it is reported that Warren 
Swann, to whom she was engaged to be married, showed his de- 
votion to her memory b}^ remaining single the rest of his life. 
The engagement ring is still in the possession of her niece, Mrs. 
George F. Wight. Miss Clark was the daughter of Major Jacob 
and Prudence (Stowe) Clarke, born May 5, 1813, and died Dec. 
19, 1832. She was educated at the Ipswich Ladies' Seminary. 
She was for a short time a teacher in the Infant School, which 
for several years was a popular institution in Dedham. 

{To he continued.) 



THE SKELTON FAMILY, OF WOBURN, 
DEDHAM, BILLERICA, etc., 1629-1800. 

By Howard Eedwood Guild. 

1. Rev. Samuel Skelton, b. 1584; d. at Salem, Mass., 
August 2, 1634. He came in 1629, from Lincoln County, Eng- 
land, in the "George"; Freeman, 1636; rec. grant of land, 
Salem, 1630. His wife died at Salem, March 15, 1631. For an 
interesting paper about him, by Dr. Samuel A. Green, see Pro- 
ceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 2d series, Vol. 
X. pp. 108-115. Children :— 

2. Samuel. 

Elizabeth ; m. Robert Sanford, of Boston. 
Susanna ; m. John Marsh, of Salem. 
Mary ; m. Nathaniel Felton. 
Benjamin; child, jfohn, bapt. Salem, 1639. 
Nathaniel; child, yo/m, bapt. Salem, 1648. 

2. Samuel (^Samuel). In 1644 he conveys land at Salem; 
in 1649, as " son of the Rev. Samuel Skelton," conveys land at 
Salem. Child : — 



1896.] SKELTON. 11 

3. Joseph. My only authority for this relationship is a letter 

by Rev. Mr. Sewall. See Hazen's Billerica. 

3. Joseph (^Samuel, Samuel), b. [ ] ; m. at Dedham, 
Feb. 25, 1673, Deborah, dau. of Abraham Howe, of Dorchester ; d. 
at Woburn, June 30, 1705. She d. same place 1711. Of 
Woburn in 1653, an apprentice — as servant of Capt. John 
Carter; Woburn, 1662, see Middlesex Co. Court Records; 
1663, witnessed deed at Medfield ; 1673, of Dedham, when mar- 
ried. Children, born at Dedham : — 

4. Thomas, b. April 10, 1674. 

Deborah, b. Feb. 12, 1676 ; m. at Woburn, Aug. 13, 1700, 
to John Cragin, son of John and Sarah (Dawes) Cragin 
of Woburn. She was grandmother of Anna Chapin, 
who was wife of Colonel Ezra Wood and mother of Mrs. 
Frederick Taft. 

4. Thomas (^Joseph, Samuel^ Samuel), b. at Dedham, April 
10, 1674 ; m. at Woburn, Dec. 29, 1701, Mary, dau. of John and 
Sarah Cragin. In 1696, conveys land at Woburn ; 1709, as 
"Tailor" of Woburn, conveys land formerly belonging to his 
father, Joseph Skelton of Woburn, deceased ; Will, dated Nov. 
13, 1750 (Mid. Prob. 14653) mentions wife Mary, son Thomas, 
grandson Thomas, dau. Mary (executrix). Ch. b. at Woburn: — 

5. Thomas, b. Nov. 20, 1702. 
Mercy, b. Feb. 10, 1704. 

Daze, b. Aug. 17, 1705; d. at Woburn, Dec. 15, 1711. 

Anna, b. Jan. 11, 1710. 

Mary, b. [ ] ; d. later than 1750. 

5. Thomas (^Thomas, and as before), b. at Woburn, Nov. 
20, 1702 ; m. Ruth Reed, at Woburn, Nov. 30, 1729 ; d. at 
Woburn, March 23, 1796. Will dated Feb. 20, 1773 ; codicil, 
1782; proved, 1797 (Middlesex Prob.). He yeoman, of Woburn, 
mentions wife Ruth, daus. Mercy, Sarah, Susanna, Anna, and 
sons Daze, Thomas (executor), John, and Matthew. Children, 
born at Woburn : — 

6. Thomas, b. Nov. 28, 1740 ; m. Elizabeth Johnson. 
Mercy, b. Feb. 9, 1731 ; m. at Woburn, Jan. 18, 1753, 

Elkanah Welch, of Cambridge. 



12 tSKELTON. [Jan. 

Sarah, b. April 23, 1734 ; m. at Woburn, July 9, 1767, to 

Abiathar Johnson. 
Susanna, b. July 24, 1737 ; at Woburn, m. Dec. 24, 1761, 

to Simeon Blodgett, of Lexington. 
Anna, b. Jan. 3, 1736. 

7. Daze, b. Dec. 21, 1742 ; m. at Woburn, June 19, 1770, to 

Ruth Hartwell, of Bedford. 
Ruth, b. Aug. 3, 1730. 

8. John, b. Dec. 31, 1744; m. at Woburn, Feb. 2, 1768, 

Joanna Johnson. 

9. Matthew, b. June 19, 1746; m. at Woburn, Sept. 6, 1769, 

Sarah Wyman. 
Anna, b. June 19, 1750; m. at Woburn, March 7, 1782, 
Edward Wood. 

6. Thomas {Thomas^ Thomas^ as before), b. at Woburn, 
Nov. 28, 1740 ; m. May 10, 1768, same place, Elizabeth John- 
son ; was exec, of his father's will, 1797. Ch. b. at Woburn : — 

Thomas, b. Feb. 8, 1782 ; m. at Burlington, March 7, 1804, 
Nancy, dau. of Thomas Wyman, b. 1782 and d. June 
25, 1870, aged 88. Child :— Samuel C, b. 1814. 

Elijah, b. Jan, 25, 1784 ; m. at Burlington, April 7, 1812, 
Sarah Skelton. 

Elizabeth, b. April 25, 1769 ; m. at Woburn, Feb. 27, 1794, 
to Ishmael Munroe. 

Ruth, b. Nov. 1, 1778; m. at Woburn, Nov. 6, 1804, Eben- 
ezer Cummings. 

7. Daze (as before), b. at Woburn, Dec. 21, 1742; m. 
same place, June 19, 1770, Ruth Hartwell, of Bedford. Chil- 
dren, born at Woburn : — 

Daze, b. June 1, 1771 ; m. at Woburn, Feb. 12, 1792, 
Keziah Simonds. Child, Horace^ b. Nov. 21, 1793. 

William, b. April 21, 1773. 

Samuel, b. June 25, 1775 ; d. same place, Sept. 8, 1778. 

Ruth, b. Oct. 16, 1777 ; m. at Woburn, June 8, 1797, Wil- 
liam Kendall. 

Samuel, b. Sept. 6, 1781 ; d. 1781. 
. Stephen, b. May 28, 1784; m. May 8, 1817, Phebe 
Simonds. 



1896.] SKELTON. 13 

Rebecca, b. July 9, 1786; d. Oct. 30, 1787. 

Rebecca, b. Sept. 13, 1788; m. May 8, 1814, Benjamin 

Shepherd. 
Desire, b. Feb. 2, 1791. 
Asa, b. Aug. 2, 1795. 

8. John, (as before), b. at Woburn, Dec. 31, 1744 ; m. 
there, Feb. 2, 1768, Joanna Johnson; of Billerica, 1797. Ch : — 

John, b. Feb. 4, 1771 ; m. May 14, 1809, Sally Jaques, of 
Wilmington ; d. at Charlestown, Oct. 1, 1824. Children : 
yohn, b. 1810; George, b. 1812; Edward, b. 1813; 
Sarah, b. 1815 ; James, b. 1822. 

Ann, b. [ ] ; rn. Amos Haggett. 

Alfred, b. [ ] ; m. Martha [ ] ; d. before 1821. 

Children :— .^^4^^//, b. 1809; d. 1814; Alfred, b. Dec. 
21, 1812. 
10. Matthew, b. Oct. 26, 1773. 

Joanna, b. [ ] ; m. 1810, David Fosdick. 

Benjamin, b. [ ]. 

Thomas, b. Dec. IG, 1779 ; m. Emma Willard. 

9. Matthew (as before), b. at Woburn, June 19, 1746 ; 
m. Sept. 6, 1769, Sarah Wyman. 1797, of Woburn ; 1815, of 
Burlington. Children : — 

Matthew, b. [ ] ; m. Sept. 30, 1798, Elizabeth Winn. 

Sarah, b. [ ] at Burlington; d. Dec. 31, 1873, at 

Woburn, aged 86 years, 11 mos. and 1 day. 

10. Matthew (John, and as before) b. Oct. 26, 1773 ; m. 
1st at Burlington, March 8, 1801, Pamelia Wyman, of that 
place, who died in 1834 ; m. 2dly, April, 1835, Mrs. Martha 
Skelton; d. at Charlestown, Oct. 10, 1842, aged 69. Children:— 

Matthew, b. 1806; d. 1831. 

Samuel Putnam, b. 1808. 

Augustus, b. 1810. 

Pamelia Wyman, b. 1812 ; m. Hon. James Adams. 

Augustus Henry, b. 1823. 



Not identified : — Edward Skelton, son of Thomas and Jane, b. at 
Dorchester, Oct. 25, 1698 ; d. same place, Oct. 18, 1699. 



14 DEDHAM MAIL-COACHEIS. [Jan. 

Mary Skelton, dau. of James and Jean, b. April 4, 1683, at Mar- 
blehead. 



Books consulted : Essex Institute Hist. Coll. ; Salem Int. of 
Mar. ; Salem Births, Mar. and Deaths ; same of Boston, Dorchester, 
Dedham, Woburn, Billerica ; Dedham Ch. Rec. ; Middlesex Probate 
and Deeds ; Suffolk Probate ; Hazen's Billerica ; Wyman's Charles- 
town ; Sewall's Woburn ; Middlesex Co. Court Records. 



DEDHAM MAIL-COACHES. 
By C. W. Ernst. 

The Ames diary always brings postal information of value. 
The entries for April 7 and July 23, 1795, solve a question that 
was in need of solution. I think that the entry for April means 
that on the 7th day of the month, in 1795, the mail-coaches 
began service on the Boston-Dedham-Providence-New London- 
New Haven route. We know from Bradley's famous map of 
1796 that the mail-coach went as indicated. It did not go in 
1791, when the mail service between Boston, Providence and 
New Haven was performed by riders. We know, also, that in 
1792 Connecticut provided for a turnpike road between Norwich 
and New London (it was the first charter of the kind issued by 
Connecticut). A year or more would be required to build the 
road ; additional time would be needed to make the road from 
Providence to Norwich practicable, Rhode Island being a bad 
road builder. It is fairly safe to conclude that the mail-coach, 
three times a week, began to run on the Boston-Dedham-Prov- 
idence-New Haven route on April 7, 1795, when a new quarter 
began in postal matters. In due time the route was extended to 
New York, giving Boston two mail-coach lines to New York, 
one via Dedham and Norwich, the other via Springfield. 

The Boston-Dedham-Hartford stage-coach was not established 
in 1795, 1 think, for the reason that the road was not in suitable 
condition. The road from Hartford to Thompson was good; 
the turnpike road from the state line to Bellingham was not 
authorized until 1800 (9th Mass. turnpike) ; and the line thence 



1896. J DEDHAM MAIL-COACHES. 15 

to Dedham was not authorized until 1804. The mail service 
Boston-New York is still a sharp problem. The problem first 
came up in 1714. The Springfield line was first tried in that 
year, but proved unsatisfactory. In time it became the rival of 
the Dedham route. During the Revolution it became the main 
line. In 1793 the Dedham line rose to importance, which be- 
came great when steamboats gave the Dedham line a certain 
monopoly. The railroads changed things ; but the old problem 
remains, — shall the mail go via Springfield, or via Providence ? 
And travel follows the mail. 

The year 1795, as the Ames diary reflects, was a year of ex- 
traordinary enterprise in stage coaching, road building, travel 
and mails. It appears that 1795 gave Dedham and New London 
the first mail-coach ; stage-coaches came earlier. In 1765 four 
times a week the stage-coach made the Boston-Dedham-Provi- 
dence trip. In 1769 it went six times a week. Then came the 
interruption of war ; but in 1784, I think, the service was per- 
formed on every secular day, usually in nine hours. Dedham 
saw its first mail-coach on April 7, 1795, under a contract made 
by the Postmaster-General, thus giving Boston six mail-coaches 
a week to New Haven and New York, three going through Ded- 
ham, the others through Springfield. The stage-coaches from 
1792 to 1795 carried the mail from Boston through Dedham to 
Providence, but stopped there, and were not mail-coaches in the 
full sense of the term. Much less were the stage-coaches of 1785 
and 1786, though they carried the mail. Up to 1792, Peter 
and Benjamin Mumford, who began before the Revolution, sup- 
plied the mail service between Boston and Rhode Island, passing 
through Dedham, always on horseback, and always ready to deal 
with the public directly. In fact, they believed in free delivery, 
and incidentally did a thriving newspaper and express business. 
They were displaced late in 1792, or early in 1793, when the 
stage-coaches between Boston and Providence carried passen- 
gers for a dollar, and offered to carry the mail for nothing. 



16 MOSES AND AARON LEWIS. [Jan. 

MOSES AND AARON LEWIS. 

By George H. Lewis. 
{Continued from Vol. VI., page 120.) 

On Feb. 10, 1782, Aaron Lewis of Lyndeboro, yeoman, sells 
to Hezekiah Duncklee, yeoman of Lyndeboro, who was brother- 
in-law to Aaron Lewis, he having married Mehitable White, for 
£500, part of lot No. 120, in second division of lots of said town 
adjoining land of Lieut. Amos Whittemore. Also part of lot No. 
121, adjoining land of Benjamin Dutton. (Deeds XXX, 376.) On 
August 25, 1784, Aaron Lewis sells to Simeon Fletcher of L., 
husbandman, part of Lot. No. 120, in the second division west of 
land of Hezekiali Duncklee. On June 20, 1802, the Town of 
Lyndeboro by a committee appointed March 22, 1802, sold to 
Aaron Lewis, gentleman, lands granted to the Town for the 
support of a minister, for -$598. 50. Said ministerial lands being 
in the north part of the town, north of lot 2, 63 acres. (Deeds 
LIX. 366.) 

Aaron Lewis was Selectman of Lyndeboro in 1793 and 1794, 
and Town Clerk in 1809 and 1810 ; also a deacon of the church, 
a man of great piet}^, and an honored citizen for his integrity and 
uprightness of character. In the history of Hillsboro County, 
N. H., his name appears " among the few who did most during 
the trying times of the Revolution" ; also as one of 33, who in 
July, 1776, went to Ticonderoga with Captain William Barton 
under Col. Isaac Wyman ; with 19 others he went again July 
1, 1777, under Lieut. Samuel Houston ; also on Dec. 8, 
1777, as Sergeant. He was a private August 17, 1778, under 
Capt. Lee, Col. Moses Kellej^'s Regiment, on the expedition to 
Rhode Island against the English forces. See Hammond's 
Revol. Rolls, Vol. II., in the New Hampshire State Papers, 
Vol. XV. 

In the records of the church at Lyndeboro, is this lecord of 
a meeting held Oct. 30, 1806. '' Voted that as there is not found 
any record of the vote of the Church whereas they made choice 



1896.J MOSES AND AABON LEWIS. ■ 17 

of Brothers Samuel Houston and Aaron Lewis as Deacons, that 
the present Clerk record the same." Aaron was a Deacon from 
the election there referred to until 1830, when he removed to the 
home of his son Amasa, in New Boston. He was also clerk of 
the Church from 1806 to 1812. His will is on file in the Probate 
Court, Nashua, N. H. 

I Aaron Lewis of Francistown in the County of Hillsboro, State 
of New Hampshire, do make and publish this my last Will and Testa- 
ment, as follows : First I give and bequeath to my son Aaron Lewis, 
One hundred dollars ($100.00) To Sanford Holmes, Mason Holmes, 
Lewis Holmes and Cyntha Holmes, children of my daughter Sally 
Holmes, Fifty dollars ($50.00) each. To my son Amasa Lewis, Two 
hundred dollars ($200.00) To Nancy Short, daughter of my daughter 
Nancy Harden, Sixty-five dollars ($65.00) To William Lewis Marden, 
Daniel Hardy Marden, and Francis Marden, children of Nancy Mar- 
den, Forty five dollars each. ($45.00) To Sewall Goodridge, Abigail 
Goodridge and Sarah Goodridge, Children of my daughter Abigail 
Goodridge, Fifty dollars each. ($50.00) To my daughter Parmelia 
Cressey, One hundred dollars. ($100.00) To Nathaniel Lewis son of 
my son Asa Lewis, One Hundred dollars. ($100.00) Said legacies 
to be paid in cash by my Executor one year from the probate of my 
will to such as shall be of age. As regards such as shall not then be 
of age, to be on interest from that time, and paid to them as fast as 
they severally become of age. And in case any of my said grand-children 
shall hereafter die before the expiration of one year from the probate 
of my will, or before becoming of age then the share of such deceased 
grand-child is to be equally divided among and paid to his or her sur^ 
viving brothers and sisters, when they shall severally be of age, pro- 
vided however that my Executor is hereby directed to retain in his 
hands out of each of the shares of the said Sanford Holmes, Cyntha 
Holmes, Lewis Holmes and Mason Holmes, Ten dollars ($10.00) 
until the death of the said mother or until she shall direct the pay- 
ment of said sums to them, and my Executor while he retains said 
sums in his hands shall annually pay to their said mother the interest 
thereof to enable her to make such small gifts and contributions as 
she shall direct in aid of religious and charitable objects. 1 also give 
and bequeath to my sons Aaron Lewis and Amasa Lewis, all my wear- 
ing apparel, and I order all my property not specially devised both 



18 MOSES AND AABON LE WIS. [Jan. 

real and personal to be sold by my Executor at such time within one 
year from probate of my will, and in such way as he shall judge 
proper and the residue of the proceeds thereof after the payment of 
my just debts, funeral expenses, the expenses of administration and 
the cash legacies aforesaid, to be divided among the persons entitled 
to receive said cash legacies and in such proportion to the sum they 
shall be severally entitled to receive under the bequests giving said 
cash legacies. Lastly I constitute and appoint Titus Brown of Fran- 
cistown aforesaid to be Executor of this my last will and testament. 
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the 12th, 
day of May 1830. 

Aaron Lewis. 

10a. PvioSES, sou of Jonathan (10) and Hannah (Hunting) 
Lewis ^Register V. 11, for Jan., 1884,) b. Sept. 27, 1743 ; d. 
March 3, 1829, in his 86th year ; m. Rebekah Butterfield, b. in 
Londonderry, N. FL, April 6, 1744; d. April 29, 1830, aged 86 
years. Moses was a very pious man and always had family wor- 
ship up to his last illness. Three generations were raised on his 
farm. Both are interred at Greenfield, N. H. Children born at 
Lyndeboro (now Greenfield) : — 

10c. Samuel, b. Dec. 25, 177G; m. Betsey Martin. 

lOd. Rebekah, b. April 28, 1779 ; m. Robert Martin (brother 
of Betsey). 

lOe. Lydia, b. Feb. 17, 1783 ; ra. Ezekiel Cudworth. 

lOb. Aaron, son of Jonathan (10) and Abigail (Everett) 
Lewis of Dedham, b. July 3, 1750 ; and d. May 20, 1833, at 
New Boston, N. H. ; ra. Sept. 24, 1772, at Sharon, Mass., Sarah 
White, b. Feb. 8, 1750-1, and d. May 16, 1804, aged 54 years, 
dan. of Benjamin and Mary ( ) White of Stoughtonham, 

Mass., who moved from Dedham to Stoughton after the birth of 
their son Benjamin. They were admitted to the Church Aug. 
28, 1773. Both are interred at North Lyndeboro Cemetery, with 
her brother Moses White and his wife Susanna. Children born 
at Lyndeboro : — 

Aaron, b. March 19, 1775 ; d. June 21, 1855, aged 80 years; 

m. 1798, Hannah Boardman, b. June 29, 1776, d. Nov. 

20, 18G5, aged 89 yrs., dau. of Thomas and Hannah 



BEDIIAM IN THE liEBELLION. 19 

Eoardman of Lyndeboro, Both interred at North Lynde- 
boro, with their parents. 

Sarah, b. April 24, 1777; d. Sept. 17, 1855; m. Ichabod 
Holmes, b. Feb. 22, 1780, d. April 5, 1854, of Francis- 
town, son of Enoch and Susanna (Mart) Holmes who 
bought the farm that Moses and Aaron Lewis first set- 
tled on in 1771. 

Amasa, b. May 14, 1780; d. April 11, 1849, at Medford, 
Mass.; m. April 16, 1807, Polly Dane, b. Oct. 6, 1786, 
d. Sept. 20, 1867, at Medford, Mass., dau of Daniel (a 
brother of Nathan Dane, the founder of Harvard Law 
School) and Sarah (Goodhue) Dane of New Boston, N. 
H. Both are interred atWoodlawn Cem., Everett, Mass. 

Nancy, b. April 28, 1783 ; d. Aug. 1, 1853 ; m. 1st May 22, 
1806, John Elliott, born Sept. 12, 1784; m. 2dly, Oct. 
15, 1816, Solomon Marden, b. March 24, 1775, d. Feb. 
6, 1843, son of Lemuel and Hannah (Greenough) Mar- 
den of New Boston, N. H. ; interred at Lowell, Mass. 

Abigail, b. Jan. 4 [Town Records], or 24, 1787 ; d. June 
30, 1821 ; m. April 6, 1800, Israel H. Goodridge, b. Jan. 
20, 1783, d. May 13, 1853, son of Rev. Sewall and Phebe 
(Putnam) Goodridge, the second minister at Lyndeboro. 

Parhelia, b. July 7, 1789; d. Dec. 24, 1851; m. May 5, 
1819, Samuel Cressey, son of Nathan Cressey of Lynde- 
boro. Both interred at Lyndeboro Cemetery. No ch. 

Asa, b, Dec. 7, 1792 ; d. 1831, at Baltimore, Md. ; m. Jan. 
18, 1820, Elizabeth Goodridge, b. Nov. 26, 1791, d. Jan. 
14, 1866; dau. of Pvcv. Sewall and Phebe (Putnam) 
Goodridge of Lyndeboro, N. H. 



DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION. 

By Joseph Henry Lathrop. 
{Continued from Vol. VI., page 145.) 

Nason, Albert D. — Co. C, 45th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
26, 1862 ; discharged June 9, 1863, for disability. 

Nauman, John — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; dis- 
charged March 18, 1864, for disabihty. 

Nead, George M.— Co. B, 24th Reg't U. S. Inf., April 15, 1864. 

Neal, Lucius J. — U. S. Vet. Reserve Corps, April 16, 1864. 



20 DEDHAM [Jan. 

Neas, John— Co. K, 56th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 25, 1864; mus- 
tered out July 12, 1865. 
Neas, Joseph— Co. A, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art, July 28, 1863; 

mustered out Sept. 3, 1865. 
Neas, Joseph — Co. I, 33d Reg't Mass. Inf., Jan. 5, 1865 ; trans- 
ferred to Co. I, 2d Reg't Mass. Inf., June 1, 1865; 
mustered out July 14, 1865. 
Neiss, Frederick J. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 

discharged Jan. 5, 1863, for disability. 

Newman, Patrick— Co. A. 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., April 2, 1864 ; 

mustered out June 30, 1865, in Co. C. 

Nichols, Albert A. — Co. A, 4th Reg't Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), April 
22, 1861 ; Sergeant ; mustered out July 22, 1861. 

NiCHOLr, Daniel F.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 
taken prisoner near Mine Run, Va., Nov. 27, 1863 ; 
mustered out Sept. 2, 1864 ; absent in hands of the 
eneiny ; exchanged Nov. 17, 1864 ; mustered out Jan. 
3, 1865, to date Dec. 14, 1864; Captain, 5th Reg't 
U. S. C. Heavy Art, Nov. 29, 1863, but not mus- 
tered, being a prisoner; again commissioned Captain 
same regiment Dec. 14, 1864; mustered out May 
20, 1866. 

Nichols, John H.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (0 mos.), Sept 12, 
1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; U. S. Signal 
Corps, March 31, 1864; Sergeant; mustered out 
Aug. 17, 18G5. 

Noble, Joseph A. — Co. K, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 22, 1861 ; 
deserted June 12, 1862. 

NooNAN, Dennis — Co. E, 61st Reg't Mass. Inf. (1 year), Sept. 20, 
1864; mustered out June 4, 1865. 

Ober, Albert G.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 
mustered out June 9, 1865. 

O'Brien, Cornelius — Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Oct. 
11, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

O'Brien, James H. — Seaman U. S. Navy, Oct, 1862. 

O'Brien, Jeremiah— Co. E, 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., April 11, 1864; 
mustered out June 30, 1865. 

O'Connell, William E. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 
1862 ; mustered out June 9, 1865. 

O'Connor, Andrew— Co. I, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 29, 1861 ; 
discharged Dec. 1, 1862, for disability. 

O'Hara, Patrick— 4th Battery Mass. Light Art, Feb. 22, 1864; 
mustered out Oct. 14, 1865. 

O'Keefe, Daniel— 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., March 23, 1864; un- 
assigned recruit. 

O'Reilly, Charles D. — Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; disch. January 29, 1864, for accidental wounds. 



1896.] IN THE liEBELLION. 21 

Onion, Edward M. — Sergeant Major, IcSth Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 

24, 1861 ; Second Lieut. Oct. 20, 18G1 ; First Lieut. 

Sept. 1, 1862 ; Captain May 2, 1863 ; mustered out 

Sept. 2, 1864. Brevet Major. 
Onion, Henry— Capt. Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 26, 1861 ; 

resigned Oct. 28, 1861 ; Second Lieut. 2d Reg't Mass. 

Heavy Art, May 25, 1863 ; not mustered. 
*Owens, Michael— 2d Battery, Mass. Light Art., Feb. 19, 1864; 

died Aug., 1864, on transport. 
Page, Frederick — 15th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 5, 1861 ; musician 

(Band) ; mustered out Aug. 8, 1862, by Gen. Order 

War Dep't of July 2, 1862. 
Park, Charles E.— Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 15, 1861 ; 

mustered out June 27, 1864. 
*Park— Henry M.— Co. H, 40th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 1, 1862 ; 

Corporal ; died June 20, 1864, from wounds received 

at Bermuda Hundred, Va., May 20, 1864. 
Parker, Edwin A. — Co. H, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Aug. 5, 1862; 

mustered out Nov. 11, 1864. 
Parker, Isaac N.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf. Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

wounded at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 1862 ; 

discharged March 1, 1863, on account of wounds. 
Parker, William— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 

discharged Dec. 23, 1863, for disability. 
Patterson, Samuel— Co. I, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 14, 1861 ; 

transferred to Co. I, 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 12, 

1864; mustered out June 14, 1865. 
Patterson, William C. — Chaplain 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 30, 

1861 ; resigned in 1862. 
Perkins, Charles M. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Perkins, Lafayette— Co, K, 2d Reg't Mass. Inf., May 25, 1861 ; 

re-enlisted Dec. 30, 1863; mustered out June 17, 1865. 
^Persons, Edward H.— Co. M, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 23, 1861; 

died Oct. 13, 1861, at Readville, Mass. 
=*Phalan, David— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; died 

July 30, 1863, at Milldale, Miss. 
Phillips, Lewis N. — 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 25, 1864; rejected 

Feb. 27, 1864. 
Phinney, Ezra — 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 27, 1864; unassigned; 

transferred to Navy, April 2, 1864. 
Phipps, Benjamin F.— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 19, 1861 j 

mustered out Sept. 5, 1864. 
*Phipps, Charles W.— Co. A, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 18, 1861 ; 

killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 16, 1864. 
Pierce, William S.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

discharged Feb. 23, 1862, for disability. 



22 DEDHAM [Jan. 

PiNNEY, James— Co. F, 2d P^eg't Mass. Inf., May 25, 1861 ; mus- 
tered out May 28, 1864. 

Pond, Charles D.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 
Sergeant ; mustered out June 9, 1865. 

Pond, Edward R.— Co.' I, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 8, 1861 
discharged April 7, 1863, for disability. 

Pond, George E.--Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 
discharged Jan. 11, 1862, for disability; Co. D, 43d 
Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 1862; mustered 
out July 30, 1863. 

Pond, James M.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; Ser- 
geant, 1st Sergeant; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., 
July 2, 1863; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 1864; First Lieut. 
Ian. 15, 1864; transferred to 32d Reg't Mass. Inf. 
Oct. 21, 1864; mustered out Nov. 14, 1864. 
^Pooler, John M.~lst Battery Mass. Light Art., Aug. 28, 1861 ; 
Artificer; died March 14, 1863, at White Oak 
Church, Va. 
^Postings, George li. — Co. K, 56th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 1, 
1864; taken prisoner; died June 28, 1864, at Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Powers, John— Co. G, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf , July 18, 1861 ; Cor- 
poral ; taken prisoner at Ball's Bluff, Va., Oct. 21, 
1861 ; mustered out Aug. 1, 1864. 

PoYEN, Louis F. — Co. D, 1st Batt. Mass. Heavy Art., June 6, 1863; 
Sergeant; Second Lieut, Nov. 26, 1864; mustered 
out June 29, 1865 ; recommissioned Aug. 16, 1865 ; 
mustered out Sept. 12, 1865. 

Pratt, Austin E. — Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
Corporal; wounded at Gett3^sburg, Pa., July 2, 1863 ; 
discharged April 26, 1864, on account of wounds. 

Pratt, Charles E.— Co. I, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 28, 1864; 
mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

Pratt, Edwin — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Pratt, Joseph W.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 
Sergeant ; discharged Feb. 21, 1862, for disability. 
=>^PuRDY, John— Co. I, 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 25, 1864 ; died 
May, 1865, at Danville, Va. 

Putner, Lerepher — 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 20, 1864; rejected 
Feb. 23, 1864. 
*Putner, Peter— Co. B, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 20, 1864; mur- 
dered Oct. 6, 1864, at Washington, D. C. 

Quinlan, Patrick— Co. E, 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 24, 1864; 
mustered out June 30, 1865. 

Radcliffe, Winslow — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 
discharged Nov. 17, 1863, for disability. 



1896.J IN THE REBELLION. 23. 

Rafferty, Michael— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 18G2 ; 
Corporal, Color Corporal ; wounded at Fredericks- 
burg, Va., Dec. 13, 18G2 : mustered out June 9, 1865. 

Rahlin, Olaf L.— Co. D, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 20, 1803; 
deserted April 25, 1864. 

Rand, Arnold A. — 4th Batt. Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), April 14, 1861 ; 
Second Lieut., 1st Mass. Cav., Oct. 30, 1861 ; Cap- 
tain, Feb. 4, 1862 ; Captain and A. A. G., U. S. Vols., 
June 3, 1863; resigned to accept promotion Jan. 12, 
1864; Lieut. Col. 4th Mass. Cav., Dec. 3, 1863; Col- 
onel, Jan. 22, 1864; resigned Feb. 3, 1865. 

Randall, William H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Rausch, Conrad— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 
wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 ; dis- 
charged April 16, 1863, on account of wounds. 

Read, James O. — Veteran Reserve Corps, Sept. 17, 1864 ; mus- 
tered out Nov. 30, 1865. 

Reynolds, Charles — Co. K, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 29, 1863; 
transferred to Vet. Reserve Corps. 

Reynolds, William — Co. I, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 23, 1861 ; 
re-enlisted Feb. 27, 1864 ; mustered out Jan. 20, 1866. 

Rhoades, George A. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Rhoades, Gejrge ,L. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out 'july 30, 1863. 

*Rhoads, Willard F. — 1st Michigan Cav. ; killed near Centrevilie, 
Va., Nov. 3, 1863. 
Richards, Amos J. F. — Seaman, U. S. Navy, August, 1862; dis- 
charged Sept., 1863 ; 14th Batt. Mass. Light Art., 
Feb. 27, 1864; mustered out June 15, 1865. 
Richards, Edward F. — Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861; Corporal; Regimental Q. M. Sergeant, March 

13, 1862 ; mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 
Richardson, Henry S. — Co. B., 42d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.,) 

Sept. 13, 1862; mustered out Aug. 20, 1863. 
^Richardson, John E. — Co. B, 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 21, 1864; 

died in rebel prison, Aug. 17, 1864. 
Richardson, Joseph H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; Co. B, 4th 

Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 21, 1864; mustered out Nov. 

3, 1865. 
RiCKARDS, Bennett O. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, l.s()2 ; mustered out July 30. 1863. 
Roberts, Ephraim A. — Co. 1, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 

Musician ; transferred to Vet. Reserve Corps Oct. 

8, 1864. 



24 DEDHAM [Jan. 

Robertson, Edwin H. — Co. E., oth Reg't Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), May 

1, 1861 ; mustered out July 31, 1861. 

Robinson, Nathaniel F. — Co. A, 50th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 15, 1862; Corporal; mustered out Aug. 24, 

1863. 
Rogers, Charles H.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

Corporal ; mustered out Sept. 2, 1864. 
Ross, James C. — Co. H, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 25, 1861; dis- 
charged Dec. 20, 1862, for disability. 
Rowley, Thomas — Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Oct. 11, 

1862; deserted Nov. 2, 1862, at Readville, iMass. 
Ryan, Ralph— 1st Reg't Dis't of Columbia Inf., April 22, 1864. 
Ryder, Gideon A.— Co. F. 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

Corporal ; mustered oat Sept. 2, 1864. 
Schenkl, Anton — Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Oct, 11, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863 ; Co. D, 2d Reg't 

Mass. Heavy Art., Aug. 22, 1863; des'd Sept. 1, 1865. 
Schneider, Conrad — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 

discharged in 1863 for disability. 
Schouler, James — Second Lieut. Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 

mos.), Sept. 12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
*Scott, Charles— Co. B, 32d Reg't Mass. Inf., Nov. 22, 1864; died 

at Washington, D. C, March 5, 1865. 
Seyfarth, Herman— Co. H, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

transferred to U. S. Reserve Art., Aug. 10, 1862 ; Co. 

H, 17th Reg't Mass. Inf., Jan. 18, 1865 ; mustered 

out July 11, 1865. 
Shackley, Charles H. — Co, D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Charles — Veteran Reserve Corps, April 16, 1864. 
James F.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Shapleigh, Nathan E. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Shattuck, Edward — Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861; 

Corporal, Sergeant, 1st Sergeant; mustered out Sept. 

2, 1864. 

Shaw, Henry A.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862 ; Corporal; mustered out July 30, J 863. 
*Sheehan, Edward— Co. B, 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., Dec. 13, 1861 ; 
died at Washington, D. C, Nov., 17, 1863. 

Sheehan, James — Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 15, 1861 ; mus- 
tered out June 27, 1864. 

Shephard, James — 28th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 5, 1864; rejected 
March 10, 1864. 

Sheridan, James A.— Co. F, 13th Reg't Mass., Inf., Aug. 27, 1863, 
transferred to Co. C, 39th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 13; 



1896.] IJ^ THE REBELLION. 25 

1864; transferred to Co. D, 32d Reg't Mass. Inf., 
June 2, 1865 ; mustered out June 29, 1865. 

Sheridan, John — Co. A, 4th Reg't Mass. Cavalry, Dec. 26, 1863 ; 
discharged March 13, 1865, for disability. 

Sheridan, William H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 
Sept 12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Sherwin, Edward — Clerk U. S. Navy, Nov. 26, 1862 ; Acting As- 
sistant Paymaster Volunteer Navy, March 31, 1863; 
Passed Assistant Paymaster U. S. N., July 23, 1866 ; 
resigned Dec. 22, 1866. 

Sherwin, PIenry — Captain's Clerk, U. S. N., May 25, 1861, to 
Aug., 1862; Chief Clerk to Fleet Surgeon, Nov., 
1862 ; Chief Clerk to Pleet Captain in 1863 ; resigned 
April 14, 1865. 

Sherwin, Thomas, Jr. — First Lieut, and Adj't 22d P^eg't Mass. 
Inf., Oct. 1, 1861 ; wounded at Gaines Mills, Va., June 
27, 1862 ; Major, June 28, 1862 ; Lieut. Col., Oct. 17, 
1862 ; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July, 1863 ; Brevet 
Colonel, Sept. 30, 1864; mustered out Oct. 17, 1864; 
Brevet Brig. Gen., U. S. Vols., March 13, 1865. 

Shufeldt, Hiram W. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 
1862 ; Corporal, Sergeant ; wounded at the "Crater," 
Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864; discharged Dec. 31, 
1864, on account of wounds. 

Simpson, William— -Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
Corporal ; wounded at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 
30, 1862 ; discharged Feb. 4, 1863, on account of 
wounds. 

Smallwood, George E. — Co. E, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Sep. 13, 
1861 ; discharged Feb. 28, 1863, for promotion. 

Smeedy, Thomas — Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 15, 1861 ; 
mustered out June 27, 1864. 

Smith, Charles P.— Co. K, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
transferred to Vet. Res. Corps. 

Smith, George H.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Smith, Henry— Co. B, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Sept. 12, 1861 ; dis- 
charged Dec. 2b, 1862, for disability. 

Smith, Henry — Veteran Reserve Corps, Aug. 9, 1864. 
^Smith, Henry D.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 
killed at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. 

Smith, James B.— Co. A, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 19, 1861 
transferred to Vet. Res. Corps, March 10, 1864. 

Smith, John— Co. I, 48th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Nov. 15, 1862 
mustered out Sept. 3, 1863. 

Smith, John L.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; Cor- 
poral, Color Corporal, Sergeant, 1st Sergeant ; Second 



26 WBENTIIAM BIBTHS. [Jan. 

Lieut,, Jan. 9, 1865, but not mustered ; mustered out 

June 9, 1865. 
Smith, Joseph R.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1832 ; 

mustered out June 30, 1865. 
Smith, Thomas — Seaman U. S. Navy, June, 1864. 
Smith, William H.— Co. E, 21st Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 23, 1861; 

transferred to 3d Reg't V. S. Art., Oct. 23, 1862. 
Snell, George B.— Co. F, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 14, 1861 ; 

mustered out Sept. 18, 1864. 
Snell, John W.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 

mustered out Sept. 2. 1864. 
Snell, Thomas H.— Co. A, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 25, 1861 ; 

re-enlisted Dec. 21, 1863; Corporal; mustered out 

Jan. 20, 1866, in Co. K. 
SouLE, Francis E. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Stanton, Charles E. — 11th Battery, Mass. Light Art., Sept. 17, 

1864; mustered out June 16, 1865. 
Staubach, Philip W. — Veteran Reserve Corps, April 16, 1864. 
Steiner, Ferdinand — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

Corporal ; wounded at Cold Harbor, Va., June 2, 

1864 ; mustered out June 9, 1865. 

[To he continued.) 



WRENTIIAM BIRTHS. 

"A Register of thos that have been born in the Town of 

Wrentham." 

{Continued from Vol. VI., page 43.) 

Ralf Day, son of Ralf and Mary, Nov. 11, 1711. 

Ruth Farrington, dau. of Daniell and Abigail, Dec. 15, 1711. 

Bette Partredg, dau. of John and Anne, in Dec. 1711. 

Samuell Hancock, son of Anthony and Elizabeth, April 13, 1712. 

Esther Whiting, dau. of Nathaniell and Margaret, in Medfield, March 

20, 17^1 
Michal Man, dau. [sic] of William and Bethyah, March 12, 17i|. 
Ebenezer Adams, son of Peter and Sarah, April 17, 1712. 
Mary Fisher, dau. of Samuell and Mary, March 4, 17-]-^. 
William Puffer, son of William and Elizabeth, March 9, 17^^. 
Sarah Shuttleworth, dau. of Benjamin and Sarah, in Stonintown, 

Oct. 31, 1706. 
Kezia Shuttleworth, dau. of Benjamin and Sarah, April 3, 1712. 
Margaret Deering. dau. of Samuell and Mary, June 25, 1712. 
Margaret Foster, dau. of John and Margret, iMarch 7, 17-i-|-. 
Ammete Grant, dau. of Benjamin and Presilea, June 15, 1712. 



1896. J WEE NTH AM BIRTHS. ■ 27 

Isaac Heeten, son of Nathaniell and Mariah, Sept, 0, 171:2. 
Joseph Elis, son of Joseph and Catharine, July 14, 1712, 
Margaret Man, dau, of Theodore and Abigail, Oct, 15, 1712. 
Esther Man, dau. of Thomas and Hannah, Aug. 19, 1712. 
Mary Hancock, dau. of Henery and Mary, Jan. 1, 1710. 
Elizabeth Hancock, dau. of Henry and Elizabeth, Nov. 11, 1712. 
Thomas Rocket, son of Nathaniel! and Joanna, Feb. 25, 11 \h. 
Margaret Ware, dau. of Michael and Jean, Oct. 21, 1712. 
John Guilde, son of John and Mercy, Nov. 23, 1712. 
Abigail Metcalf, dau. of Eleazer and Judeth, Jan. 18, 17^f. 
David Lawrence, son of David and Bethyah, Sept. 3, 1712. 
Mary Willson, dau. of Michael and Sarah, July 25, 1710. 
Uriah Willson, son of Michael and Sarah, Nov. 14, 1712. 
Joseph Cowell, son of Joseph and Martha, March 22, 17-]-|. 
Nathaniell Mann, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, Aug. 6, 1709. 
Mary Man, dau. of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, July 24, 1711. 
Robert Man, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth, April 11, 1713. 
Jeremiah Fisher, son of Ebenezer and Abigael, Oct. 12, 1711. 
Mary Gay, dau. of Eleazer and Mary, May 4, 1713. 
Zipporah Adams, dau. of Bridget Blake, Nov. 25, 1712. 
Ephraim Pond, son of Ephraim and Mary, March 13, 17^|. 
Samuell Haws, son of Daniell and Beriah, Jan. 7, 17^|. 
Mehetable Man, dau, of William and Bethyah. Sept. 1, 1713. 
Hannah Metcalf, dau, of Eleazer and Hannah, Aug. 19, 1713. 
Elizabeth Ware, dau. of Robert and Elizabeth, Oct. 21, 1713. 
Pheebe Blake, dau. of Andrew and Sarah, Oct. 30, 1713. 
EHzabeth Tomson, dau. of Peter and Abigael, Oct. 23, 1713. 
Peelatiah Ware, son of Nathaniell and Mary, Oct. 20, 1713. 
Sarah Jones, dau. of David and Sarah, Sept. 9, 1713. 
Bethyah Lawrence, dau. of David and Bethyah, Jan. 9, 17^J. 
Bethyah Ware, dau. of Ebenezer and Bethyah, Aug. 31, 1713. 
Sarah Bacon, dau of Thomas and Esther, Aug. 25, 1712. 
John Hancock, son of Henery and Elizabeth, Feb. 24, 17i|. 
Timothy Puffer, son of William and Elizabeth, Jan. 17, 17^f . 
Pelatiah Metcalf, son of Michael and Abiell, March 28, 1714. 
John Lawrence, son of Ebenezer and Mary, June 27, 1713. 
Sarah Mann, dau. of Theodorand Abigell, May 6, 1714. 
Ezra Blake, son of Robert and Sarah, May 4, 1714. 
John Heeton, son of James and Eleeney, April 1 6, 1714. 
Seth Adams, son of Peter and Sarah, April 14, 1714. 
Gideon Elis, son of Joseph and Catharine, June 29, 1714. 
Beriah Boyden, dau. of Thomas and Deborah, June 19, 1714. 
Rachell Man, dau. of Thomas and Hannah, July 8, 1714. 
Jerusha Ware, dau. of Eleazer and Mary, June 23, 1714. 
Samuell Deering, son of Samuel and Mary, Oct. 1, 1714. 
Ebenezer Grant, son of Benjamin and Preselea, Sept. 3 1714. 
Samuel Day, son of Ralph and Mary, June 10, 1713. 



28 MA:NN family. [Jan. 

DEDHAM BKANCH OF THE MANN FAMILY. 

Compiled by 

AnivTA Map.ia (Tolman) Pickford. 

(Continued from Vol. VI., page 129.) 

3. Theodore Mann^ QSamuel? WilUajn^), was born Feb- 
ruary 8, 1680. He married February 28, 1702, Abigail, daiigliter 
of Daniel and Abiel (Gay) Hawes. She was born in Wrentliam, 
November 15, 1681, and died March 2, 1772. Her father was 
one of the original settlers of Wrentham. Theodore Mann was 
deacon in the church at Wrentham ; Selectman and Representa- 
tive in 1722 ; Clerk of the Wrentham Proprietors ; died July 
29, 1761. On the 7th of April, 1756, he made a will, giving to 

" Well beloved wife Abigail the use and improvement of all my 
Real Estate belonging to my homestead, viz. My housing and Lands 
on both of the high way, More I give unto her the Use & Improve- 
ments of my Meadow at Deans Corner (a meadow so Called) the use 
of which I give unto her while she remains my Widow. More I give 
unto her all my house hold Goods & indore moveables. Excepting my 
wearing apparell my armour and my Staff, more I Give unto her all 
my stock of Cattle and Swine, these with the above written moveables 
I Give unto her forever to be wholley and solely at her dispose. Itim 
I Give and Bequeath unto my well beloved son Theodore Man Half 
of my wearing apparell and my armour, more I give unto him four- 
teen Acres of Land Joining to his own land, or homestead, where he 
now Dwelleth, more I Give all my Upland Joining to his Meadow at 
Honey Pot (a meadow so called) More I Give unto him, all that 
money which is due to me from him, by a bond which lieth against 
him. Item I Give and Bequeath unto my Daughters, Vizt. Phebe 
Guild, Abigail Whiting, Sarah Day, Jerusha Jerred and to the Heirs 
of Beriah Kingsbury deceat, all those Peses & Parcells of Land here- 
after named, Vitz ... I give to the three children of my Daughter 
Margaret Cheever, deceast Vizt To Peggy, John & Samuel twenty 
shillings to each of them. ... To well beloved son Thomas Man 
half my wearing apparrell & my Staff or Cane More I Give unto him 
all my Real Estate, both in housing & Lands on both sides of the 
high way belonging to my Plomestead. After the Marriage or Death 



1896.] MANN FAMILY. 29 

of his Mother, More I Give unto him all my Husbandry tools, More 
I Give unto him all my other outlands which are not above written 
. . . Provided he the said Thomas Man take such Good Care of 
his Mother which I Charge him to Do at all times both in sickness 
and health as her age Calls for. I enstruct make & ordain Theodore 
Man & Thomas Man above written the sole Executors of this my last 
Will & Testement ... in presence of Daniel Ware, John Man, Eliz- 
abeth Blake. 

Proved, approved & allowed, 14 August Anno Domoni 1761. John 
Cotton Regr. No. 12759. 

Children : — 

Theodores* (dau.), b. Aug. 9, 1703 ; d. Sept. 1, 1703. 

Mary*, b. in Wrentham, July 16, 1704 ; d. May [15], 1706, 

Phebe, b. Feb. 16, 1706; m. John Guild, March 22, 1732. 
4. Theodore*, b. March 6, 1708. 

Abigail*, b. Sept. 16, 1710 ; m. Eliphelet Whiting, March 7, 
1733 ; d. Aug. 9, 1777, aged 67. 

Margaret*, b. Oct. 15, 1712 ; m. [ ] Cheever. 

Sarah*, b. May 6, 1714 ; m. Samuel Day, March 2, 1736. 

Daniel*, b. Sept. 8, 1716; d. Oct. 19, 1719. 

Beriah*, b. April 27, 1719 ; m. Daniel Kingsbury, Jr., 
Nov. 3, 1737; d. May 12, 1755. He. m. 2dly, Widow 
Abigail Adams, Oct. 19, 1775, who survived him. He 
was b. March 12, 1715 ; d. [ ], 1783. 

Thomas* (Dea.), b. Oct. 11, 1721 ; m. Mary Blake, Oct. 11, 
1744. 

Jerusha*, b. Nov. 12, 1724 ; m. Gamaliel Gerauld or Jerred, 
Oct. 11, 1751. 

4. Theodore* QTheodore^., Samuel'^., William}')^ was born 
in Wrentham, March 6, 1708 ; married Abigail Day, Feb. 22, 
1738. She was born [ ], and died [ ]. He must 

have moved to Walpole, as his name appears on the tov^n rec- 
ords in 1753, and in his will dated " The Twenty Second day of 
February in the year of our Lord 1783," he says : — 

" I Theodore Mann of Walpole in the County of Suffolk . . . Item 
I Give & Bequeath to my Eight Sons my wearing Apparel & Armour, 
to be Equally Divided between them. Item. I Give to my Eleven 



30 MANN FAMILY. [Jan. 

Children all my Books to be Equally Divided between them. Except 
my Dictionary Consisting of two Volumes. Item I Give to my Four 
Eldest Sons, Viz* Theodore Ralph Seth & Timothy Six Pounds Each, 
that with what I have already given them, is their full Part and Por- 
tion of my Estate. Item I Give to my Son Elias Man Four Pounds 
v/hich with what I have heretofore given him is his full Part and Por- 
tion of my Estate. Item I give to my son Jabez Man, Ten Pounds 
and also my Dictionary, this with what I have already given him is 
his full Proportion of my Estate. Item I give to my Son Joseph Man 
Four Pounds that with what I have already given him is his full Pro- 
portion of my Estate. Item I give to my Daughter Abigail Smith, 
one fourth Part of my Indore moveables, not otherwise disposed of in 

this will Item I give to my Daughter Mary ITartshorn, 

one Fourth Part of my Indore Moveables not otherwise disposed of 

Item I Give to my Daughter Margaret Man my best 

Bed with the furniture. One good Cow, Seventeen Pounds in Lawful 

Money and one fourth part of my Indore moveables 

Item I Give to my two Grand Children, Viz* Herman and Milla Man 
a good American Bible each. Item I Give to my son Benjamin Man 
all my Housing, Lands, Goods, Chattels and Credits not Perteculaily 
given away in this Will, he Paying all my Past Debts within one year 
next After my Decease. And I do hereby appoint my said Son Ben- 
jamin Man Sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament. 

Theodore Mann. 

In presence of 

Theo Man, John N. Everett and Seth Bullard 
Presented for Probate Nov. 4, 1783. 

Theodore Man died Oct. 1, 1783 [Church Records]. He 
served both in the Continental and Revolutionary wars. His 
name is given in the " Muster Roll of Capt. John Boyd's Co. of 
foot in Continental Army, at Fort No. 2, Oct. 5, 1775." His 
name is mentioned many times in the town records of Walpole. 

January 29, 1753. Then assembled ye selectmen and ordered 
their warrant for a Town meeting to be on Feb. 23 to see if it be ye 
mind of the Town to accept of Ens. Theodore Man and others to be 
annexed to the town . . . 1754. March 5. Ensn Theodore Man gives 
£^ towards meeting house . . . Dec. 18. The Town accept the road 
toward this side Ensn Theodore Mans old field . . . 1756. March y® 



1896. J MANN FAMILY. 31 

2nd Ensn Theodore Man chosen constable . . . 1757. March 1, Ensn 
Theodore Man with others chosen Selectman . . . 17 GO. P'eb. 25. 
Paid Ensn Theodore Man the sum of thirteen Shillings and four 
pence for his boarding of School master one month last year . . . 
1761. March 3. Theodore Man was chosen Surveyor of Elighways 
. . . 1762. Jan. 8. Paid Ensn Theodore Man boarding school master 
one month 13 shillings 4 pn . . . Ensn Theodore Man was chosen 
one of a committee to examine the Town Treasurers a'ct — and sur- 
veyor of highways. 

" Ensn Man served 8 months at Boston in 1775 

1/4 Continental Man bought of Jeremiah Blake and not accepted 
by the Town." Walpole Town Records. Showing service of men 
from April 19, 1775, to the 1st of April 1778. 

His name aj)pears in a muster roll of the company in the 
colonies' service, which marched from S. Yv^alpole on the alarm 
last April ye 19, 1775, under the command of Capt. Jeremiah 
Smith in coll. John Smith's Regiment [History of Norfolk Co.] 
Children : — 

Theodore^, b. [ ]. 

RALPH^ b. [ ] ; m. Nov. 26, 1772, Rhoda Metcalf (?) ; 

d. in Medway. 
Seth^. " 1756 Theodore Man child b. April 12. Name Seth. 
The 27th year of my ministry. Sept. 16tli 1756 an account of 
Baptisms Theodore Mans eh. Seth, Timothj^ Elias, Jabez, 
Joseph, Benj: Mary." (George Payson, minister). " Seth Man 
and Susie Dexter both of Walpole, pub, July 15, 1773 " "1778. 
Seth Man paid 1 s. 4 p. to the church." [Walpole Church Rec- 
ords.] " Doer Man served 3/4 month at Rhode Island in 1775." 
[Record of service of men serving in the town of Walpole from 
April 19, 1775, to the 1st of April, 1778.] He was surgeon in 
the Revolutionary army. "Oct. 14, 1778/9 Dr. Seth Man died." 
[Walpole Church Records]. 

5. Daniel^ b. March [ ], 1744. 

Timothy^ b. [ ]. Col. Timothy Man and Elizabeth 

Parker of Roxbury were published Sept. 9, 1770. He 
was a wool carder and fuller. " L* Timothy Man served 
5 months at Ticonderoga in 1776, 1 month in Rhode 



32 MANN FAMILY. [Jan.. 

Island in 1777 and 2 months at Rhode Island in 1778." 
[Record, of men in the town of Walpole in service from 
April 19, 1775, to April, 1778.] 

Jabez^, b. [ ] ; rn. Elizabeth Higgins of Walpole, March 
2, 1778. He must have moved to Roxbury, as he is 
spoken of as Col. Jabez Man of Roxbury. 

Elias^ b. [ ]. "Elias Man served 3 months at Bos- 

ton in 1776, and 9 months at York in 1776." [Walpole 
Record, 1775-1778.] 

Joseph^ b. in Walpole, March 8, 1775; m. Mehitable Bil- 
lings of Stoughton. Published May 28, 1778. "Joseph 
Man served 8 months at Boston in 1775. [Walpole Rec- 
ord, 1775-1778.] 

Benjamin^ b. in Walpole, March 8, 1775 ; m. Mrs, Deliv- 
erance Kendall, Nov. 20, 1777. " Benjamin Man served 
5 months at Ticonderoga, in 1775. [Walpole Record, 
1775-1778.] 

Mary^ b. April ^6, 1757 ; m. Samuel Hartshorn, May 28,. 
1788. He d. June, 1838. She d. April 15, 1833 ; buried, 
in Walpole. 

Margaret^, b. Aug. 1, 1759 ; m. Oliver Ellis, Aug. 28^, 
1784, He d. March 20, 1810, aged 52. She d. Dec. 16„ 
1834, aged 75. 

Abigail^, b. [ ] ; m. Christopher Smith, Dec. 9, 1762. 

5. Daniel QTheodore^^ Theodore^^ Samuel'^^ William}}^ was 
born in Walpole, Mass., March [ ],1744; m. June 9,1768, 
Lydia Smith of Walpole. She was b. in Walpole, April 15, 1746.. 
Daniel Man served in the war of the Revolution. " Daniel 
Mann, Sergeant, Lexington alarm. Roll of Capt. Sabin Man's. 
Co. Col. Greaton's Regt. marched on alarm of April 19, 1775, 
from Walpole, belonged in Walpole. Length of service 12 days.'^ 
[Lexington Alarms, Vol. XIII. p. 5, Mass. Archives.] "1769.. 
March 8, Daniel Man was chosen Surveyr." "1773. March 1. 
Daniel Man was chosen Ty thing man." [Walpole Town Rec- 
ords.] He died Sept. 11, 1776. She m. 2dly Daniel Blake of 
Wrentham ; had Daniel Blake, deaf and dumb, Patty and 
Harvey who d. in Medway in 1847. " Nov. 1, 1768. Ordered. 



1896.] THE AMES DIARY. SB 

tlie Treasurer to pay Lydia Man wife of Daniel Man for keeping 
school." [Walpole Town Eecords.] Children : — 
6. HERMAN^ b. Nov. 10, 1771. 

MiLLY^ b. April 6, 1784 ; m. Mr. Cleale of Dedham, March, 
1805. Their children were Joseph and Nancy. She m. 
2dly, Elias Ware of Wrentham. 
{To he continued.) 

EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 

By Edna Frances Calder. 

{Continued from Vol. VI., page 1^4,.) 
August, 1795. 

5 Owners of Meadow agitated vs Millers. 

6 Capt. Robt Smith came to Summon Meadow meeting 

7 went Falls demanded 70£ of Bigsly for drowning my Corn & 
Grass. 

8 Floods still rising, 500.000 Loads of Hay destroyed, in Dedh. Xeedh. 
& New. 

9 Floods begin to fall. Cut 1^* melon almost ripe. 
10 went Tylers Jammica Plain. 

13 Rain pours steady destroys thousands tons of grass. 

14 The President Washington ratified the Treaty with Britain & 
Hammond the British minister here immediately sail'd for England. 
Washington now defies the whole Sovreign that made him what he is — 
and can unmake him again. Better his hand had been cut off when his 
glory was at its height before he blasted all his Laurels ! 

16 Meadows deeper in water. 

18 Sup. C. Dedham. 

20 W"^ Gay drop'd dead walking the street. 

22 Sup'' Court rise not finished the Docket. 

23 Meadows still a Mill Pond. 

24 J. Bussy & W'" Walker licensed TaV^ Dorchester. 

25 Melons good & refreshing. 

31 Floods receded so that on the edges mowing begins,but repeated 
great rains 1 & 2 Sept. hinders meadows reflooded & 7"^ Sept. more rain 
still raises the water & 8*^^ still more rain. 

September. 

2 Abner Ellis, Jess Fisher & John Miller gone to Hartford to sett 
up line of Stages. 

4 meadows again flooded. Bull of Hartford declares he will exert 
himself to get Custom for middle Line Stages and appears interested in it. 

6 Ellis Richards & Miller returned from Hartford think the road 
very practicable for Stages & the People zealous to mend the roads for 
them. 

12 Crown Circuit Companion— good Book for young Clerks. 

13 water on meadows begins again to fall 5i days from rain. 

15 Benj Duick of Roxbury said to know the best method of curing 
or making good Cyder from the juice 

24 Joe liCwis ought to be yok'd as a Hog & I wish never to go where 
he is untill he is yok'd ! 

29 Sundry Med. & attend<=e on Sick uncharged by reason of per- 
plexities 



34 THE WILL OF [Jan. 

October. 

27 Went Boston with Capt. Pond. Seth Ames &> son here. 
31 Half my Corn yet out in the field devouring by fowls &c. 

November. 
5 P'l Painter 3 dollars. Windows & Doors. 
7 Warm & Pleasant as May. 

12 Xow by a Bank of 100 shares it is attempted to get an Hayscale 
in this Town if any Undertaker to erect it appears. 

19 Ann. Thanksg 

20 No papers bro't Jos Richards fails notwithst'g [illeg.] T. Miller 
rooted him out of Dedham Hackney Coach. 

December. 

1 Fine weather good for cattle & pasture where the feed is not 
cut off. 

Throat Distemper. Cynanche maligna, Scarlatina anginosa takes 
off several Children, vulgarly called canker-rash. 

2 W'" Whitings son W'" buried. 

17 President's speech to Congress, first news. 

Ben RusseJl a great blackguard. 
22 Went Boston in Sley with Miller, very cold. 

24 This Winter is the first that I gave 4s a Load for carting Wood 
from my Lot! 

26-30 Dull, hazy, foggy English Weather 

January, 1796. 
Agents for the Town of Dedham viz D" Isaac Bullard myself & 
D" Jas' Whiting to appear this Session of General Court vs the petition 
of Simon Eliot & o'r's for enlarging Mill Creek & diverting the natural 
Course of Charles river by whicn petition they offer the fairest opportu- 
nity to the Meadow owners to get relieved of floods that ever offered or 
ever will— & I had spoke my passage in the Stage but finding D" Bullard 
contradict himself often for the sake of opposing me & determined to 
mar black & bewray all I could say or do at Court— I would not go & de- 
termined never again to be concern' d with him on any occasion if I can 
avoid it. 

{To he continued.) 



THE WILL OF ESTHER HUNTING. 

Copied by John E. Alden, 

From the original in Suffolk County Probate. 

As very few New England women, in the early colony days, 
left wills, the following, by the wife of Elder John Hunting, is 
interesting, and helps to bring to us some slight idea of her per- 
sonality. By it is learned her maiden name of Seaborn. Accord- 
ing to Dedham records : " 1676, Ester Hunting, deceased, 
4: 3: 76." 



67S956 



1896.] ESTHER HUNTING. 35 

As the will was not presented till 1684 (the custom being to 
present a will promptly), there might be a doubt whether this 
record is that of Esther Hunting, Senior, or of a daughter, or a 
grand-daughter. This is answered by the facts that her daughter 
had become Hester Fisher ; that her son John, who was married 
April 18, 1671, had sons born in 1672, 73 and 75, and no 
daughter until after the above death ; and her son Samuel did 
not live in Dedham. The delay in probating the will was prob- 
ably on account of delay in receiving the remittance from Eng- 
land, to which it mainly refers. 

In the Yeare of our Lord One thousand six hundred & seauenty 
five the fourth day of January being the eleventh month, I, Hester 
Hunting, Sen^ (the wife of John Hunting, Senio^.) of Dedham in the 
County of Suffolke in the Massachusetts Colloney in New England 
(by the providence of God) being now growen into age & finding the 
infermities incidant thereunto increaseing upon me being therby put 
further in mind of my mortallity & sumoned to prepare for my latter 
end, do here make & ordeyne this my Last will & Testam*. of those 
things hereafter named haveing full liberty & power so to do from my 
Deare & well beloved husband John Hunting, Senio^. afore^. there- 
fore in the name & fear of God, I do hereby make my Last will & 
Testam*. in manner & forme as followeth, viz*^, 

I do hereby disanuU & make void all other wills by me formerly 
at anytime made, and comitting my soule into the hands of the Lord 
Jesus, my most Dear Savio"^. & Redemer & my body to the earth 
whence it was first taken to be after my Decease decently burryed «& 
therein interred in Christian burryall at the discretion of those y*. 
therein shall be cheifly concearned. Imp^ I do hereby give & be- 
queath unto my welbeloved son John Hunting the whole & full sume 
of twenty pounds as his part of that Estate, Legasy or portion that 
was given to me by my loveing Brother Francis Seaborne in ould 
England which Legasy is yet due to me to be payd as by my Love- 
ing Brother Francis Seaborne's will appeares in old England amount- 
ing to the sume of Fourtie & five pounds. Furthermore I do hereby 
give and bequeath to my beloved son Samuel Hunting liveing in 
Charlstowne the whole & full sum of Ten pounds as his part & por- 
tion of the aforesayd fourtie & five pounds aforesayd. And I give and 
bequeath to Hannah the wife of my son Samuel aforesayd one payre 



36 TliE WILL OF [Jan. 

of new sheets & my best tablecloath & also I give unto my grandchild 
Samuel Hunting (the eldest son of my son Samuel aforesayd) six nap- 
kins. Furthermore my mind and will is that the fiveten pounds that 
do yet remain undisposed of, as before, of the aforesaid fourtie & five 
pounds the sayd fiveten pounds being devided in four parts shall be 
disposed of as foUoweth, Item, I give & bequeath one fourth part of 
the fiveten pounds aforesayd unto my Loveing daughter Mary Buck- 
ner of Boston, and also my best tainy coate. Item, I give & bequeath 
unto the children of my Daughter ware (deceased) one fourth part of 
the fiveten pounds aforesayd to be eaqually devided betwixt them all. 
Item, I do give & bequeath unto my Loveing daughter Hester ffisher 
of Dedham one fourth part of the fiveten pounds aforesayd & also my 
best gowne. Item, I give & bequeathe unto Hester Pecke the 
daughter of my son in law John Peck of Rehoboth one fourth part 
of the aforesayd fiveten pounds & also my Hatt and my stuff coate. 
Item, I give & bequeath unto Mary wood my maid servant my ould 
red undercoate & my searge undercoat & my cloath wescoate. And 
what doe remayne undisposed of (as aforesayd) of all my wearing 
apparell. Lining & woolling &c. I do give & bequeath unto Elizabeth 
Hunting the wife of my eldest son John Hunting of Dedham afore- 
sayd, furthermore my mind and will is that my dear and welbeloved 
husband aforesayd should have the full use and improvement of all 
the premises as longe as he doth live exscepting what things of my 
weareing apparell he do se cause to give way to be sooner disposed 
of to the p'sons abovesayd. And for the time of delivery of the fourtie 
& five pounds as aforesaid my mind and will is that it should be payd 
& delivered to each one as abovesayd within Six months after the de- 
cease of my Dear husband if it be sent hither from old England be- 
fore, otherwise to be deliuered presantly after it be sent over when- 
ever it do come after my said husband's decease, and if the whole 
sum aforesayd of fourtie and five pounds cannot be atained then my 
mind and will is that so much thereof as can be atained shall be de- 
vided to the persons aforesayd according to their severall proportions 
aforesaid by abateing in each pound what the aforesayd sume shall 
fall short of fourtie & five pounds. Item, I doe nominate, impower 
& appoint my Loveing sons John Hunting and Samuel Hunting afore- 
sayd both of them to be the Executo^'^ of this my last will & testament 
to whom I give all power requisit and necessary for them as my law- 
full Executo''^ In VVitniss that this is my last will and testament I 



1896.] ESTHEB HUNTING. 3T 

have hereunto set my hand & afixed my Seale the day & yeare above 

Writen. her mark 

Hester S Hunting (seal) 

Signed Sealed and Entered in y^ Margent. 

published this to be my I John Huntting, Sen^ of Dedham 

Last will & testament do give my free consent to my 

in presence of wife Hester Huntting to make 

Thomas Battelle this her last will and do 

Thomas Fisher. confirme y® same fully 

Wittness my hand 

his mark 

Exhibited at a John IH Huntting, Sen^ 

County Court for 

Suffolk 

12ffebry 1684, 

A line of descent from Esther Hunting is as follows : — 

Elder John Hunting, born 1597, died in Dedham, April 
12, 1688 ; married Esther Seaborn, who died May 4, 1676 ; their 
daughter 

Margaket Hunting, died Aug. 26, 1670 ; married March 
24,1645, Kobert Ware of Dedham, who died April 19, 1699; 
their son 

Ebenezer Ware, born Oct. 28, 1667; died Jan., 1765; 
married March 18, 1690, Martha Herring, born July 11, 1668 ; 
died Jan. 30, 1710 ; their daughter 

Sarah Ware, married April 29, 1731, Joseph Davenport, 
born in Milton, Aug. 30, 1701, died in Newton, March 12, 1752 ; 
their son 

Benjamin Davenport, born in Newton June 16, 1743 ; 
died in Needham, Dec. 28, 1833 ; married Jan. 26, 1769, Sarah 
Wilson of Dedham, b. Dec. 10, 1745 ; died Nov. 16, 1821 ; their 
daughter 

Martha Davenport, born in Dedham, April 8, 1770 ; died 
in Dedham Sept. 5, 1846 ; married April 11, 1793, Amasa Alden, 
born in Needham, March 29, 1772 ; died in D., Dec. 7, 1857. 



38 THE FISHER FAMILY. [Jan. 

THE FISHER FAMILY. 

By Philip Adsit Fisher, 

of San Francisco, Cal. 

{.Continued from Vol. VI.-, page Q^.) 

48. EzEKiEL, Jr.,^ son of Ezekiel (29) and Susanna (Wads- 
worth) Fisher, was b. in that part of Stoughton, now Canton, 
Aug. 5, 1748; m. 1st, Jan. 10, 1771, Sarah, daughter of Nath- 
aniel and Hannah ( ) May, who was b. at Stoughton, Oct. 
25, 1751, and d. there Jan. 16, 1787 ; m. 2dly, Oct. 18, 1787, 
Anna Horton, who was b. at Stoughton, Feb. 11, 1763, and d. at 
Canton, March 1, 1841, aged 78. He was a Sergeant in Captain 
James Endicott's company at Lexington alarm, and subsequently 
served in the war ; was a blacksmith by trade, and his house, 
built in 1787, in Ponkapoag, Canton, is still standing, the home- 
stead being owned and occupied by his grandson, Charles Fisher. 
Ezekiel d. in Canton, Aug. 22, 1802. Their children, b. in Can- 
ton, were : — 

Mary/ b. May 8, 1772 ; m. 1st, Elijah Crane, Jr., Dec. 6, 

1737; moved to Maine; m. 2dly, Abner Tibbetts, of 

Exeter, Me. 
George,' b. Dec. 25, 1774; m. Lois Vose Ward, of Milton. 
Elias,' b. Feb. 3, 1777 ; m. Hannah Carver ; res. Taunton. 
Alexander,' b. Dec. 2, 1780; m. Clara Tucker, Sept. 

26, 1816. 
Sarah,' b. April 21, 1783 ; m. Elijah Skinner, and moved 

to Corinth, Me. 
Nathan,' b. March 6, 1785; m. 1st, Mary Johnson ; 2dly, 

Maria Carpenter, of Rehoboth ; residence Taunton. 
Samuel Horton,' b. (by second wife) Nov. 6, 1789 ; d. 

unm. Aug. 19, 1849. 
Nancy,' b. Feb. 14, 1792; m. Laban Fields, of Taunton. 
Eunice,' b. [ ]; m. Justus Pooler, of Belchertown. 

49. Lemuel,*^ son of Ezekiel (29) and Susanna (Wads- 
worth) Fisher, was b. in that part of Stoughton, now Canton, 
Dec. 8, 1754, and d. at Canton, Aug. 23, 1810, aged 55. He m. 
at Stoughton, June 1, 1780, Anna Billings, who was b. at 



1896. J LAB AN LEWIS. 39 

StoughtOD, Oct. 20, 1757, and d. at Canton, Feb. 7, 1827, aged 
69. He lived on what is now called the Dunbar Farm in Can- 
ton. Their children were : — 

Sarah,' b. April 12, 1781 ; m. Henry Stone Bemis, of 

Canton, in 1804. 
JoHN,"^ b. Nov. 10, 1782 ; d. single, in Ohio. 
Asa,' b. July 15, 1784; m. [ ] Waite, of Spencer. 
Lemuel,' b. Feb. 24, 1786 ; a farmer, res. Canton ; d. unm. 

Dec. 22, 1843, aged 57. 
Joseph,' b. Jan. 30, 1788; m. Mrs. Ruth Irvine, June 

13, 1816. 
Anna,' b. Jan. 3, 1790; d. Sept. 8, 1806. 
Ruth,' b. Feb. 4, 1792 ; m. Luther Ingraham, March 7, 

1816. 
Mary,' b. April 22, 1794; m. James Leonard, 1820. 
Susan,' b. Dec. 14, 1798 ; d. in Maine, Feb. 27, 1879, 
aged 80 ; unm. 

(To be continued.) 



LABAN LEWIS. 

At the bottom of page 146 of the October Register, there 
is a reference to Laban Lewis. Laban (b. April 12, 1764, at 
Canton, Mass., where he d. July 19, 1842), the eighth of the 
eleven children of James Hawkes and Lydia (Pratt) Lewis, of 
Canton, was a direct descendant in the sixth generation 
(^Lahan^, James Hawkes^, Jolm^., John^^ Jame^., George^^ of 
George Lewis of Greenwich, England, who after seven years' 
residence in Plymouth and Scituate settled in Barnstable in 
1637. Laban had m. 1st, Dec. 26, 1799, Rebecca (b. April 24, 
1774, d. Oct. 13, 1812), dau. of Philip and Rebecca (Fuller) 
Withington of Sharon, Mass. There were five children by this 
marriage. On Feb. 20, 1823, he m. 2dly, Abigail (b. May 17, 
1771, d. Oct, 9, 1857), dau. of James and Abigail (Puffer) Endi- 
cott of Stoughton and Canton. No children by this marriage. 
In the columns of Lewisiana can be found a full record of the 
descendants of Laban Lewis. 

In connection with the Fisher genealogy now appearing in 
the Register, it may not be out of place to note that Laban's 



40 HILL'S DEDHAM BECOBDS. 

brother, Benjamin (b. Nov. 13, 1766, d. May 20, 1860), m. 
Hannah (b. March 14, 1773, d. June 5, 1833), dau. of Nathaniel 
and Hannah (Baker) Fisher. See Lewisiana for descendants. 

James Hawkes Lewis, the father of these brothers, came to 
Canton in 1745, and bought of John Andrews a farm of one hun- 
dred acres on Cherry Hill, being a portion of the northeast sec- 
tion of the Ponkapoag Reservation ; and it extended from the 
old turnpike (the Indian trail from Boston to Providence) to th& 
shore of Ponkapoag Pond. 

Cakll a. Lewis, Editor of Lewisiana. 



DEDHAM MARRIAGES, 1844-1890. 

A new vokime of Dedham Records, edited by the Town Clerk, 
Don Gleason Hill, under the title "An Alphabetical Abstract of the 
Record of Marriages," 1844-1890, completes the publication of the 
vital statistics of the town from 1635 to Jan. 1, 1891, and forms the 
seventh volume of Town Records edited by Mr. Hill. He began the 
work as a labor of love, in 1886, the anniversary year of the town, and 
has continued it in the same spirit ever since with unabated zeal. 
Included in this series are the Church Records of baptisms, marriages 
and deaths, 1638-1845, published in 1888, and the Early Records of 
the Town Meetings and Selectmen, 1636-1673, issued in 1892 and 
1894. Only those who have undertaken the actual work of compiling 
such records can realize the exhausting labor and painstaking care 
necessary in making accurate transcripts, and in doing the proper 
editorial work ; and it is not too much to say that Mr. Hill's work 
will stand the most critical test in these particulars. Not only persons 
interested in the preservation and diffusion of genealogical and his- 
torical material, but the people of Dedham owe Mr. Hill a debt of 
gratitude for his unselfish devotion to their interests. 

Queries. 

1. Who was Priscilla Clarke (Register, II. 109), who man 
Nathaniel Colburn, July 25, 1639.? Was she a sister or dau. of Joseph 
Clarke, Dedham, 1642.? 

Can any one give me information about Daniel Pond, b. about 
1630, and who had children b. in Dedham as early as 1652 ? His aunt 
was a Belcher, and she lived with him at Dedham. 

Ellen Dunlap Hopkins, 200 West 23d Street, N. Y. 

2. Who was Elizabeth Wheaton, the 1st wife of Ebenezer Newell, 
b. Oct. 18, 1736, d. Feb. 28, 1797? 

Mrs. M. W. Davenport, 212 East 16th Street, N, Y. 



Vol. V. 43, halfway down the page, for Nantucket, read Nantasket.. 



STEARNS BROTHERS, 

frpsdpai^ce, 



Fire^ Life^ Accident^ 
Employers' Lidbility^ Tornado^ 
Bents^ Leases^ Leasehold Interests 



lostiring, DWELLINGS AND HOUSEHOLD EFFECTS, 
""■"■ STABLES, HORSES, VEHICLES, 
HAY AND GRAIN A SPECIALTY. 



PROPER FORMS.- - LOWEST RATES. 



^epFeieipt ©eadiipg dtoek ^ fif ataal ©o§, 



LOSSES PROMPTLY ADJUSTED, 

OFFICES : 

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Graduated and Registered 

High. Street, Dedham. 

THE HELIOTYPE PRINTING CO. 

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ILLUSTRATIONS PRODUCED BY THE MOST APPROVED PHOTO- 
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LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 

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FOLDED ANCESTRAL CHART. 

By JULIUS H. TUTTLE. 

Published under the auspices of the Dedham Historical Society. 

"Mr, Tuttle's device is a circular chart of stout jute paper, folded in sectors, and com- 
pactly secured in a trian}i;ular cover (7x16). When fuUv spread out, it is thirt>-two inches 
in diameter, and presents the entire ancestry to the eye at once. Ordinarily, when in 
use, only two sectors are exposed in the same manner as the pap;es of a book; but the 
whole may be quickly and conveniently drawn out, like a fan, for ready reference to any 
part Spaces for the names of ancestors and dates of births, marriages and deaths are 
given, and room for additional notes is found on the back of the sheet. This chart is 
very simple, easily manipulated, and shows the direct connection with any ancestor. 
Copyrighted." (New Eng. Hist. & Gen. Eeg., Oct., 1895, p. 4G9.) 

3F»rice, $1.00. 



RECORDS SEAECITED 

For Genealogical Information. 

Address Miss (J. C. Hew ins, Dedham, Mass. 



©l)c IDeMjam Sraiiscdpt 



Is issued every Saturday morning, and is the only paper in the County 
giving the proceedings of the Civil and Criminal terms of Court held 
in the shire town. Especial attention is also given to the doings in 
the Probate and Insolvency Courts. Faithful correspondents in 
nearly every town in the County keep tlie reader posted on the local 
happenings from week to vyeek, which will be found of especial 
interest to residents, as well as to those of Norfolk County who have 
migrated to distant parts of the country. 

The subscription price is Two Dollars a Year, in advance, in- 
cluding postage. 

H. II. McQUILLET^, 

Publisher. 
Dedham, Mass., July 1, 1S95. 



[VOL. VII. 




April, 1896. 




:eVBUSHED BY TAB 

DEDMAM MI STORICAL SOCIETY 



DEDrtAM, A\A5SACMVSETTS.. 



JULIUS H. TUTTLE, Editor. 

Associate Editors, 

HAERIET T. BOYD, . . . EDNA F. CALDER. 

Business Makager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



CONTENTS FOR APRIL, 1896; 

ILLUSTRATION. 

The Avery School, Frontispiece. 

THE AVERY SCHOOL, DEDHAM, ...... 41 

CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD, . . Mrs. George F. Fisher. 43 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. (To he continued.) . 48 

Carlos Slafter. 

PARTRIDGE FAMILY, .... Lyman Partridge. 51 

CARRIAGES BEFORE 1776, .... G. W. Ernst. 57 

MANN FAMILY, DEDHAM BRANCH 60 

Mrs. Anna M. Fickford. 

DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION. {To he continued.) . . 65 

, Joseph H. Lathrop. 

STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON) BIRTHS, William B. Mann. 70 

WILL OF ELDER JOHN HUNTTING, 72 

THE FISHER FAMILY, Philip A. Fisher. 76 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. (Tohecont) Edna F. Colder. 77 

DEDHAM HISTORICAL SOCIETY, Annual Report. . . 79 

QUERY, 82 



Al] literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1.00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 



Printed at the office of the Dedham Transcript. 



Entered at the Post Office, Dedham, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 



The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VII. April, 1896. No. 2. 

THE AVERY SCHOOL, 

NAMED IN HONOR OF DR. WILLIAM AVERY. 

^T^HE people of Dedham look back with pride upon more 
-■- than 250 years of public school history. Their rich inheri- 
tance from the past is at least an inspiration to the building up 
and strengthening of the system existing to-day. It was on 
January 1, 1644-5, that the inhabitants of the Town, " takeing 
into Consideration the great necesitie of prouiding some meanes 
for the Education of the youth in o^ sd Towne did with an 
Vnanimous consent declare by voate their willingnes to promote 
that worke promising to put too their hands to provide mainte- 
nance for a Free Schoole in our said Towne." The school 
established in accordance with this vote had its home near the 
Church, partly on the site of the present Unitarian Vestry ; and 
the building served the purposes of the children until the year 
1717. A little before this the people began to build at longer 
distances from the meeting-house, and the growth of little settle- 
ments here and there gave rise to a demand for other school 
buildings. What are now known as the Fisher, Endicott, Dexter,. 
Colburn and Burgess followed in due time. 

On January 29, 1784, the first movement was made toward 
establishing a school at East Dedham. The following petition 
and vote form a part of the record of the town meeting of 
May 27, 1784 :— 

Whereas We your Humble Petitioners which have not an Equal 
Privilege to Sending to School that other Parts of the Town have 
by reason of being so great a distance & the present Schools so full 



42 THE AVEBY SCHOOL. [April, 

we find but Little Benefit of our Proportion of School Money which 
has mov^^ we the Subscribers to Request this favour of the Town to 
Be Set off from the School we now Belong and to Draw our Propor- 
tion of School money and to dispose of it to the Use and Benefit of 
Schooling as the Petitioners see fit. 

Dedham, Jan'^ 29«^ 1784 

Signed by 

Israel Fairbank W^^ Paul Jonathan Daman Joseph Swan Samuel 
Daman Thomas How Thomas How J'^ W™ Whiting Israel Fairbank 
J^' Stephen Whiting Solomon Whiting Joseph Whiting Moses Whit- 
ing Aaron Whiting Abner Whiting Paul Lewis Paul Whiting Joseph 
Whiting J^' Eben^ Paul Lem^ Badlam William Badlam. 

The Town Voted to Grant the foregoing Request, and that the 
Petitioners be allowed to draw their proportion of School Money, and 
to use it according to the Prayer thereof. 

This school did not receive its present name until 1867, when 
in accordance with a report made by Mr. Erastus Worthington, 
the School Committee named all the schools in town. This school 
was named in memory of an early benefactor of the public 
schools of Dedham, Dr. William Aver}^ The following minutes 
from the town records relate to his gift made in 1680. 

28: 4: 80: 

Doc. Will Auery doth tender money Sixty pounds for the incor- 
agment of the latine Schoole in this Towne prouided thier be such 
incoragrat to a schoole as may be sutable of the Townes part and to 
that end to treet with him refering to his conditions we chose Capt 
Dan ffisher and En Tho ffuller." (V., 93.) 

3 10 mo 1680 

Cap^ Dan ffisher make a return of th e trust comitted to him selfe 
and En Tho ffuller of a some of money of sixty pounds giuen to the 
Towne and the Improument for the benefit of a Latin Schoole. 

The returne is as foloweth be it thereby declared that I Will 
Auery Phisision now resedent in Boston : some times of the Church 
of Dedham do out of my Intireloue to the : Church and Towne : thier 
frely giue the full some of sixty pound in money thier of to be Holy 
for the incouragmt of a latin Schoole as shall be from time to time so 
ordered by the elders or elder of that church and select men for the 



1896. J CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD. 43 

time being desiring other hom God shall make able will adde thier 
vnto that a latine Schoole may generally be maintayned thier and 
this to stand upon record in thier towne Booke (V., 95.) 

On the front of the news chool building completed in the 
summer of 1895, a tablet was placed, bearing the following 
inscription and headline : 

1784. ^ AVERY SCHOOL. ^^ 1 895. 



NAMED IN MEMORY OF DR. WILLIAM AVERY, OF DEDHAM, 
PROMINENT IN THE AFFAIRS OF THE TOWN, WHO IN 1680 GAVE 
£60 TOWARDS THE SUPPORT OF A LATIN SCHOOL. 



The frontispiece to this number of the Kegister follows a 
photograph taken by Mr. W. H. Eamsay on Feb. 10, 1896, and is 
used by permission of the Selectmen. 



CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD. 

By Mrs. George F. Fisher. 

This short account relates to one of the inhabitants of 
Dedham whose history is connected with revolutionary times, 
and who has numerous descendants in our town. Captain Joseph 
Guild was born at the old homestead on East Street, May 11, 
1735, and lived there till some time after his marriage to Miriam 
Draper, in 1759. This house, built by his great-grandfather, 
John Guild, in 1640, has long since gone to decay, but its site on 
the easterly side of East Street, a short distance north of the 
Endicott station, is marked by an old pear tree and the hollow 
which shows the exact spot. Passers-by in June may each year 



44 CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD. [April, 

notice the luxuriant growth o£ cinnamon roses, which returns to 
remind them of the old garden that once existed there. Later 
Captain Guild purchased a farm on Dedham Island, now known 
as Riverdale, where he resided, excepting when on military duty, 
the rest of his life. The house is still standing and was occupied 
by J. Lothrop Motley during his residence in Dedham; and 
later, when the estate passed into the hands of Mr. Albert W. 
Nickerson, it was used by his family during the building of the 
stone house where Mrs. Nickerson now lives. Several years ago 
I was much interested in visiting this house with my mother, 
who had not been there for years, and in seeing the paneled 
rooms, the ho-fet (as it was then pronounced) in the corner, the 
low ceiling, bed-rooms and stairway where the boards of the 
steps were worn hollow with the tread of former generations^ 
the house, too, where her father was born, — all of which carried 
one back to what we often speak of as the good old times. 

At the news of the battle of Lexington Captain Guild left 
his farm to the care of his wife, who, with seven sons, all young, 
remained there during the time of his absence in the public ser- 
vice ; and taking command of a company of minute-men, he 
marched at once for the scene of hostilities. It is related that 
meeting a man on the road who pronounced the alarm false, he 
seized and gagged him with his own hand, and left him under 
the charge of one of his own men, fearing the report would 
reach those who would be glad to think it true. He was after- 
wards at Ticonderoga, Montreal and other places, and was one 
of the Committee of Safety for several years. After the war he 
filled many offices of trust, such as Justice of the Peace, Select- 
man, and Representative to the General Court, and died in 1794. 
His wife survived him many years, dying in 18B1, at the age of 
ninety-three. 

A journal is now in the possession of a descendant, Mr. 
Calvin Guild of Dedham, written by Captain Guild during the 
expedition to Ticonderoga, from which I copy some extracts, to 
show the trials and privations endured by our ancestors, of which 
we can form so little an idea. Not to go too much into detail, I 



1896.] CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD. 45 

pass over all but the more important events. The first date is 
March 9, 1776, when starting from Cambridge, he, with his com- 
mand, passed through Dedham, Medway and other towns, to 
New London, Connecticut, whence they sailed for New York, 
where they remained three weeks ; thence to Albany, Saratoga, 
and Fort Edward which they found demolished. 

April 30. Marched through the worst road I ever saw. Rainy 
and very wet, arrived at our lodging about 14 miles. The officers & 
some of the men got shelter in an old hut very poor, and many of the 
men lodged out in the wood. 

Wed. May 1st. Marched about 14 or 16 miles through a hideous 
wilderness & uncultivated way, 10 of the first miles without even see- 
ing a house, & then arrived at a house where we refreshed ourselves. 
The woman of the house had six children under four, the youngest 3 
weeks old — the woman about the house, without shoes in a very wet 
and muddy time. The above way had many brooks to pass, some 
waded through, I & others up to the knees, many fell in up to the 
neck on a very cold morning. 

Thursday 2nd. Took battoes at 9 o'clock went down the lake 30 
miles, arrived at Ticonderoga & lodged in the barracks that night 
where was as grand a French fort as I ever saw, stone wall, bomb 
proof, &c. 

Friday 3rd. Tarried till 4 or 5 o'clk — took water, sailed for 
Crown Point, 14 miles, arrived about dark, took shelter in a little 
house, lodged on the floor, men shurked for themselves, some in little 
huts, some in old barracks. In the morning viewed the fort, exceeded 
all I have seen before. 

Saturday 4th. Sailed for Crown Point 22 miles to a place called 
Split Rock in the wilderness, pitched tents & tarried over night. 

Sunday 5th. Tarried all day with contrary winds, Mr. Barnum 
preached, had one exercise — afternoon came on snow storm. 

Monday, very snowy, wet & uncomfortable, nothing to eat but 
flour & salt pork. 

After sailing several days and accomplishing about 150 
miles they reached a town called Sorrel, lodging in a French 
house on the floor. During the last fifty miles he says " were 
the beautifullest towns I ever saw, I compute at least 200 build- 
ings." The next day, the 10th, they had news that our army at 



46 CAPTAIN JOSEPH GUILD. [April, 

Quebec had been defeated and was on its way up tlie river, and 
would make a stand at Three Rivers or at their encampment, so 
they sent off a large party with batteaux, to their assistance. 

At Sorrel they remained till July 17, several men dying 
meanwhile, and then embarked for Ticonderoga, which they 
reached the same day. 

July 18th. Afternoon & night as rainy a time as ever I saw. Fri- 
day 19th. This morning our tents blowing & everything swimming in 
water. 

Monday 22nd wrote a letter to my wife & one to Ensign Bullard. 

Tuesday 23rd removed over the river into a thick howling 
wilderness. The same day a flag of truce was sent by the order of 
the congress under the command of Maj. Bigelow. 

At this time the army was in a very distressed state, many 
dying and others unfit for duty. On Friday, Sept. 20, he con- 
tinues, " Drawed peas for allowance the first time since we have 
been in these parts. Wed. Oct. 4. First frosty morning." 

On Monday, Nov. 18, they embarked on their batteaux, reach- 
ing Fort George and Fort Edward, and then on to Saratoga, 
where they received orders from Gen. Schuyler, to march to the 
Massachusetts Bay, but only went as far as Albany. Here Capt. 
Guild was detained on court martial duty for two days, and his 
journal, Dec. 20th, says : — 

Received the infection of small pox by inoculation. In the after- 
noon was ordered to embark for Montreal going 12 miles up the St. 
Lawrence that night. On the next day received orders "to press on 
with all speed to assist our brethren in great danger at Montreal 
where we arrived about 11 o'clk. 

Wed. 21st went on guard at Montreal — nothing happened, but in 
great expectation of the enemy. Col. Williams, with a party of 150 
men was sent off to assist Gen. Arnold about 12 miles. 

Thursday 23. Nothing happened, remained in this place in hourly 
expectation of the enemy coming upon us. 

Friday 24. Was reinforced by a party of about 300 men from 
Sorrell. Gen. Arnold was reinforced by a party of 200. 

Wed. 29. Had the pleasure of perusing a letter received from my 
wife of the 20th as also Ensign BuUard's of the 22d. Weather 



1896.1 CAPTAIJSr JOSEPH GUILD. 4T 

extremely cold. The first day I felt the operation of the small pox, 
continued till Friday when ordered to go over the river to Laprairie, 
about 9 miles, when we were belated, night came on, obliged to put 
to a house, extremely ill, lodged on the floor. In the morning greatly 
revived. 

Saturday Jan. 1st. Put off from Laprairie arrived about 10 o'clk, 
tarried all day. 

Sunday 2nd. Marched from Laprairie for St. Johns, 18 miles, sick 
& breaking out with the small pox, arrived about 4 o'clk. Received 
two letters from Mr. Haven of May 5th & Ensign Bullard of April 
28th, perused with pleasure. 

Saturday 8th. Wrote a letter to my wife by Seargt. Stevens. 

Sunday 16th. Buried our friend Lt. Payne at St. Johns. Orders 
to retreat to an island where we arrived about 9 o'clock, with the sick 
only, I myself being exceedingly weak & low. 

Monday 17th. Tarried all day, boats continually bringing up our 
baggage. 

Tuesday 18th. Was ordered with a party to Point Or, \Ye arrived 
a little before night and took possession. 

Thursday 20th. About 60 batteaux with the sick & baggage 
retreating, arrived at & went by the point. 

Thursday 27th. Sailed from Point du Fere. 

Friday 28th. Sailed from Crown Point & arrived on Monday 
night July 1st, about 2 o'clk about 200 miles from Albany. 

Friday 6th [which is the last entry]. Embarked for Haverstraw 
where we were ordered by Gen. Lee to join him in that place. 

Here the journal ends abruptly, but perhaps we have fol- 
lowed the expedition long enough to sympathize with its disap- 
pointments, as Avell as to admire the courage which enabled the 
men composing it to endure such hardships and privations with- 
out faltering. 

This paper was read before the Afternoon Chib, on February 17, 1896. 



48 SCHOOLS AND TEACHEBS [April, 

THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM. 

By Carlos Slafter. 

{Continued from page 10.) 

Luther Richards of Dover was master of the Westfield school 
two winters 1830-1 and 1831-2. Subsequently he engaged in 
business in Boston. On May 1, 1839, he was married to Miss 
Abby F. Wilson of Dedham. 

William Thurston, styled a "very young teacher" by one of 
liis pupils, taught in South Dedham in 1831. He was the step- 
son of the late Samuel Swett of Dedham. 

Also in 1831 or 1832 Ruth Robinson was the school mistress 
in South Dedham. She married a Mr. Maynard of Westboro, 
and removed to the state of Tennessee. 

In the summer of 1832 the East Sti>eet School was in charge 
of Miss Sarah Stowe Clarke, the daughter of Major Jacob and 
Prudence (Stowe) Clarke, born in Dedham, March 27, 1812. She 
was educated at the Wheaton Seminary, in Norton, Mass., and 
at the Ipswich Female Seminary. Slie was married to Ebenezer 
Paul Crane of Dedham, April 7, 1836. With the exception of a 
few years at Newton Lower Falls, she spent her life in her native 
town, where her kindness of heart and uniform cheerfulness se- 
cured her many warm friends. Previous to her marriage she 
taught schools in Richmond, R. I., and Braintree, Mass. She 
died in Dedham, December 30, 1881. 

About 1830 Sarah Ann Montague began to teach the summer 
school of East Street, and continued her work there probably 
several years. She was the daughter of the Rev. William and 
Jane (Little) Montague, born in Dedham, where she was united 
in marriage to Edward Ellis Titcomb, August 6, 1835. " She 
was a woman of strong character and characteristics, much 
executive ability, a true friend, a devoted w^ife and mother." She 
died January 24, 1850, leaving two children, a daughter who is 
now the principal of St. Mary's Hall, Burlington, N. J., and a 



1896. j OF DEDHAM. 49 

son wlio served in the War of the Rebellion, as a Captain in the 
38th Regiment, U. S. Colored Troops. 

From 1829 to 1839 Franklin Crombie was a well-known and 
highly appreciated teacher in Dedham. He began his work in 
the Mill School, and succeeded Mr. Melvin in the First Middle 
District. In 1834 he taught in East Street, then three winters 
in the Second Middle, closing his labors in the Mill School in 
1839. He also taught two schools in Milton, Mass., and later 
in life in Auburn, N. H. He was the son of Amos and Anna 
(Patten) Crombie, born in Chester, N. H., Oct. 25, 1803, of 
Scotch-Irish descent. A part of his education he obtained at 
Pinkerton Academ}^ Derry, N. H. ; but he loved to own books, 
and by their use he largely educated himself, and later in life 
was the possessor of a valuable library. He was a surveyor o£ 
land and Justice of the Peace many years ; held several town 
offices, as Selectman, Representative to the Legislature, Superin- 
tendent of Auburn Schools, and the Moderator of Auburn town 
meetings 15 years. He was a thorough and strict teacher when the 
methods of school management were much more severe than the 
present. He was an excellent penman, and some of his school 
records, still to be seen, are models of neatness and good taste. 
He remained unmarried, and resided in Auburn, N. H., where he 
died December 22, 1875. 

About 1832, Annie Gay, "of venerable age," taught school 
in South Dedham and three summers in East Street. "Was 
very exact," says one of her pupils. She lived to a great age. 

Nathaniel Metcalf Guild taught the Westfield District 
Winter School, 1832-3. He was the son of Calvin and Lenda- 
mine (Draper) Guild, born July 21, 1811 ; fitted for college at 
Bradford under the instruction of Benjamin Greenleaf, the 
author of arithmetics ; entered Brown University, but on ac- 
count of failing health left in his second year, and went to the 
South, where he taught for a time and then engaged in business. 
Later he resided several years in California, but returned to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where he spent his last years in trade. He 
married Mary Messinger of Dedham, Sept. 10, 1839 ; and died 
in Cincinnati, Dec. 7, 1859. 



50 SCHOOLS AISD TEACHEBS. [April, 

About 1838, or earlier, Sopliia Foorcl became a teaclier in 
the First Middle School, and continued several years. She was 
the daughter of James and Hannah (Blake) Foord of Kiiton^ 
and lived to a venerable age in Dedham, where she '-\'as 
respected for her intelligence and extensive reading. She diod 
May 1, 1885, aged 82 years, 9 months, and 24 days. 

Eunice Messenger, the daughter of Deacon Jason and Olive 
(Read) Messenger, taught in the Second Middle District in 
1833. She was born in 1811 and was united in marriage to 
John A. Collins of Boston, September, 1842. 

Cornelia Guild taught the primary department of the Second 
Middle School the summer of 1833. Subsequently she taught in 
Rhode Island. She is the daughter of Calvin and Lendamine 
(Draper) Guild, and was educated at Bradford Academy, then 
under the care of Mr. Greenleaf, the arithmetician. She mar- 
ried John Shorey, a merchant of Boston, in 1833. Later she 
resided many years in Dedham, enjoying the society and esteem 
of many dear friends. She now resides in Boston Highlands. 

For two summers, 1833 and 1834, Rebecca Newell Ellis, had 
charge of the Clapboardtrees School. She was the daughter of 
Jason and Susan D. (Fairbanks) Ellis, born Oct. 8, 1811, and 
was married to Merrill D. Ellis, June 17, 1847. On the 23d of 
December, 1889, she died in West Dedham, where she had long 
enjoyed the esteem of all who knew her. 

The Summer School in the Westfield District was taught by 
Miss Jane Ann Grover three terms, 1833-4 and 5. She was the 
daughter of Calvin and Ruth (Billings) Grover, born in Fox- 
borough, June 20, 1809, and was educated in Dr. Baker's School 
in Dorchester, and Rev. Mr. Blake's Classical Institute in Med- 
way. She taught school in Foxborough in 1836, and in Mans- 
field about 1832. She married David Addison Baker of Dedham 
Dec. 1, 1836. The rest of her life was spent in Dedham, where 
she died much respected, Jan. 21, 1881. 

During two winters, 1833-4 and 1834-5, Josiah Warren 
Talbot was the master of the West Dedham School, and of the 
South Dedham in 1836. He was the son of Josiah and Mary 



1896.J PARTRIDGE FAMILY. 51 

(Richards) Talbot, born in Fayette, Maine, and was educated in 
the schools of Sharon, Mass., and "various Academies." He 
studied for the ministry with a clergyman of Roxbury, Mass. ; 
was ordained by the Boston Association of Universalists in 1836; 
preached in several towns and was last settled in East Boston. 
He was married to Mary L. Bigelow, Boxborough, Mass., in 
1838. Removed in 1860 to South Dedham, where he still resides 
as a respected citizen of Norwood. 

In the winter of 1833-4 William Cleveland had charge of 
the Westfield School. He was the son of George Cleveland of 
Dover, and a cousin of Ira Cleveland, Esq., late of Dedham. 

{To he continued.) 



REVELATIONS OF GENEALOGY. 

An Address delivered at a Reunion of the Partridge 

Family, Templeton, August, 1895. 

By Eey. Lyman Partridge, of Dedham. 

No portion of history is so interesting to most people as 
that which portrays the habits and opinions of former genera- 
tions. If a journal had been kept by Homer, Demosthenes, or 
Socrates, and preserved until the present time, it would be read 
with more interest than the Iliad and Odyssey of the first, the 
orations of the second, or the philosophy of the third. When one 
visits the house in which Shakespeare was born, and walks the 
pathway over which "the immortal bard" is said to have gone 
" a-wooing," and passes through the rooms of the cottage still 
occupied by the Hathaway family, where Shakespeare spent the 
first ten years of his married life, there is the wish that he 
had left a record of his early years, or that some contemporary 
had written a volume of reminiscences. 

So, as we think of our ancestors, we wish they had left 
records of their daily lives. But the wish is vain in regard to 

Reference to Probate and Registry are to Suffolk, where name of County 
is not given. 



52 PAliTBIDGE FAMILY. [April, 

them, or the bard of Stratford-on-Avon, or the men of ancient 
Athens. Yet we may learn something from genealogy of the 
daily life of those who preceded us. Genealogy incidentally 
furnishes revelations something like those of the daily paper, the 
book of reminiscences, and the diary. It ought to be more than 
a dry day record of births, marriages and deaths. Along with 
these, it shoukl contain descriptions of the character of some of 
the members of the family, in each generation, of their daily life, 
and of the times in which they lived, gathered from various 
sources. This has been done in a few genealogies, among which 
may be mentioned that of the descendants of John Dwight, one 
of the original settlers of Dedham, and the genealogies in 
Tilden's History of Medfield, 

With these facts before us, w^e will now consider the revela- 
tions of genealogy, illustrated in the history of a branch of the 
Partridge family, for two centuries, 1651 — 1851. 

There is a family tradition that two brothers, John and 
William Partridge, with their sister Marger}^, came from Eng- 
land in the fifth ship that followed the Mayflower, and that they 
and an older brother, Henry, born in London in 1604, were 
descended from the Hockham Hall Partridges, of Norfolk Coun- 
ty, described as landed gentry. This ^ is yet tradition. But 
we do know that in 1651, the year after Medfield was incor- 
porated, a grant of six acres in that town was made to William 
Partridge. (Tilden's Medfield.) It was on what is now known 
as North Street, where the house of the Misses Wight stands. It 
may seem that this was a small lot of land to be granted, when 
a large part of Medfield was undivided and uninhabited, but at 
the time of the settlement of the older towns of Massachusetts, 
no large tract of land was assigned to anyone, the law requiring 
that "no houses should be built over half a mile from the 
meeting house, except mill houses, and farm houses of such as 
had dwellings in some town." This law was evidently made 
because of the danger of attacks by the Indians. For the pur- 
poses of mutual protection the families were required to reside 
near each other. But, in addition to land for a house lot, vary- 

' See Address of W. 11. Partridjie, at Partridsre Eeunion, 1893. 



1896.J PABTEIDGF. FAMILY. 53 

ing from two to twelve acres, grants were made of much larger 
tracts of land outside of the settlement. 

The street upon which Mr. William Partridge lived received 
the expressive name of " Bachellor's Roe," probably because not 
only our ancestor, but three other unmarried young men had 
grants of land and homes side by side. This name appears in 
the records of the town, two years after the grants were made. 
(Medfield Rec.) But it soon deserved a better name. William 
Partridge had a sister, Margery, who probably took charge of 
his house. There is no record that either of the other young 
men had a sister to care for his house, though probably each 
had a house. Thomas Ellis and Thomas Mason, as well as 
William Partridge, built their houses as early as 1653, and so 
near the beginning of that year, if not earlier, there were several 
young men owning houses side by side, and in one of them a 
young lady without a husband. There came to pass what we 
should naturally expect. On April 23, 1653, Thomas Mason 
and Margery Partridge were married by Major Eleazer Lusher, 
of Dedham. Ministers of the Gospel were not then allowed to 
officiate at weddings. From 1646 to 1692 marriages could be 
solemnized only by magistrates, or by such other persons as the 
General Court should authorize, where no magistrate was near. 
This was the first wedding in Medfield. How we wish that an 
account of it had been written and kept until the present time. 
But we do know that Margery Partridge was the first young 
lady married in Medfield. 

Of this marriage there were six children, between the years 
1655 and 1669, four sons and two daughters. For twenty-three 
years peace and prosperity were enjoyed by this family. But in 
1676, a terrible affliction came upon them. On February 21 
of that year occurred the Indian attack upon Medfield, when 
thirty-two houses were burned, besides barns and other build- 
ings, and sixteen of the inhabitants were killed. No other 
family suffered as much as that of Thomas Mason. He and 
two of his boys, Thomas and Zachariah, aged sixteen and four- 
teen years, were killed that morning by the Indians. His house 



54 PABTRIDGE FAMILY. [April, 

and barn were burned, with the furniture, " a dozin head of 
cattell " and "many sheep." ^ What a terrible day for that 
wife and mother ! One year later the eldest son, John, was 
killed in the " Indian war at the east." He was twenty years 
of age. Thus in one year, not only the husband, but three of 
the four sons perished at the hands of the Indians. Genealogy 
reveals something of the sorrows and sufferings occasioned by 
the cruel Indian wars. There were two daughters: Mary, born 
1657. married 1677 Abraham Harding and settled in what is 
now Millis. She died 1694, leaving five children ; Mehitable 
born 1665, married 1685, Thomas Tliurston of Wrentham. She 
died 1692, leaving children. 

Thus in eighteen years, the husband and five of the six 
children were removed by death. The mother had trouble upon 
trouble. She seems to have married again, for she was called 
" Margery Stacy, relict to Thomas Mason. "^ In her will, written 
in 1695, she describes herself as " aged about sixty and seven 
years, and being under Bodily Weakness, and not knowing how 
short my lifetime may be." She bequeathed all her real and 
personal estate to her son, and only surviving child, Ebenezer, 
" no part or parcel excepted." He was to pay one of her sons- 
in-law. Three pounds in good current Country pay," and to 
each of her grandchildren by her daughters, he must also give 
five shillings money, or an English Bible. 

She died sixteen years afterwards, in 1711, aged eighty-three. 
Her estate was appraised at 719.18.^ She outlived all of the 
men who came to Medfield, during the first ten years of its 
existence, except Edward Adams. She was a member of the 
church in Medfield. 

The son, Ebenezer, who inherited the home place, was a man 
of influence. He served as selectman for seven years, was 
quarter-master in 1716, and representative to the General Court 
in 1730. He died in 1754, aged eighty five. 

' Petition of Rev. John Wilson, Tilden's History of Medfield, pp. 95, 429. 
^ Tilden, p. 429; Probate, xxix., 281; ' xx., 30. 



1896.] FABTBIDGE FAMILY. 55 

The farm is still in the possession of a lineal descendant, 
Amos E. Mason. Some of the descendants of Margery Partridge 
Mason have occupied places of honor and usefulness. Among 
them may be mentioned Lowell Mason, who did so much for the 
art of music, Kev. Abner Mason, a godly man, once pastor 
of the Baptist Church in West Medway ; Rev. William Mason, 
of Bangor, Maine, and Rev. Thomas Mason of Northfield. 

One year after the marriage of Margery, or in 1654, her 
brother, William, took to himself a wife, Sarah Price, who died 
in two years, leaving no children. The same year, 1656, he 
married Sarah Colburn, daughter of Nathaniel Colburn, a prom- 
inent citizen of Dedham, and ancestor of the Colburns of that 
town^. He was one of the Selectmen in 1666 and 1678. He 
died in 1692, " aged about seventy^." His widow, who was a 
member of the Medfield Church, died in 1716, aged seventy-six. 
His eldest son, Nathaniel, served the town as treasurer, select- 
man and school teacher. This branch of the Partridge family 
continued to be represented in Medfield until about 1835. 

Mr. James Partridge, of Woburn, a descendant in the sixth 
generation, of William Partridge, is deeply interested in the 
genealogy of the family. His son, James Lester Partridge, is a 
resident of Dedham. 

John Partridge, brother of William and Margery, Avas a 
resident of Dedham before he went to Medfield. Land in 
Dedham, lot No. 12, was granted to him, January 7, 1652^. 
He presented bills for services to the town, October 27, 1657, 
and January 18, 1653.^ He was admitted a Townsman, Nov. 
3, 1652.^ His name is subscribed to the Covenant. 

In 1653 he bought the place in Medfield owned by Joseph 
Ellis, on what is now the corner of North and Railroad streets. 
Like William and Margery he came to Medfield unmarried. 
But not long did he remain so. On December 18, 1655, he was 
married at Dedham, by Major Eleazer Lusher, to Magdalen 
Bullard, eldest daughter of John Bullard, one of the original 
signers of the Dedham Covenant, and one of the first settlers of 

^ Register, ii., 109. * Probate, v., 13, 75. 

3 Dedham Rec. 1636-59, 212. ^ 204, 213. ^ 138. 



5Q PABTRIDGE FAMILY. [April, 

the town of Dedham. He came to Medfield in 1651, or 1652. 
His house was on Main Street, opposite Spring Street. He 
evidently regarded his son-in-law with favor for, while by his 
will he bequeathed the homestead to his son, and legacies to 
two of his daughters, Abigail and Hannah, he bequeathed a 
legacy to John Partridge, the husband of the third .^ It was a 
good family into which John Partridge married. 

During the nineteen years following his marriage, nine 
children were born, two of whom, twins, died in infancy. In 
1676, when his sister Margery, residing near him, was so greatly 
afflicted, the Indians burned, his house and its furniture, the 
barn, twenty bushels of corn, ten or eleven head of cattle, and 
two horses.^ His wife died the next year. He bequeathed the 
homestead to his son, Eleazer, with whom he probably lived 
until his death. In his will, he states, " in consideration of 
what I have willed to my said son, Eleazer, he, my said son, 
Eleazer, shall provide for me at all times During my Natural 
life all necessarys needful and convenient for me."^ He made 
bequests to each of his other children, and to some of his grand- 
children. This will, written June 20, 1701, I have recently 
seen at the Probate Office in Boston. The signature is plain. 

He saw his seven children married into the best families of 
Medfield, and in homes of their own, and none more than four 
miles from him. He accumulated a good property. His pastor, 
Rev. John Wilson, after giving a report of his losses at the 
burning of Medfield, adds this sentence, " Much of this I know 
also, and verily believe the rest, for he is a credible person.'^ 
Thus we learn that he was truthful. The people of Medfield 
manifested their confidence in him by electing him clerk of the 
market, and selectman. He did not, in his will, like his brother 
and sister, state his age, but, as William was born in 1622, and 
Margery in 1628, we infer tliat he was born about 1625, and 
was therefore past eighty at the time of his death, in 1706. 
Only Alexander Lovell and Edward Adams, of those who were 
at Medfield when he settled there, were living. He was a good 
and successful man. 

' Tilden, 329. ^ xnden, 95. ^ Probate, xxxvii., 239. 



i 



1896.] CABRIAGES BEFOBE 1116. 5X 

CARRIAGES BEFORE 1776. 
By C. W. Ernst. 

The belief that the founders and fathers of Massachusetts 
lived in poverty, is not well founded. They found an abundance 
of land, food and fuel, and they made good use of their oppor- 
tunities. From the outset they engaged in ocean commerce on 
a large scale, and made important contributions to shipping. In- 
land trade was much narrower, the cost of land transportation 
being high for distant ventures. As late as 1787, when the 
Territory northwest of the Ohio river was organized, the coun- 
try looked upon rivers and portages as the great national high- 
ways of inland traffic, but roads of intercolonial importance were 
laid out at an early day, those between Boston and Portsmouth,. 
N. H., between Boston and Hartford, Ct., between Boston and 
Rhode Island, between Philadelphia and New York, being the 
great inland roads prior to the Revolution ; but a way had also 
been found from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, and after the treaty 
of Lancaster, a wagon road through the Shenandoah Valley to 
the Yadkin. 

Early Massachusetts abounded in farm animals, and the 
Winthrop diary tells us that in 1635 Flemish draft horses were 
imported to improve the stock. For draft purposes horses were 
preferred, and from the earliest time the authorities had to re- 
strain fast driving and races. The vehicle drawn by horses or oxen 
first mentioned is the cart, originally a two-wheel vehicle. It is. 
not unlikely that four-wheel farm wagons were called carts, the 
term wagon being little used in Massachusetts before the Revo- 
lution. In winter all inland transportation was made easy- 
sledding whenever snow covered the ground. 

In passenger traffic Americans were and are averse to walk- 
ing. In Massachusetts the traveller soon tired of horseback 
riding, and from 1675 to this hour a bewildering variety of 
vehicles has been supplied. As Dedham lay on the principal 



58 CARJilAGES BEFORE 1776. [April, 

liiglivvay between Boston and New York, it saw all the carriages 
known ill our history, from the first cart to the Concord coach, 
which is, perhaps, the acme of road wagons. Coaches must have 
been a familiar sight in Dedham before 1700, as Boston people 
used them in their travels. Mr. Thacher of the Old South used 
a coach ; so did Lady Andros ; and before she arrived. Captain 
Anthony Howard had a coach and a coach-house, also a coach- 
house trouble with the Boston selectmen. Nearly to the time 
of the Revolution a coach was usually drawn by four horses, a 
chariot by two. 

When the rich adop>ted the Hungarian coach, the great mid- 
dle class adopted the Bohemian calash, originally a two-wheel 
vehicle with a top. Judge Sewall often passed through Dedham 
in his calash. A calash was safer, also, on new roads, as Gov- 
ernor Dudley was told in 1711, when he had occasion to go from 
Roxbury, via Dedham, to New London. He wished to go in a 
four-wheel chariot, which was a coach with two seats, but was 
advised to take a calash (Winthrop Papers vi., 232.) These 
terms, chariot and calash, were common through the eighteenth 
century, but finally yielded to others. The coach has survived, 
and so has an interesting term which New England added to the 
English language. 

Tlie people soon discriminated between carts, drays, trucks 
and sleds, which were used for freight or merchandise, and 
coaches, chariots, calashes, and sleighs, for travellers or pleasure. 
The Sewall diary of 1705 tells a mishap to Governor Dudley, 
who attempted to cross from Charlestown to Boston over the 
ice. He rode in a sleigh drawn by four horses, two outriders 
leading the way. The ice broke under so much pomp, but the 
governor and his wife, the driver and the postilion, together 
with the troopers, were all saved. I have no earlier account of 
a sleigh and four, but incline to think that the term sleigh arose 
in the seventeenth century, in or near Boston. 

Horses and wagons were kept for hire at an early day. 
Judge Sewall rode to Roxbury in a hackney-coach in 1688, and 
was so thrifty as to pack six persons into the affair. And by 
1718 a stage-coach began regular trips from Boston, through 



1896. j CAERIAGES BEFOBE 1776. 59 

Dedhara, to Bristol Ferry, where passengers might take the 
boat to either Newport or New York. The line was a great 
success, and appears to have made winter trips. It was the first 
stage-coach line in New England ; the only American line of an 
earlier date was the Burlington-Amboy stage line across New 
Jersey, under Postmaster Huddy. The New England line, it 
seems, used a coach from the outset. Dedham, therefore, had a 
regular mail and express service since 1693, and a regular stage- 
coach service since 1718, the latter connecting it with Boston, 
and indirectly with New York. The means of communication, 
then, were excellent from an early day. 

The Massachusetts law of 1737 gives the hierarchy of car- 
riages, from the coach and chariot to the four-wheel chaise, and 
the two-wheel chaise, calash and chair. In other words, by that 
time our people had adopted a light wagon, less costly than a 
chariot, but easier than a calash, and roomier than either. I in- 
cline to think that the chair was originally a two wheel vehicle 
with one seat, and the full form of the popular ''shay." A 
word like shay was needed to distinguish the vehicle chair from 
the piece of domestic furniture. A very light two-wheel car- 
riage, without a top, and built for speed, was called a sulkey. 
Sulkeys were later, perhaps, than curricles and phaetons, which 
were introduced in 1760. A curricle had two wheels, but was 
drawn by two horses. Like the four-wheel phaeton, the curricle 
was invented and named in Boston. 

Steel springs were introduced just prior to the Revolution. 
A wagon vfith steel springs was called a machine in New 
Jersey, but New England refused to adopt the term, though 
many improvements were copied from Pennsylvania, where 
carriage building reached early eminence. But |New England 
adopted the term harness, in its modern sense, rather earlier 
than other sections of America or England. The truth is, 
New England had good leather and leather workers, and as it 
led in light vehicles built for speed, giving the phaeton to all the 
world, early efforts were made to give all vehicles a fine appear- 
ance, and to produce handsome harnesses. By|1750 the tackle 
or geer of horses drawing anything but a cart was called a 



60 MANN FAMILY. [April, 

harness in New England, a harness being made of leather and 
rarely without some ornament. Coach glasses, carriage trim- 
mings, and even coach blunderbusses were advertised in Boston 
before the Revolution. Apparently the chief coach builder was 
Adino Paddock, otherwise remembered by his elms. He was a 
Tory, as was the famous Stavers who drove his mail-coach and 
four between Boston and Portsmouth. The battle of Lexington 
put a sudden end to the Tories and much else, the luxuries of 
travel included. 

The idea that the fathers and founders left wealth in England, 
to embrace poverty in America, is not just. They were well 
content to stay here, and gave early thanks for "unparallelled 
enjoyments," as they said in their thanksgiving proclamation of 
1659. A mere glance at the history of traffic and vehicles in 
Massachusetts justifies the strong terms of 1659. Very likely 
some of the earl}^ coaches that passed through Dedham were 
imported ; but the light vehicle, still characteristic of America, 
is a New England product. In ingenuity, in mechanical skill, 
in materials, and even in the language concerned with veliicles 
on land and sea. New England was generally ahead of the old 
world. From the outset Massachusetts had good roads. With- 
out good roads, how could Judge Sewall have made the many 
long trips recorded in his diary ? The Lynde diaries tell the 
same story. So do the Winthrop letters, and the newspapers 
from the very beginning. Governor Belcher's chariot, in 1743, 
was " lined with red coffy, handsomely carved and painted . . the 
seat cloth embroidered with silver, and a silk fringe round 
the seat." 



DEDHAM BRANCH OF THE MANN FAMILY. 

Compiled by 

Anna Maria (Tolman) Pickford. 

{Continued from page 33.) 

6. Herman^ {Daniel^ Theodore\ Theodore^, SamueP^ Wil- 

liam})^ was born in Walpole, Nov. 10, 1771 ; m. Jan. 6, 1792, 

Sarah, dan. of Capt. William and Sarah (Chandler) Haynes o 



1896. J MANN FAMILY. 61 

Gloucester. Married in Walpole by Rev. Mr. Mory. He moved 
to Dedham in 1797, and engaged in the printing business. He 
had previously been a school teacher. In 1812 he removed with 
his family to Providence, R. I. In the year following he returned 
to Dedham and carried on the book-binding business in connec- 
tion with book selling. He edited a paper called the " Minerva," 
afterwards the " Columbian Minerva." He also wrote and pub- 
lished several books. Among old family papers is the following 
in his handwriting : " Catalogue of the Principal Works pub- 
lished and unpublished, of Herman Mann. Arrainged in 1827." 

I. The Meme7ito Mo7'i. — An essay moral and poUtical, pubHshed 
in the " Independent Chronicle," in Boston, sometime about 1790 — or 
1-2. Author's age from 18 to 20. This is the first of my productions 
pubHshed, or written with a design of pubUcation. Anon. 

II. A similar production soon after, published in the " Colum- 
bian Centinel." Particular title and signature forgotten. 

III. The Female Review, or Memoirs of an American Young 
Lady : who served as a Continental Soldier during three years in the 
American Revolution &c. Her sex being undiscovered till the peace 
in 1783.— A bound vol. of 260 pages, 12 mo. " By a Citizen of Mas- 
sachusetts." Heatons, Dedham, 1797. 

This work was written directly after my marriage, while at the 
seminary, and teaching a public school. I removed to Dedham in June 
1797, for the purpose of correcting press, to which it was put, when 
but little more than a sheet of MS, was finished ... The edition of 
1500 copies was quickly devoured by the booksellers ... I have 
since, at the request of different book sellers and the public call, 
nearly completed in MS. a 2d Edn. . . . This work, as it was, went 
into the hands of the public, without a review, that has come to my 
knowledge." The following notice of the book appeared in " The Vil- 
lage Register and Norfolk County Advertiser," August 27, 1829. 

" The Heroine ; Or Memoirs of Miss D. Sampson, who was a 
distinguished Soldier during the diree last years of the War of the 
American Revolution. This work is to be published by subscription; 
which is received at this office, and by H. Mann, the publisher, at the 
Norfolk Bookstore, Dedham, Mass. All the extraordinary particulars 
of her life, especially while in the army, and which she chose not to 
have published till her decease, are here delineated. The work is put 
very low to subscribers ; and a very liberal allowance to those who 



62 3lAN]Sr FAMILY. [April, 

procure them. Booksellers in any part of the U. States, who may- 
choose to become interested in this edition, shall receive the work on 
as favorable terms as if they were the publishers. The edition will be 
entirely limited to the copies thus contracted for ; that no reference 
can be had to auction sales — which are fast rendering our publica- 
tions, whether of merit or not, scarce and dear. 

([^"For the plan and outlines of the work, see Prospectus accom- 
panying the subscription papers. 

Aug. 13, 1829. 

IV. T/ie Mi/ierva. A news Paper, demy folio, commenced by me 
in Dedham, Dec. 7, 1797. In Jan. 3, 1799, it took the title of Colu7n- 
hian Minerva. — enlarged. Discontinued Sept. 4, 1804. 

In this publication I had no editorial assistance, except the usual 
voluntary contributions. The political state of the times, at different 
periods, were perilous & peculiarly trying to an Editor, espousing the 
republican or democratic cause of his Country. The paper, began a 
year before by the Messrs. Heatons, found a warm and able supporter 
in Hon. Fisher Ames. He even continued his contributions after it 
passed, by purchase, into my hands. But the political character it 
then assumed, rendered both that publication, as well as myself, at 
times, politically obnoxious to that distinguished personage. For an 
example of this, see Minerva of Dec. 6, 1798, under the Editor's ad- 
dress to "^ Federalist'' and " Epamianondes." 

It is true, the name of the Messrs. Heatons were continued for a 
few weeks with mine at the head of the paper ; and that of y. H. 
Adams, in most of the year 1798 . . . This publication, the Minerva, 
closed Sept. 4, 1804." 

Herman Mann died in Dedham, September 25, 1833. Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann died October 27, 1825. Both buried in Ded- 
ham. Old cemetery. Their children : — 

Daniel', born in Walpole, September 28, 1793 ; died in 
New York City, November 30, 1830, unmarried. " He 
was warm hearted and generous, gifted with energy and 
ingenuity ; was in the printing business in company 
with his father, Herman Mann. Afterward he engaged 
in various mechanical labours. Among others about 
the year 181G/17 that of learning the process of manu- 
facturing marble paper. He brought this art to great 
perfection and was probably the first person who intro- 



1896.] MANN FAMILY. 63^ 

duced and followed the business in the United States. 
Marble paper had heretofore been imported, principally 
from Germany." He was the author of the games of 
Historical^ Scripture and Conversation cards. The 
following extracts were copied from his letters now in 
possession of the compiler of this genealogy : — 

Dedham, November 27, 1812 ... I have marbled 
about twenty-eight reams and am now polishing it by 
hand, have a little boy to help me, it is very good work 
for cold weather. We have had a fine Christmas. I 
played two Anthems and four psalm tunes, one Anthem 
by William (Mann, a brother) the other by Madam 
Denmark, congregation seemed pleased. . . . 

Providence, November 21, 1819 . . . I am preparing 
the material and aparatus for the manufacturing of 

playing cards Would you believe me when 

from calculation I say I can take the paper in its 
origonal state, put together, glaze, print and color, cut 

up and pack, ready for sale, a pack in ten minutes 

The coloring of all colors on paper is an art I have 
accomplished in the same manner as it is on cards . . . 

7. Herman, Jr^., b. April 8, 1795. 

8. William Hayes^, b. January 28, 1797. 

Sarah Chandler^ was born in Dedham, July 29, 1799; 
died in Cambridgeport, July 9, 1876, aged 77 ; buried 
in Dedham ; old cemetery ; unmarried. 

Samuel Chandler'^ b. in Dedham, Aug. 10, 1801 ; d. 
March 3, 1802. 

9. Samuel Chandler^, b. Feb. 28, 1803. 

10. Anna MAIlIA^ b. September 7, 1805. > ^^^.^^ 

11. Lydia Sophia"^, b. September 7, 1805. y 

12. Lucia Narcissa^, b. November 7, 1807. 

13. Edward^ b. July 15, 1810. 

14. Franklin'', b. May 28, 1813 

7. Herman Mann", Jr., second son of Herman and Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann, was born in Walpole, April 8, 1895; m. May 
8, 1819, Ruthy, daughter of John and Mary Skillen (Carver). 
She was b. January 10, 1798, in Boston, and d. December 14, 
1858. He d. November 26, 1851: both buried in Dedham old 



64 MANN FAMILY. [April, 

cemetery. He published Mann's Annals of Dedham in 1856. 
Was a printer by trade and succeeded his father in the business. 
He was a quiet, modest, unobtrusive man, but a man of genuine 
humor and goodly native parts. He published the Dedham 
Patriot, and carried on the business with his brother, William 
H. Mann, until March 11, 1831, when the following notice 
appeared in the Dedham Patriot and Farmer's, Mechanic's & 
Manufacturer's Advocate : " The Subscriber gives iiotice that 
the Printing Business in all its branches will continue to be 
carried on by them under the firm of Mann & Tolman." — 
Dedham Patriot, March 11, 1831. Children, all born in 
Dedham : — 

Henry Augustus^ b. June 5, 1820 ; m. Mary Ryder Gage 
of Chatham, February 28, 1850. He d. June 17, 1880- 
She d. January 11, 1889, aged 61. 
Elizabeth^ b. March 28, 1822 ; d. October 18, 1822. 
Elizabeth^, b. Sept. 10, 1823 ; m. George W. Tucker, 
Nov. 20, 1842; d. Nov. 21, 1844. (Their child, 
Elizabeth Mann^ Tucker, b. Nov. 12, 1844, d. Aug. 25, 
184G.) 
Sarah Haynes^ b. July 27, 1825; m. April 14, 1846, 
Benjamin Swasey; he d. May [ ], 1879. She resides 
in Portsmouth, N. H. 
Maria^, b. 1827 ; d. Sept. 1-, 1829. 

George H., b. 1830 ; d. 1832. 

Frances Maria^, b. Feb. 26, 1837. Librarian of Dedham 
Public Library, 

8. William Haynes^ third son of Herman and Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann, was b. in Walpole, Jan. 28, 1797. He m. 
Dec. 28, 1815, Charlotte, daughter of Richard and Mary Billings 
of Dedham. She was b. Nov. 3, 1796, and d. June 27, 1866. 
He d. March 9, 1864. He was for many years organist for the 
different churches in Dedham. Was a book-keeper. Children 
all born in Dedham : — 

Charlotte^ b. May 13, 1818 ; d. Sept. 11, 1820. 

Charlotte Eillings^, b. Sept. 24, 1822; m. 1st Charles 
B. Ewer, Sept. 10, 1843 ; m. 2dly [Charles Russell of 

Hartford, May 17, 1852. 



1896.J DEDHAM IN THE liEBELLION. Q^ 

William^, b. Jan. 13, 1828 ; d. Sept. 30, 1828. 
Alfred Allen^ b. June 17, 1830; d. June 21, 1838. 
Harriet^ b. Aug. 14, 1834 ; d. Oct. 27, 1838. 
9. Samuel Chandler^, fifth son of Herman and Sarah 
Mann was born in Dedham, February 28, 1803 ; m. May 21, 

11827, Sarah, daughter of Joshua and Mary (Ellis) Whiting of 
Hyde Park. She was born March 25, 1802, and died May 31, 
1883, aged 81 y. 3 mo. He died March 3, 1864, aged 61. Both 
buried in Dedham, old cemetery. He was a manufacturer of 
marbled paper and enameled cards, in Dedham, and was one of 
the best known business men of that place. The last years of 
his life were spent on his farm in Green Lodge. 

{To he continued.) 



DEDHAM IN THE EEBELLION. 

By Joseph Henry Lathrop. 

{Continued from X)age2Q.) 

Stevens, Frederick L. — Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Nov. 7, 
1861 ; discharged June 9, 1862, for disability. 

^Stevens, Joseph T.— Co. I, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Oct. 19, 1861 ; 
Corporal ; died at Hilton Head, S. C, March 31, 
1862. 

^Stevens, Nelson Roland — Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 

1861 ; died in hospital at Hail's Hill, Va., March 
1, 1862. 

Stole, Charles— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; mus- 
tered out June 9, 1865. 
Stone, George M.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Strout, Charles W. — Co. C, 5th Reg't Mass. Inf. (3 mos.), May 
1, 1861 ; Sergeant ; mustered out July 31, 1861. 

SuLKOSKi, Charles — Co. G, 7th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 15, 1861 ; 
deserted June 25, 1861. 
^SuLKOSKi, Charles H. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 
1862 ; supposed to have died from wounds received 
at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 

Sullivan, Cornelius D. — Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; wounded at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 
1862 j discharged in 1862, for disability ; Co. K, 1st 
Reg't Mass. Cav, Dec. 29, 1863 ; Sergeant; discharged 
Dec. 28, 1864, in Co. A., for disability. 

Sullivan, David, Jr.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 



66 



DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION. 



[April, 



wounded at Fredericksburg, Va,, Dec. 13, 1862 ; dis- 
charged March 5, 1863, on account of wounds. 

Sullivan, John A.— Co. C, 33d Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 0,1862; 
Corporal ; mustered out June 11, 1865. 

Sumner, Edward A. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 rjos.). 
First Lieut. Sept. 12, 1862; mustered out July -MO, 
1863. 

SwETT, Alonzo— Co. K, 31st Reg't Mass. Inf., Jan. 20, 1862 ; re- 
enlisted Feb. 15, 1864; mustered out in Co. B, Sept. 
9, 1865. 

SwETT, Charles G. — Seaman, U. S, Navy, Dec. 1861; served three 
years. 

SwETT, Samuel H. — Seaman, U. S. Navy, April 16, 1862; served 
three years. 

Taft, Charles O.— Co. D, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Aug. 22, 
1863 ; mustered out in Co. A., Sept. 3, 1865. 

Taft, Cornelius A.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf., (9 mos.) Sept. 

12, 1862; 1st Sergeant; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Talbot, Edwin P.— Co. E, 42d Reg't Mass. Inf., (100 days), July 

22, 1864; mustered out Nov. 11, 1864. 

Talbot, John D.— Co. A, 28th Reg^t Mass. Inf., Dec. 1, 1863; 
deserted July 12, 1864. 

Talbot, Nathaniel H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf., (9 mos.), 
Sept. 12. 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; Second 
Lieut. 58th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 4, 1864; First 
Lieut. Aug. 8, 1864; mustered out July 14, 1865. 

Tangney, Daniel. — Co. B, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf., (9 mos.), Oct. 

11, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Tarbox, George W, — Co. F, 19th Reg't Vet. Reserve Corps, Aug. 

13, 1864; mustered out Nov. 15, 1865. 

^Taylor, John E.— Co. A, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 2, 1861; 

died at U. S. Gen. Hospital, Philadelphia, Penn., 

August 5, 1862. 
Taylor, William N.— Co. A, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 2, 1861 ; 

dropped from rolls July 29, 1863. 
Telling, Benjamin. — 16th unattached Co., Mass. Inf., (100 days.) 

Aug. 6, 1864; mustered out Nov. 14, 1864. 
Teislo, Bruno— Co. C, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Aug. 4, 1863; 

mustered out Aug. 2, 1865. 
Temperley, Thomas — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; discharged May 9, 1863, for disability; 
Co. H, 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 18, 1864; black- 
smith ; discharged May 12, 1865, for disability. 



Terry, Benjamin — 
*Tewksbury, Cyrus 
1861 
1862 ; 



Veteran Res. Corps, Aug. 



15, 1864. 
D.— Co. H, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 
re-enlisted Jan. 1, 1864 ; killed at Petersburg, 



Va., July 5, 1864. 



1896.] DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION. 67 

Tewksbury, John N.— Co. H, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; re-enlisted Jan. 1, 18G4 ; transferred to Co. K. 
32d Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 21, 1864 ; Corporal ; mus- 
tered out June 29, 1865. 

Thackwell, Henry— Co. G, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Jan. 2, 1862 ; 
discharged Oct, 21, 1863, for disability. 
*Thomas, Edmund L.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf.,' Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
died at Alexandria, Va., Sept. 16, 1862, of wounds 
received at Second Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. 

Thomas, William G.— 24th Reg't Vet. Res. Corps, April 15, 1864. 

Thompson, Andrew — Co. F, 11th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 13, 1861 ; 
Musician ; transferred to Vet. Res. Corps, Dec. 1, 
1863. 

Thompson, John K.— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
Sergeant ; discharged Jan. 9, 1864, for disability. 

TiBBETTS, Joseph N. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

TiBBETTS, William R. — Co. D, 4Sd Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

TiLLiNGHAST, Henry G. — Fireman, U. S. Navy, July 20, 1864. 
*TiLLiNGHAST, WiLLiAM H. — Co E, Ist Reg't Mass. Cav., Dec. 11, 

1861 ; killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 14, 1864. 
TiSDALE, Henry W.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862 ; 

Sergeant; wounded at South Mountain, Md., Sept. 
14, 1862 ; taken prisoner at North Anna River, May 
24, 1864 ; exchanged in February, 1865 ; mustered 
out June 9, 1865. 
TiTcoMB, William M. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 

1862 ; wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 
1862 ; discharged Sept. 17, 1863, to accept promo- 
tion. Second Lieut., 36th U. S. C. T., First Lieut., 
Captain, 38th U. S. C. T. 

Towle, Horace E.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12. 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
TowNE, John H.— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 16, 1861; 

discharged Aug. 13, 1862, for disability. 
Tracy, Andrew— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Tracy, Thomas— Co. E, 4th Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Dec. 22, 

1864 ; mustered out in Co. K., June 17, 1865. 
*Treadwell, Nathan C. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 

1862; died at Frederick, Md., Oct. 25, 1862, of 

wounds received at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
Tucker, James H. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Tucker, Napoleon B.— 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 5, 1864; 

rejected March 10, 1864. 



68 DEDHAM IN THE BEBELLIOJSf. [April, 

TuLLY, William— 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Feb. 19, 18G4; rejected 

Feb. 21, 1864. 
Turner, Elisha L. — Paymaster's Clerk, U. S. Navy, 1861 ; Acting 

Assistant Paymaster, 1862 ; resigned in 1865. 
Unglaube, Paul — Co. C, 61st Reg't Mass. Inf. (1 year), Sept. 19, 

1864 ; mustered out June 4, 1865. 

Upham, Franklin— 4th Battery, Mass. Light Art., Sept. 19, 1864 ; 
transferred to 13th Battery, Mass. Light Art., Jan. 17, 

1865 ; mustered out June 16, 1865. 

^Upham, Josiah Virgil— 78th Reg't New York Inf., Feb. 1, 1862; 
consolidated with 102d Reg't New York Inf., April 1, 
1862 ; 1st Sergeant Co. K.; Second Lieut., First 
Lieut., Adjutant ; killed at Gettysburg, Penn., July 
2, 1863. 

Urry, James— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Urry, Urias— Co. B, 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., Jan. 13, 1863; Farrier; 
mustered out July 20, 1865. 
*Van Brunt, Gershom J. — Captain, U. S. Navy ; Commodore ; 
July, 1862 ; died at Dedham, Dec. 17, 1863. 

Van Brunt, Henry— Lieutenant, U. S. Navy, Nov. 10, 1861 ; 
resigned Feb. 15, 1864. 

Van Dorin, Lewis— Co. K, 13th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 27, 1863 ; 
deserted Oct. 24, 1863. 

Vaughn, John— Co. F, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Nov. 29, 1861 ; Cor- 
poral ; discharged March 8, 1863, for disability. 

Waite, Henry S.— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 9, 1861 ; 
Corporal ; discharged May 23, 1862, for disability. 

Wales, Sigourney— Co. C, 13th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 16, 1861; 
Sergeant, First Sergeant, Second Lieut., Feb. 3, 1863 ; 
discharged to accept promotion. May 28, 1863 ; Cap- 
tain 55th Reg't Mass. Inf., May 23, 1863 ; Major, 
Nov. 3, 1863 ; resigned Nov. 18, 1864. 

Wallace, William J. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 
1862 ; taken prisoner at Poplar Spring Church, Sept. 
30, 1864 ; exchanged in 1865 ; mustered out June 9, 
1865. 

Walley, Edwin A. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 
12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Walsh, James T.— Co. L, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Jan. 6, 1864; 
Bugler; mustered out June 26, 1865. 

Walter, August— Co. A, 22d Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 27, 1863 ; 
deserted Sept. 17, 1863. 

Waters, Charles— Co. F, 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 ; 
deserted same day. 



1896.] 



DEBHAM IN THE REBELLION. 



69 



Weathers, Isaac W.— 18th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 1861 



ician (band); mustered out Aug. 11, 1862 



I 



; mus- 
G. O. 

War Dep't of July 2, 1862. 
Webb, Albert C— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Webster, John E. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; Sergeant ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
Weeks, Henry W.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 

12, 1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863 ; Co. F, 5th 

Reg't Mass. Inf. (100 days), July 16, 1864; mustered 

out Nov. 16, 1864. 
Weeks, Nathan O. — Co. F, 5th Reg't Mass. Inf. (100 days), July 

16, 1864; mustered out Nov. 16, 1864. 
Welch, Joseph — Veteran Reserve Corps, April 15, 1864. 



Welsh, 



Reg't 



Whitaker, 



Mass. Inf., March 4, 1864 ; 
57th Reg't Mass. Inf., June 1, 
1865. 

't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.) ; 
mustered out July 7, 



Patrick — Co. G, 59th 

transferred to Co, G, 

1865 ; mustered out July 30 
Lewis R. — Co. C, 45th Reg 

Second Lieut. Sept. 26, 1862 

1863. 
White, Isaac Wallace — 18th Reg't Mass. Inf 

musician (band) ; mustered out Au^ 

War Dep't of July 2, 1862. 
*White, Joseph P.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 

died Sept. 19, 1862, of wounds received at Antietam, 

Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
White, Robert — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 

wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 

out July 12, 1865. 
^Whiting, George F. — Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug 

died Oct. 7, 1862, of wounds received 

Mountain, Md., Sept. 14, 1862. 
Whitney, Josiah B. — Co. F, 2d Reg't Mass. Heavy Art., Oct. 8, 

1863; Corporal ; mustered out July 21, 1865. 
Wight, John K.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos), Sept. 12, 

1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Wiley, J. Emery— Co. D, 20th Reg't Mass. Inf., Sept. 4, 1861 ; 

discharged May 31, 1862, for disability. 
Willis, P'rederick W. — Surgeon's Steward, U. S. Navy, April 9, 

1863 ; mustered out April 15, 1865. 

Wilson, Webster— Co. D, 54th Reg't Mass. Inf., March 30, 1863 ; 

mustered out Aug. 20, 1865. 
Wolley, Frederick J. — Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 

Sept. 12, 1862; deserted at Readville, Mass., Sept. 

15, 1862. 
Wood, Charles— 2d Reg't Mass. Cav., Aug. 18, 1863 ; unassigned 

recruit. 



Aug. 24, 1861; 
11, 1862; G. O. 



16, 1862; 
mustered 

16, 1862; 
at South 



70 



ISTOVOHTONHAM BIRTHS. 



[April, 



Wood, James H.— Co. K, 1st Reg't Mass. Cav., Oct. 5, 1861; 
transferred to Co. K., 4th Reg't Mass. Cav., Feb. 12, 
1864 ; mustered out Oct. 8, 1864. 

Wood, James M.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 

Wood, Simon — Co. H, 13th Reg't Mass. Inf., July 29, 1863; 
deserted Oct. 8, 1863. 

Woods, Albert— Co. G, 24th Reg't Mass. Inf., Oct. 7, 1861 ; re- 
enlisted Jan. 4, 1864; mustered out in Co. D, Jan. 
20, 1866. 

Woods, Henry W.— Co. I, 35th Reg't Mass. Inf., Aug. 16, 1862; 
discharged Sept. 23, 1863, for disability. 

Woods, John S.— Co. D, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Sept. 12, 
1862; mustered out July 30, 1863; 16th Battery, 
Mass. Light Art., March 11, 1864; Sergeant; mus- 
tered out June 27, 1865. 

Woodward, George T. — Co. C, 45th Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), 
Sept. 26, 1862 ; mustered out July 7, 1863. 
*Worthen, George N.— Co. F, 18th Reg't' Mass. Inf., Aug. 24, 
1861 ; died Sept. 4, 1862, of wounds received at Sec- 



ond Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30, 1862. 



Wylie, 



Charles— Co. A, 43d Reg't Mass. Inf. (9 mos.), Oct. 11, 



1862 ; mustered out July 30, 1863. 
{To he continued.) 



BIRTHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON). 

By William R. Mann. 

Mary Richards, dau. of Benjamin and Mary, July 15, 1765. 
Keziah Tucker, dau. of Joseph and Abigail, Oct. 9, 1764. 
Esther Carpenter, dau. of Nehemiah and Elizabeth, March 4, 1766. 
Joseph Morse, son of Josiah and Keziah, December 21, 1765. 
Thacher Clark, son of Nathan and Hannah, February 8, 1766. 
Eliphalet Gay, son of Ebenezer and Mary, January 16, 1766. 
Nathaniel Capen, son of Ebenezer and Abigail, January 20, 1766. 
William Billings, son of William Jr. and Mary, September 30, 176-. 
Rebeckar Withington, dau of Philip and Rebeckah, March 10, 1764. 
Hannah Withington, dau. of Philip and Rebeckah, February 6, 1765. 
Micah Allen, son of Micah and Katherine, August 4, 1765. 
Simeon White, son of David and Lois, June 26, 1766. 
Jacob Hawse, son of Jacob and Elizabeth, July 23, 1766. 
Elizabeth Everett, dau. of John and Mary, April 7, 1766. 
Nathaniel Guild, son of Jeremiah and Keziah, April 24, 1766. 
Mary Hewins, dau. of Samual and Sarah, August 29, 1766. 
Samuel Estie, son of Jacob Jr. and Mary, May 19, 1766. 



1896.] STOUGUTONHAM BIRTHS. Tl 

Elijah Morse, son of Elijah and Ann, January 13, 17G6. 
Eunice Smith, dau of John Jr. and Jemima, March G, 1767. 
William Savell, son of Edward Bridge and Mary, April 1), 1758. 
Mary Savell, dau. of Edward Bridge and Mary, July 29, 1760. 
Chloe Savell, dau. of Edward Bridge and Mary, April 5, 1763. 
Edward Savell, son of Edward Bridge and Mary, September 1, 1765. 
Oliver Kingsbury, son of Nathaniel and Hannah, February 11, 1764. 
Benjamin Farbanks, son of Benjamin and Sarah, April 11, 1765. 
Philip Withington, son of Philip and Rebeckah, Pebruary 10, 1767. 
Eleanor Hawse, dau. of Elijah and Abigail, July 19, 1766. 
Elizabeth Belcher, dau of Jeremiah and Anna, Nov. 25, 1766. 
Oliver Billings, son of William and Sarah, September 6, 1767. 
Hannah Sumner, dau. of John and Hannah, September, 18, 1765. 
Edward Richards, son of Daniel and Anna, November 19, 1766. 
Jeremiah Farbanks, son of Benjamin and Sarah, August 22, 1767. 
Leonard Billings, son of William Jr. and Mary, June 3, 1767. 
Catherine Allen, dan. of Micah and Catherine, March 19, 1767. 
Elizabeth Richards, dau. of Benjamin and Mary, December 26, 1766. 
Hannah Belcher, dau. of Jonathan and Sarah, July 1, 1767. 
William Withington, son of Will™ and Elizabeth, May 14, 1764. 
Nathaniel Withington, son of Will™ and Elizabeth, March 24, 1766. 
Jemima Smith, dau. of John and Jemima, September 11, 1767. 
Joseph Whittemore, son of Joshua and Susanna, March 24, 1766. 
David Johnson, son of Jacob and Marcy, July 21, 17G6. 
David Hewins, son of Benjamin and Sarah, March 7, 1768. 
Elizabeth Withington, dau. of William and Elizabeth, March 23, 1768. 
James Nickles, son of Samuel and Silence, May 10, 1767. 
Benjamin Richards, son of Benjamin and Mary, March 6, 1768. 
Hannah Kingsbury, dau. of Nathaniel and Hannah, Aug. 25, 1767. 
Sarah Hawse, dau. of Jacob and Elizabeth, March 8, 1768. 
Nathaniel Clark, son of Nath^ and Mary, July G, 1767. 
Ezekiel Capen, son of Ezekiel and Mary, November 19, 1766. 
Susannah Atherton, dau. of Uriah and Mary, January 21, 1768. 
[Enoch Hewins, son of Enoch and Sarah, September 10, 1767. 
Susannah Hixson, dau. of Richard Jr. and Mary, September -, 1768. 
Ehzabeth Savell, dau. of Edward Bridge and Mary, May 12, 1768. 
James Billings, son of Benjamin and Sarah, September 14, 1768. 
James, son of Nehemiah Carpenter and Elizabeth, July 26, 1768. 
Job, son of Job Swift jur and Rebeckah, March 12, 1769. 
Abigail, dau. of Josiah Morse and Dorothy, August 15, 1768. 
Otis, son of Zepheniah Wood and Mary, March 24, 1769. 
Micah, son of Micah Allen and Catherine, April 23, 1769. 
Samuel Hewins, son of Doct. Sam^ and Sarah, April 30, 1769. 
Etheridge Clark, son of Nathan Jr. and Hannah, March 4, 1768. 
Chloe, dau. of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, March 26, 1764. 
Esrom, son of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, October 24, 1765. 
Gilead, son of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, March 12, 1767. 



72 ELDER JOHN HUNTTING. [April, 

John, son of Gilead Morse and Deliverance, Oct. 4, 1768. 
Samuel, son of Samuel Payson and Sarah, April 20, 1761. 
John, son of Samuel Payson and Sarah, January 20, 1763. 
Sarah, dau. of Samuel Payson and Sarah, February 18, 1765. 
Meletiah, dau. of Samuel Payson and Sarah, March 1, 1767. 
Eunice, daughter of Samuel Payson and Sarah, April 20, 1769. 
Samuel Bird Jr. son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, June 22, 1748. 
John, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, April 4, 1750. 
Enoch, son of Samuel Bird and Anna, September 13, 1751. 
Elijah, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, June 1), 1753. 
Anna, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, September 8, 1754. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel Bird and Anna, March 17, 1756, 
Mary, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, December 14, 1758. 
Ebenezer, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, May 12, 1761. 
Oliver, son of Sam^ Bird and Anna, April 26, 1763. 
Mary 2d, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, May 18, 1765, 
Sarah, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, April 15, 1767. 
Hannah, dau. of Sam^ Bird and Anna, July 2, 1769. 
Mary, dau. of Ezekiel Capen and Mary, January 27, 1769. 
Submit, dau. of Eleazer Blackman and Mary, August 7, 1765. 
Lucy, dau. of Ebenezer Homes and Jemima, September 9, 1765. 
Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer Holmes and Jemima, February 25, 1768. 
John, son of Joseph Randall and Esther, November 2, 1867. 
Molly, dau. of Joseph Randall and Esther, January 24, 1770. 
Adam, son of Josiah Blackman and Experience, June 8, 1769. 



THE WILL OF ELDER JOHN HUNTTING. 

From the origijial in Suffolk County Probate. 

In the year of our Lord 1684 the fifteenth day of December, I, 
John Huntting, Sen*^ of Dedham in the County of Suffolke in the 
Massachussets Collony, in New England, by the providence of God, 
being now growen into age, & finding the Infirmities incidant ther- 
unto increasing upon me, & being thereby put in mind of my mortal- 
lity & sumoned to prepare for my Latter end, do in some degree 
thereunto for the seting my house in order, & that peace & Justice shall 
be preserved amongst my posteritee do in the name, & feare of god 
being in my right understanding & memory make & ordeyne this to 
be my Last will & testament in manner & forme as followeth, 

Viz't. I do hereby disannull & make voyd all other wills by me 
formerly at any time made, And Comiting my Soul into the hands of 
the Lord Jesus my Deare Redemer & Savioure, & my body to the 



1896.] ELDEB JOHN HUNTTING. Tg; 

earth whence it was first taken, to be after my decease, deacently 
burryed, & therein interred in christian Burryall, at the discretion of 
my Executo^^ herein, hereafter named in this my last will & Testament 

Imp^ Whereas I did give liberty & full power unto my deare & 
well beloved wife Hesther Huntting to make a will, & dispose of those 
things that she have disposed of in her will bearing date one thousand 
six hundred seaventy five y® fourth day of January the witneses to 
which will was Thomas Battelle & Thomas Fisher. All thos things 
given by my said wife in that will, I do hereby conferme her gifts and 
all the legasyes given to my children expressed in the said will, being^ 
fourty & five pounds given by my loving brother Francis Seaborne 
expressed in his will which Legasyes given by my said wife, I do con- 
firme them fully, & acordingly must be disposed of when it cometh. 
Furthermore my mind & will is that after my decease, a true and 
equal Inventory be made of my whole estate that I shall dye possessed 
of, being equally, & Indifferantly apprized, then all Just debts being 
paid, & funnerall charges defrayed, & ten pounds paid to my 
executo^® as hereafter is expressed. And also Twenty shillings I do 
hereby give unto my Louving son Samuell Huntting liveing in charls- 
tov/ne, acounting that I have formerly given and delivered unto my 
said son Samuell Huntting his full part & portion in my estate, then 
my mind and will is that the remayning part of my estate (not dis- 
posed of as aforesaid) shall be sumed up & the just value, or price 
thereof shall be devided into six equall parts. And my mind & will is 
in the disposing of the said six parts of my estate shall be as fol- 
loweth. 

Imp^ I do hereby give & bequeath unto my well beloved eldest 
son John Huntting of Dedham, & to his Heyers successors & assignes 
forever the whole quantity & proportion of two parts of the six before 
mentioned which is a double portion. 

Item I do hereby give & bequeath to my well beloved daughter 
Mary Buckner widdow in Boston, & to her daughter Mary White to 
them both on part of six as aforesaid which is a single portion in the 
said estate, my said daughter Mary Buckner to have two thirds of the 
said single portion, & her daughter Mary White one third part. 

Item I do give & bequeath unto my Loveing son in law Robert 
Ware, Sen^ of Dedham upon the account of his first wife my Loveing 
daughter Margaret one sixt part of my estate, in value as aforesaid,, 
that is a single portion. 



74 ELDER JOHN HUNTTING. [April, 

Item. I do hereby give & bequeath unto my Louving daughter 
Heaster Fisher of Dedham one sixt part of my estate aforesaid 
which is a single portion. 

Item, I give & bequeath to my son in law John Pecke of Reho- 
both and to his eldest daughter Hesther upon the account of his first 
wife Elizabeth Pecke my Louving daughter to them both, one of the 
said six pts or to the value which is a single portion to be eaqually 
devided betwixt my said son in law & his daughter Hesther aforesaid. 
Further my mind & will is that the six pounds my son Robert Ware 
received in my lands at Wrentham, should be accounted as a part of 
his aforesaid portion. 

Further my mind is that each of these aforesaid parties shall be 
paid in any currant Countery payment at price currant as it goe be- 
twixt man and man upon ther ordinary dealeings & not at money 
price, all the aforesaid portions are to be paid, each one, in three 
equall payments within three yeares after my decease, within each 
year one third part of each portion, and the Last third part of each 
portion beforesayed to be paid within the third year next after my 
decease, all the said persons are to receive their portions or paym^^ at 
my now dwelling house in Dedham except the persons Concearned 
otherwise agree. Further my mind & will is that if my Son John 
Huntting can atain sufhciant Currant Countery payments to pay all 
the sayd portions he shall keep all my houses and land to enjoy them 
as his own proper and free estate, if he need to sell any Lands he 
may sell what Lands he please to whom he se meet. I doe hereby 
nominate Request & Empower my Loveing friends Serg* Richard 
Ellice & Thomas Battelle both of Dedham aforesaid, & my louving 
son John Huntting aforesaid all three of them to be the executo'^^ of 
this my Last will & testament, to whom I do hereby give full power 
Requisit and needfull for the full performance of all the aforesayd 
p^mises to whom for requitall of the paynes I give the ten pounds 
aforesaid as followeth, to my sayd son John Huntting three pounds, 
to Sergt Richard Ellice three pounds, & to Thomas Battelle four 
pounds. 

In witness & for full confirmation of this my Last will & testament 
I the sayd John Huntting Sen^ have hereunto set my hand, & afixed 
my Scale y^ date aforesayd. 

(his marke) 

John I H Huntting Sen"", (seal) 



1896.] ELDEB JOHN HUNTTING. 75 

In presence of us 

Thomas Fisher 

John Battelle 

Joseph Wight. Presented March 2G, 1691, 

before the Honab^^ Simon Bradstreet, 

Governor. 
Inventory. 

Dedham, June 11, 1689 
An Inventory of the estate of Elder John Hunting, Senio'^, De- 
ceased in Dedham & taken by us whose names are hereunto sub- 
scribed as foUoweth, 
Wearing apparell of deceased 
Small bookes 

Platters, Candlesticks, Sheers, brass morter Chest, Table, 
Stools, chayers, Cushions, tongs &c. 
Feather bed & bedding 
Another bed & bedding 

Head house, buildings & home lands at home 
land at south playne 

" " Great " 
2 acres Swamp 
Seader Swamp 

lot within clapboard tree devision 
lot near Meadfield 

lot in Robert Ware's hand for lands in Wrentham 
Sundries 



Debts from the estate in currant countery payment 
Debts dues from the estate in money 



;^4. 


6. 


5 


• 


14. 





5. 


14. 


6 


5.12. 




4. 


3. 


6 


100. 


0. 





7. 


0. 





9 
O. 


0. 





1. 


0. 





2. 


0. 





3.10. 





7. 






6. 


0. 





3 


03. 


6 


;^153.03.11 


i:o. 


4. 





6.14. 


2 



Submitted by 

John Aldis 
Thomas Metcalfe 
Samuell Guild 
Presented by the Executors March 26, 1691. 



;^15.18. 2 



An account of Elder John Huntting appears in the Register 
(III. 123-125) for July, 1892. 



76 THE FISHER FAMILY. [April, 

THE FISHER FAMILY. 

By Philip Adsit Fisher. 

of San Francisco, Cal. 

{Continued from page 39.) 

50. AsA^, second son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, April 30, 1745; ra. (pub- 
lished) July 2, 1767, Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel, Jr., and 
Rachel (Pond) Draper, who was b. Jan. 16, 1747, and d. at 
Dedham, Oct. 26, 1813, aged 66. He is said to have been a very 
eccentric man, but he succeeded in accumulating quite a little 
fortune for those days. Their children : — 

Becca^ at South Dedham [now Norwood], Oct. 27, 1767; 

m. John Baker of Dedham, Oct. 31, 1792. [Baker's 

Descendants of Edward Baker, p. 94.] 
Catherine,^ b. at Walpole, Jan. 9, 1770; m. EHliu Onion, 

Dec. 28, 1791. 
Olive,^ d. at Walpole, Sept. 10, 1775. 

84. Benjamin^, b. Feb. 23, 1777; m. Abigail Baker, May 13, 

1801. 

85. Abijah,^ b. April 23, 1778 ; m. Fanny Field, of Attleboro. 

PoLLY,'^ b. ; an invalid many years ; d. unm. 

Sarah,"^ b. April 21, 1783 ; m. Elijah Skinner, and re- 
moved to Corinth, Maine. 

Nathan,'^ b. March 6, 1785 ; removed to Taunton. 

Samuel Horton,'^ (by 2d wife) b. Nov. 6, 1789 ; a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church, Canton; d. Aug. 19, 1849; 
unmarried. 

Nancy,^ b. Feb. 14, 1792 ; m. Laban Field, of Taunton, 
and had two daughters. 

Eunice,^ b. ; m. Justus Pooler. 

51. Eltphalet,^ son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah (Everett) 
Fisher, was b. at South Dedham, June 8, 1747 ; m. 1st, at Med- 
field, by Rev. Thos. Prentiss, Dec. 5, 1771, Judith, daughter of 
Joshua and Anna (Penniman Barber) Bullard, who was b. in 
1749, and d. at Dedham, July 26, 1796. He m. 2dly, at South 
Dedham, by Rev. Jabez Chickering, March 15, 1797, Relief, 



1896.] THE AMES JDIABY. 77 

daughter of Ebenezer and Mercy Blake, who was b. at Dorches- 
ter, Aug. T, 1768, and d. at Dedham, Aug. 23, 1844, aged 76. 
Mrs. Judith Fisher joined the South Dedham Church, Sept. 18, 
1785 ; Mrs. Eelief Fisher joined Nov. 7, 1802. He was a mem- 
ber of Capt. Sabin Mann's company, from Medfield, at Lexing- 
ton alarm, serving twelve days, and also at other times during 
the war. He d. at South Dedham (now Norwood), April 26, 
1819, aged 72. Children were :— 

Elpihalet,' b. Medfield, March 22, 1773 ; d. at South 

Dedham, Sept. 19, 1796, unm. 
Judith,' b. Medfield, Feb. 20, 1775 ; m. Oliver Fisher (74), 

Nov. 27, 1793. 
Olive,' b. Dedham, June 18, 1777 ; m. William Ellis, Jr., 

May 27, 1798. 
Obed,' b. March 23, 1784; d. Nov. 14, 1785. 
Nabby,' b. Sept. 29, 1787 ; m. Lewis Morse, of Dedham, 

in 1812. 
Betsey Blake,' (by second wife), bapt. July 17, 1802 ; 
m, Lewis Gould, of Sharon, Jan. 5, 1829. 
{To he continued.) 



EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 

By Edna Frances Calder. 

{Continued from page 34) 
February, 1796. 

3 good Snow to repair Sleying. Willard Gay's house burnt. 

12 Bo't Sley Harness of Tucker 11 doP. 29^^ geef at Kichards 58^^ 
Beef Wm Mason, jr. 

13 S. Shuttleworth from Windsor with B. (Sley lay heavily.) 

15 Debt of United States to France transfer'd to Ja' Swan amount- 
ing to 

18 Deby, Mrs. Shuttleworth p'^ Dr Sprague 30<ioi in pt for medical as- 
sistance, while I her Brother might expect such encouragem*. 

22 We paid off Debby all I ow'd her sett* of Estate ! 

24 Went Boston Milton Stage. Committ, Quorum on being requested 
thereto. 

25 With Crane Esq. admitted John Fuller a poor Pris- to Oath 

26 Ink 2<i day after mix' t— no Gum in it. 

27 fix'd new Ink taking old for menstruum, this is it new mix'd, 
this next day, but half the quantity of copperass yet put in ! how? 

28 Petition of Meadow Owners in Koxbury Dedham Kewton & 
Needham Pass'^ both Houses & order of notice thereon to be published 



78 THE AMES DIARY. [April, 

3 weeks in the Chronicle 30 days before the 2"'i Wednesday of next Ses- 
sion of Court, to show cause why they should not be incorporated,— 60 
Subscribers. It seems extraord'y that G. Court grant Pittsfield prop^ of 
Water pipes to break thro private lands— & wont allow Meadow holders 
to break thro' Milldams that ruin them ! 

March. 

On Mr. Livingston's motion in Congr. to request the President to 
lay before them all Papers & instructions' relating to the Treaty with 
Britain— which involved the fate of the Treaty— a great majority, the 
true Patriots, were for it, i. e. the motion & with the People reprobating 
the Treaty! important discussions on the occasion. 

April. 

1 Strength of Parties in Cong, try'd on Livingston's motion. 

4 Adams all the Votes but 4 for Governor here & most of the 
Towns heard from. 

6 President refuses the request of the House for Treaty Papers, & 
appoints Com""^ to meet the British for Courts unknow to Fedi Constitu- 
tion & appoints a Son of a liefugee a Conspirator one of the high Com- 
mission Court. 

16 Betsy Billings died sudden Cynanche maligna. 

20 Lydia Billings died of Cynanche maligna, distressed house at Jos. 
Billings. I attend twice a day, near all the rest sick. 

30 On their loose Rec* p<i the Judges of C. C. P. 69 dol. Entries 
Paid Crier 13'^ 15« allowed him more than he ought to have. 

30 (Cont'd) When I paid the Crier his 13d»i IS-^ I told him that my 
present allowance of 15 cents on the neither Party entries on the Docket, 
should not be drawn into a precedent— And as I since find that he has 
sponged out of considerable part of my fees I am resolved never 
again to allow only under the Titles the Law gives him!!! his fees near 
equal the Judges. 

May. 

2 Priests made Politicians by Boston Torys. 

The Treaty fish swallowed Tail foremost! by Congress. 
The President is a Rebel against Gen^ \Vashington & United 
States. 

21 Meadows flooded & long continuance of foul W. 

June. 

6 I cannot attend to farm, only physick & my official business which 
takes up all my time— and keeps me Slave to the public while good part 
of the small fees escape me yet am envied tor getting too much !! 

8 Bo't of Com'" on the buildings Norfolk one hew'd stone & another 
very square & a few boards for Punch that cost a Dollar— dear. 

9 Federal Government become near as arbitrary as any European, 
the worst Tories & Conspirators with English caressed. 

18 Committee on S. Eliot's & o'r's p't'n against diverting the course 
of Charles river part arriv'd Dedham 

23 Getting Hay, grand prospect upland. 

30 rather bad makini^ but never was the higher lands so covered 
with Grass. The Road affords better feed than usually pastures havp— 
if the Meadows totally fail the upland equallizes the whole. And the 
Committee of both Houses on Charles river & meadows hope will help 
us to reap part of the blessings of the River & if they clear'd for fish we 
might rejoice in the restoration of the bounties of I^ature thereby. 



1890.] DEDHAM HISTOBIGAL SOCIETY. ^Q, 

DEDHAM HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Annual Meeting, March 18, 1896. 

The annual meeting was held in the Society's building on 
Wednesday evening, March 18, the President, Don Gleason 
Hill, in the Chair. 

The officers elected for tlie ensuing year were : Don Gleason 
Hill, President; Erastus Worthington, Vice-President; John 
H. Burdakiij, Librarian ; Julius H. Tuttle, Corresponding Sec- 
retary ; Harriet T. Boyd, Recording Secretary ; George W. 
Humphrey, Treasurer. Curators: — Don Gleason Hill, Erastus 
Worthington, John PI. Burdakin, Henry W. Pichards, A. Ward 
Lamson, Carlos Slafter. 

REPORT OF THE CURATORS. 

The Curators of the Dedham Historical Society herewith submit 
their annual report. 

The register of visitors to the rooms of the society since March 
1, 1895, shows three hundred and fifty-one names. Nearly all of 
them were from other States of the Union, while a few were from 
other countries. This is sure evidence that a historical collection 
like ours has a peculiar interest beyond mere curiosity, for strangers 
coming to Dedham, which ought to inspire a more widespread interest 
among our townspeople. 

There have been a few contributions of local historical interest 
to our cabinet which deserve to be mentioned. 

1. A silver snuff box formerly owned by Jerusha Billings of 
Stoughton, born Jan. 3, 17GG, and who married Roger Sumner, the 
grandfather of the late Myrick P. Sumner of Dedham, presented by 
his widow, Mrs. M. P. Sumner. 

2. A wood cut from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper of 
June 26, 1875, entitled "Robert Steele of Dedham, Drummer, and 



80 DEDHAM HISTOBICAL SOCIETY. [April, 

Parks of Cambridge, Fifer, playing Yankee Doodle on the Fortifica- 
tions at Breeds Hill on the morning of June 17, 1875, " 

The evidence upon which the truth of this incident depends, is 
the statement made by Robert Steele himself in 1825, and cited in 
Frothingham's History of the Siege of Boston, p. 178. Robert 
Steele was enrolled as drummer June 6, 1775, in Doolittle's Regi- 
ment, Capt. Abel Wilder's Company. His commanding officer in the 
battle was Maj. Moore. He afterwards served in the Continental 
Array for five years as drum major. He married Lydia Williams of 
Dedham, June o, 1806. He was described as a pump and block 
maker, and lived on High Street, West Dedham, where he died June 
29, 1833. 

3. Reproduction of a silhouette of Sarah (Richards) Lawrence, 
supposed to have been cut about 1815, from Dr. Samuel A. Green. 
Mrs. Lawrence was the daughter of Giles and Sarah (Adams) Rich- 
ards, who came to Dedham in 1816 where they resided until his 
death, June 3, 1829. She was married to Amos Lawrence, the dis- 
tinguished Boston merchant and manufacturer, June 6, 1811, and died 
in Dedham, June 14, 1819. Giles Richards resided in the house now 
occupied by Pvliss Frances M. Baker on High Street, Upper Village. 
See anfe, VI, 132. 

4. An oil portrait (copy) of Dr. Jeremy Stimson from his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Charlotte A. Kissel, of New York. Dr. Stimson was born 
in Hopkinton, came to Dedham about 1809, and for many years was 
a leading physician and citizen of the town. He was the President 
of the Dedham Bank from Feb. 14, 1834, to Feb, 7, 1865, or thirty- 
one years. He died in Dedham, Aug. 12, 1869. 

5. A photographic copy of an oil portrait of the Hon. John Endicott 
of Dedham, presented by his grandson, Benjamin Weatherbee, Esq. 

Mr. Endicott was born in Canton, Feb. 14, 1764, and died in 
Dedham, Jan. 31, 1857. He lived on East Street in the house now 
owned and occupied by Mr. Weatherbee. He held many public 
offices and was always an active and influential citizen of the town. 
He was a Representative to the General Court from 1805 to 1814 
inclusive, and again in 1816, 1830 and 1834, in all thirteen years. 
He was a Senator, 1817 to 1819 inclusive, and in 1831 to 1833 in- 
clusive, in all six years. 

He was a member ot the Constitutional Convention of 1820 and 



1896.] DEDHAM HISTOIUGAL SOCIETY. 81 

a Presidential Elector in 1824, ?Ie was a member of the Executive 
Council from 1827 to 1830, in all three years. 

He was chosen deacon of the church in 1833, and held that office 
many years. He was the first President of the Norfolk Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company. 

It will be ten years next October since the Society's building was 
begun. No one anticipated the rapid growth of our historical col- 
lection which has since been realized. But in the original plan and 
construction of the basement, its future use as a suitable room for 
setting up and arranging a portion of our collection was contemplated. 
Every foot of available space in the room above has now been 
utilized, and the need of more room has become imperative. The 
Curators have therefore determined to finish the basement, and have 
contracted for beginning the work immediately. When completed, 
the society will have an additional room affording about three fourths 
as much space as the present main hall, which will be well lighted, 
free from dampness, and sufficiently warmed, and will be provided 
for by a reasonable outlay. 

Erastus Worthington, 

Iwr the Curator's. 

REPORT OF THE LIBRARIAN. 

During the past year there have been added to the library one 
hundred and twenty-five volumes, and two hundred and eighty-two 
pamphlets. Included in these were forty-two volumes from Hon. 
Winslow Warren, and eighteen volumes from Mr. William R. Mann 
of Sharon. 

John H. Burdakin, 

Librarian. 

REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT. 

During the past year meetings of the society have been held as 
follows : March 6. The annual meeting at which the usual reports 
were read, and the officers of the society elected. No meeting was 
held in April. May 1, Hon. Edward L. Pierce gave us a paper upon 
his recollections of John Bright, Kossuth and Garibaldi. June 5 no 
special paper was read, but the time was 'taken up in general conver- 
sation and discussion of local interest. After the usual summer va- 
cation no meeting was held in October, but November 13, a meeting 



82 DEDHAM HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

was held when the matter of fitting up the room under the main hall 
was left with the curators. December 4, Mr. Worthington read a 
paper upon Mary Draper, a patriot woman of Dedham durin^j the 
American Revolution,which was published in our Register. January 
1, Mr. Worthington gave an address on Robert Steele of Dedham, a 
drummer at the battle of Bunker Hill. February 5, no special paper 
was read, but the time was occupied with conversation on matters of 
local interest. As stated in the Curators report, a contract has been 
made to finish off another large room down stairs. This will give us 
the much needed space for the books which have been collected, and 
which, though valuable, are not in so much demand for constant use 
as the genealogies and local histories. It will also enable us to make 
a better display of many articles of interest which cannot be placed 
in the main hall. The library has outgrown its quarters in this room, 
and for a considerable time it has been quite impossible to properly 
arrange the new books which have been added to the library. 

During the past year the town has added another volume to the 
published records of the town, the Abstract of Marriages, 1844-1890. 
Now all the births, marriages and deaths of the town from the begin- 
ning to 1891 are in print, and I hope we may be able to continue the 
publication of the ancient records, which, as I have repeatedly said, 
furnish the best material for our town history. The rooms of the 
society have not been opened as much during the past year because 
the President and other officers who have formerly taken charge have 
been engaged with other matters, but we hope when the new room is 
ready not only the officers but the members will take hold with re- 
newed interest and help put our collection of books, and also of 
curios, in convenient arrangement, both for use and exhibition. 
During the past year the Caroline E. C. Howe legacy, or the larger 
part of it, has been received, and it is with this that we are enabled 
to fit up our new room. I hope we shall so commend ourselves to 
the people that others may see that we will be good stewards of what 
ever may be entrusted to our care. 

Don Gleason Hill, 

Preside?it. 

Query. 

Wanted : Parentage and ancestry of Mehitable Farrington, on 
Hartshorn, wife of Nathaniel Guild, m. 1705-G; of Mehitable Price, | 
wife of Silas Morse, m. 1758 ; of Benjamin Aldridge and Mary 
Shaw, m. 1721; of Abigail Ayer, or Ager, wife of Nathaniel Coney,j 
m. 1711. 



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FOLDED ANCESTRAL CHART. 

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Published under the auspices of the Dedham Histoi^ical Society. 

"Mr. Tuttle's device is a circular cliart of stout jute paper, folded in sectors, and com- 
pactly secured in a triangular cover (7x16). When fully spread out, it is thirty-two inches 
in diameter, and presents the entire ancestry to the eye at once. Ordinarily, when in 
use, only two sectors are exposed in the same manner as the pages of a book; but the 
whole may be quickly and conveniently drawn out, like a fan, for ready reference to any 
part Spaces for the names of ancestors and dates of births, marriages and deaths are 
given, and room for additional notes is found on the back of the sheet. This chart is 
very simple, easily manipulated, and shows the direct connection with any ancestor. 
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Is issued every Saturday morning, and is the only paper in the County 
giving the proceedings of the Civil and Criminal terms of Court held 
in the shire town. Especial attention is also given to the doings in 
the Probate and Insolvency Courts. Faithful correspondents in 
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Associate Editoks, 

HARRIET T. BOYD, . . . EDNA F. CALDER. 

Business Manager, . . . M. GARDJ^ER BOYD. 

CONTENTS FOK JULY, 1896. 

ILLUSTRATIO]Sr. 

Hannah Adams, Frontispiece. 

HANNAH ADAMS, 83 

PARTRIDGE FAMILY, . . . . • Lyman Partridge. 100 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. {To I e continued.) . 106 

Carlos Slafter. 

REMINISCENCES OF THE OLD DRAPER HOUSE, . . 109 

Dora Biley, 

DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION, Ill 

Joseph H. Lathrop. 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {Tolecoyit.) Edna F. Colder. 115 
THE FISHER FAMILY, . . . . . Philip A. Fisher. 117 

STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON) BIRTHS, William B. Mann. 119 
POWDER HORN OF CAPT. LEWIS COLBURN, ... 122 
QUERY, Joel Metcalf's Ancestors, 122 



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^ru^c^^K'^^^^a^ 



The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. VII. July, 1896. No. 3, 

HANNAH ADAMS. 

By Mrs. Olive M. Tilden. 

^T^HE papers relating to Miss Adams which have appeared of 
-'- late ill various periodicals dwell, as entirely proper, upon 
those phases of her life which are of more general or public inter- 
est. In this paper, written for our local Women's Club, it will 
natura% be expected that matters relating to her which are of 
specially local interest will be emphasized somewhat. In the 
dates given herewith, as well as in the facts stated, which in any 
degree differ from those elsewhere published, it is proper to say 
that a careful search of records and of other sources of authority 
has been made, and it is believed that they are entirely reliable. 

Hannah Adams, the historian, the first American Woman 
whose learning and literary ability were generally recognized, 
was born in Medfield, Oct. 2, 1755. She was in the fifth gener- 
ation from Lieut. Henry Adams, one of the pioneers of Medfield, 
who was killed in the doorway of his house by the Indians, on 
the morning when they burned the town. His picturesque old 
homestead was on the present Elm Street, near Mill Brook, and 
is marked by the ancient horse-block and whipping-tree, which 
are near it. She was a distant relative of President Adams. 

Her grandfather, Thomas Adams, inherited a part of the 
original Adams farm, and built the house in which Hannah wa& 
born, about the year 1715. It stood on what is now known as 
the *' Steele Place," about sixty rods west of the ancestral home- 
stead. He was an energetic and thrifty farmer ; by great Indus- 
try and economy amassing considerable wealth, being, as is said,, 

A paper presented to the Medfield Women's Club, and read at fhc 
Hannah Adams memorial gathering, May 15, 1896. 



84 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

one of the largest land-owners in town. He had also a compe- 
tence in money. When lie died at the age of seventy-five, he 
gave all his money and land, with a few small exceptions, to his 
only son, Thomas Adams, Jr., father of the subject of this 
sketch. Hannah's mother was Elizabeth Clark, in the fifth gen- 
eration from Joseph Clark, also one of the pioneers of this town. 
Hannah Adams was thus distinctly of Medfield origin. Her 
ancestors intermarried also with the town families, so that be- 
sides the Adams and Clark blood, that of Frairy, Ellis, Metcalf, 
Lovell, and Allen ran in her veins. 

The home of Hannah's mother was on South Street, near its 
junction with what is now called i^oon Hill Street. Some lilacs, 
a grape vine, and, within recent years, a few " garden flowers 
grown wild," mark the spot where Solomon Clark's house stood. 
Traces of the cellar were obliterated, and the well was filled up 
a few years since. 

Tradition has it that Thomas, Jr., then a susceptible young 
man, passing that way with his father to go haying in Stop 
River meadows, saw Elizabeth, then a child, playing on the 
woodpile in her father's door-yard ; and falling in love with her, 
went in and asked Solomon if he might have her. It is pre- 
sumed the reply was favorable, as when she was fifteen years of 
age he married her, — he being then at the age of twenty-five. 

He had from early youth a great love of learning, and he 
prepared himself to enter the University. But as he was 
thought to have naturally a feeble constitution, and probably, 
also, owing to the circumstance that he was the only son, his 
parents objected to his leaving them. This decision is described 
as an inexpressible disappointment to him, being obhged to 
forego a life of study to which his natural tastes inclined him, 
and settle down on a large farm, as his daughter afterward said 
of him, ''without any suitable fitness or any taste for agricul- 
tural pursuits." His marriage probably took place some years 
after this unwelcome decision was made. 

The pecuniary affairs of the family seem to have continued 
prosperous till the death of Thomas, Sen., in 1763, when Han- 



1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 85 

nail was eight years old. After tMs, Thomas, Jr., rented his farm, 
and embarked his capital in opening a store, which was kept in a 
small building near his house, where he proposed to sell " English 
goods " and books. This enterprise shows his lack of judgment 
in practical affairs, as he had no knowledge of trade and was a 
mile and a half from any village, with only a few scattered far- 
mers living around him. The prospect from the first could have 
promised nothing but disaster. Added to this the man to whom 
he rented his farm proved dishonest, and deceived and cheated 
him. The result was failure, which not only swallowed up the 
money his father had left him, but necessitated selling off a 
considerable portion of his lands, and the family were reduced 
to straitened circumstances. 

In the picture of Hannah Adams's birthplace, which was 
drawn from description given by a man who had lived in the old 
house several years, it will be noticed that in the rear seems to 
be a two-story addition to the older structure. This was always 
known as the "new part", and is thought to have been added at 
the time Thomas, Jr., married, in 1750. Presumably Hannah 
was born in this " new part ", which was not torn down when 
the present house was built in 1821, but was moved around and 
is now said to form the L part of the present Steele house. 

Hannah Adams had from infancy a very feeble constitution, 
with an extraordinary weakness and nervous irritability. Her 
first recollections, she said, were of uneasiness and pain, rather 
than of the pleasurable sensations natural to childhood. " My 
mother was an excellent woman, and deservedly esteemed and 
beloved, but as her own health was delicate, and she possessed 
great tenderness and sensibility, I was educated in all the 
habits of debilitating softness, which probably added to my con- 
stitutional want of bodily and mental firmness." 

She did not mingle in the usual sports of childhood, nor 
care at all for them. She was, or was thought to be, physically 
unable to go to school with other children, and thus missed the 
advantages of mingling there with those of her own age. She 
grew up excessively timid, and altogether averse to appearing in 



86 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

company ; in fact, she found very few that she could happily as- 
sociate with. But she developed a consuming desire for knowl- 
edge, and was an omniverous reader. Her father had a consid- 
erable library, and she read a great variety of books; but having 
been left to herself, her selection of reading was not always a 
wise one. In particular, she was passionately fond of novels, 
the reading of which, combined with the secluded sort of life she 
led, placed her, as she afterwards said, in an ideal world very 
different from the real, and she acquired false ideas of life. '* My 
extreme sensibility was also increased by being in this way 
called forth to realize scenes of imaginary distress." 

She had also a great love for poetry, and having a very 
tenacious memory, committed large portions of Milton, Thom- 
son, Young, and others. She also stored her mind with many 
facts of history and biography which gratified her curiosity. 
Being always a passionate admirer of nature, this feeling was 
greatly heightened by the glowing descriptions of the poets. 

During these years her father was in affluent circumstances, 
and it was never imagined that she would be reduced to the 
necessity of exerting herself for her own support, and so she 
was left to pursue this self-gratifying kind of life, with her 
books and a select few of congenial associates. 

Her loving and indulgent mother died Oct. 4, 1767, two 
days after she had passed her twelfth birthday, at the age of 
thirty-three. The headstone is still standing in Vine Lake 
Cemetery in the burial lot of our late townsman, John J. Adams, 
The following epitaph, which may yet be deciphered after 128 
years of exposure to the elements, tells the pathetic story of love 
and esteem in that bereaved family. It was penned by an Epis- 
copal clergyman, a friend and constant visitor in the family. 

Beneath this monument of love and truth, 
Rear'd at fair gratitude's persuasive call, 
Rest the remains of innocence and youth 
Esteemed, lamented, and beloved by all. 
Fond of retirement and rural ease. 
Her sober wishes never learnt to stray; 



1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 87 

Heav'n as her aim, her study how to please, 

And faithfully improve each passing day, 

In sentiment refined, in converse dear, 

To worth a friend, a parent to the poor, 

In friendship warm, ennobling, and sincere, — 

Such was the woman ! Can the saint be more? 

The loss of a mother occurred just at a time when "maternal 
direction is of the greatest importance, especially in the educa- 
tion of daughters." Her sister Elizabeth was now fourteen, 
Lucy was nine, and two little brothers, Lewis and Newton were 
six, and three. Her aunt, Mary Adams, seems to have cared 
for these motherless children until her own death, two years 
later. From this time the care of the children devolved upon 
the older sister, who was evidently a girl of great good sense. 
Meantime, in 1768, the father had married a second wife, 
a woman of much practical and mechanical ingenuity rather than 
of literary tastes, who soon had a little family of her own to 
care for. 

Hannah had a select circle of very dear friends, who were 
drawn together by similarity of tastes from the surrounding 
towns. She afterwards said of them, — " they were all poor and 
most of them good looking. I had the fewest attractions of any 
of them. Most of them wrote verses, which were read and ad- 
mired by the whole little circle. Our mutual love of literature, 
want of fortune, and indifference to the society of those whose 
minds were uncultivated, served to cement a union between us 
which was interrupted only by their removal to distant places, 
and dissolved only by their death." 

This has been called by a late writer, " the first Woman's 
Club of which we have any record ", an honor to Medfield that 
has hitherto been overlooked. The names of those who com- 
posed that circle, the titles of the books they read and the am- 
bitious verses they wrote, have passed into oblivion with the 
lapse of the century ; yet out of that first " Club " arose one who 
became the pioneer of female authorship in America. May its 
present successor, the Club of '96, look well to its laurels. 



88 HANNAB ADAMS. [July, 

The crisis in her father's affairs came while Hannah was yet 
in her teens ; and it was then that the prospect of having to 
provide for her own support first dawned upon her. She tells 
of her own mental struggles at this period : — " I was reduced to 
poverty, with a constitution and early habits which appeared an 
invincible obstacle to my supporting myself by my own exer- 
tions. Instead of the gayety of youth, I was early accustomed 
to scenes of melancholy and distress ; and misfortune was en- 
hanced by a radical want of health and firmness of mind. My 
life passed in seclusion, with gloomy prospects before me, sur- 
rounded by various perplexities from which I could not extri- 
cate myself. The solitude in which I lived was to me, preferable 
to society in general, and to that fact and to my natural singu- 
larity, I must impute that awkwardness of manners of which I 
could never divest myself." 

A consciousness of this produced in her a dislike for the com- 
pany of strangers, and she said that few of those who have been 
accustomed to general society when young could even imagine 
the trembling timidity she felt when introduced to her superiors 
in circumstances or education. She tells us frankly, that the 
effects of these early disadvantages she experienced through life. 
No culture or discipline could form her manners to the standards 
of society. She said of herself, " I know I am very awkward ; 
I never could learn to make a courtesy ". Her lack of school 
advantages she found equally lamentable. " I never", said she, 
"was taught how to hold my pen". Another thing she men- 
tions is the acquiring a very faulty pronunciation ; a habit con- 
tracted so early that she could never wholly rectify it in later 
years. 

Let us pause to remark that the local reminiscences and anec- 
dotes of her that have been handed down to us by those who, in 
their youth, knew her only as in the decline and weakness of old 
age, are chiefly such as relate to her various eccentricities, — such 
as would be most likely to impress young and thoughtless peo- 
ple, or those who had neither the intellect nor the heart to ap- 
preciate her real merits. Her painful consciousness of her own 



1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 89 

limitations and peculiarities ought to go far in forming an esti- 
mate of her. 

In those days the resident clergymen in New England towns^ 
often had divinity students under their care and special instruc- 
tion ; Dr. Prentiss of Medfield was no exception. Thomas Adams 
sought to add to the family resources by taking some of them 
as boarders, and Hannah obtained instruction from them in 
Latin, Greek, Geography and Logic. These studies she pur- 
sued with indescribable pleasure and avidity, so that at the age 
of twenty, she was possessed of very considerable knowledge of 
those subjects. 

While thus busy with her young teachers, an incident oc- 
curred which gave a new turn to her reading and literary inter- 
ests. In those days when valuable works of reference were 
comparatively scarce, it was the custom of students to fill manu- 
script books with extracts from books in libraries, or in the pos- 
session of friends. One of the young gentlemen mentioned above 
had by him a book of extracts from Broughton's Dictionary of 
Religions, published in England in 1742. Previous to this time 
she had been a stranger to controversial works, but this manu- 
script awakened her curiosity, and she commenced reading all 
the books within reach upon these subjects. She became greatly 
dissatisfied with the want of candor displayed by the different 
writers in describing the views of those holding opposite beliefs. 
She determined to make a compilation for herself, with no 
thought of publication at that time. She procured paper for a 
blank book, and commenced writing for her own satisfaction and 
amusement as the only object. Her rules for transcribing were 
to give no preference for one denomination above another, to 
present a few of the arguments of the princij^al sects from their 
own authors, and in their own language, taking the utmost care 
never to misrepresent the ideas. 

This work went on at intervals for several years, as oppor- 
tunity for it, and as the desired works of reference presented 
themselves. During all this time, however, she was compelled 
to labor for her own support. Being at that time in too feeble 



90 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

health to keep school, she worked at spinning, sewing and knit- 
ting, and during the revolutionary times she learned to weave 
bobbin lace. But home-made lace would only be tolerated when 
no other could be procured, and, at the close of the war, when 
importation became easy again, it sunk into total disuse. Speak- 
ing of those years of weary struggle for self-preservation, she 
said, " and yet I had enjoyments that the rich have no idea of. 
Yf hen I had work brought in that would enable me to earn a 
few shillings by which I might buy paper, or any articles of 
stationery, I engaged in writing with an interest that beguiled 
the monotony of my life." 

About this time she obtained some income from teaching 
three young men, who were preparing for the ministry, the 
elements of Latin and Greek. One of these was Rev. Pitt 
Clark, of Norton, who studied with her till he was ready to 
enter Harvard. 

The difficulty of procuring such work as she was able to do, 
not being particularly ingenious in handiwork like her sister, 
suggested to her that possibly her manuscript might be printed, 
and so yield her some little pecuniary profit. She was sensible 
of the difficulties to be encountered in such an enterprise from 
the fact of her ignorance of the world, and little acquaintance 
with business, which would put her in the power of any printer 
to whom she might apply. Yet she set about writing out her 
compilation on an enlarged scale, with a diligent study of all 
the helps she could obtain in her isolated country home. 

When the work was ready for the press, the difficulty arose 
that no one could be found who was ready to print it unless 
money were paid at once. It was necessary to procure 400 
subscribers for the book beforehand. With much labor and 
correspondence on the part of herself and her father, and help 
from friends, these subscribers were obtained. A list of them is 
printed at the end of the book. It embraces many of the 
clergymen, deacons, and prominent laymen in the churches in 
this part of the country, fifty copies being taken by residents of 
Medfield. But the profits to the author turned out to be very 



1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 91 

small, for with her father's small capacity for business, he was 
over-reached by the printer in the bargain made, which was that 
the author should receive fifty copies of the book which she 
might sell after the printer had received all the subscription 
money. The book was printed in 1784 by B. Edes & Sons, 42 
Cornhill, Boston, and was entitled: — 

An Alphabetical Compendium of the various sects which have 
appeared in the world from the beginning of the Christian era to the 
present day. With an appendix containing a brief account of the 
different schemes of religion now embraced among mankind. The 
whole collected from the best authors, ancient and modern, by 
Hannah Adams. " Prove all things ; hold fast that which is good." 

The care, study and anxiety attending the publication of this 
book proved very disastrous to the health of the author, and 
a long period of prostration followed. But, while recovering, 
she received a letter from the printer saying that the edition in 
his hands was nearly sold, and that he proposed reprinting it; 
asking if she had any additions she wished to make to it. She 
had before this taken the precaution to secure a copyright on 
the book according to the Massachusetts law of 1783, and so she 
returned him a brief reply, forbidding him to reprint. 

Having learned that the book was selling, she formed the 
purpose of having it reprinted for her own benefit. This was 
four or five years after its first publication. But she had no 
means, and her friends discouraged the undertaking. 

While struggling with these difficulties, she was plunged 
into the deepest affliction by the death of her beloved and 
trusted sister, Elizabeth. She says, " Those only, who have 
considered their earthly happiness as dependent upon the life of 
one beloved object, on whose judgment they relied, and in 
whom they found comfort and support in every difficulty, can 
form an adequate idea of what I felt on this occasion." 

The first effort of her pen, after her sister's death, is found 
in some lines from which the following is an extract : — 
*' The first attachment of my earliest years, 
E'er yet I knew to feel the attractive force 
Of sacred friendship, was my love to her. 



92 HANNAH ABAM.'i. [July, 

Our minds expanding, each succeeding year 
Heightened our mutual friendship. Not a joy 
E'er touched my soul, but when she shared a part. 

TV T? tP T? ^ 

And must I lose her ! While unkind disease 
Threatened a life so dear, my trembling heart 
Sunk in o'erwhelming woe. Could prayers or tears, 
Could sleepless nights, or agonizing days. 
And all the care of fond officious iove 
Avert thy fate — Sister, thou still hadst lived." 

This irreparable loss came to her in the year 1789, and 
though prostrated by the stroke, necessity roused her to exer- 
tions in her own behalf, and she set about preparing the addi- 
tions to the " View of Religions," which were finished two years 
later. In the meantime she had sent a petition to Congress 
for a general copyright law, which was presented to that body 
by Hon. Fisher Ames. 

During a visit to Boston, for the purpose of securing a 
printer, she was fortunately introduced to Rev. James Freeman, 
pastor at King's Chapel, who became a life-long friend, and who 
rendered her such valuable assistance in the business at this 
time, that she derived profit sufficient to pay off all the debts 
contracted during her own and her sister's sickness, and to put 
out a small sum at interest. 

After this, her health improving, she taught school in sur- 
rounding towns during the summer months for a few years, but 
the success of her last publication induced her to plan writing 
her ''History of New England." No good book on that subject 
then existed, and she fancied that her labors might not only 
yield her some profitable return, but be a benefit to the public. 
She says, " I selected this subject rather for public utility than 
for my own gratification. I also considered that attention to 
such an unpoetical subject would have a tendency to keep my 
mind in a more healthy state than the perusal of works which 
are calculated to excite the feelings." 

But the necessary study of ancient news prints, and the per- 



1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 93 

usal of old manuscripts and state papers, was very painful to the 
eyes ; yet the injury was not perceived till a sudden failure of 
sight came upon her, and she was compelled to lay aside all 
reading, writing, and every employment requiring the use of 
the e3^es. For a time the physicians were unable to afford any 
promise of help, and she suffered the painful apprehension that 
a time was approaching when 

With the year 
Seasons return, but not to me return 
Day, or the sweet approach morn or eve, 
Or sight of vernal bloom, or summer rose. 

The prescriptions of the local physicians, increasing rather 
than diminishing her difficulty, she consulted Dr. Jeffries of 
Boston, and though he doubted whether her eyes would ever re- 
cover so as to be used in her literary work very much, yet by 
following his directions patiently for two years, she regained 
their use so as to commence writing again. The History of 
New England was printed in 1799, and as the subscription for 
the work had been abandoned during her illness, she was obliged 
to print the work at her own expense, and to borrow the money 
therefor, consequently she derived very little pecuniary benefit 
from that book. 

She next prepared the third edition of the " View of Relig- 
ions ", and by the aid of Rev. Mr. Freeman, who made the 
bargain with the printer, she received a sum of money which 
relieved the embarrassments incurred in publishing the New 
England history. She then planned, as soon as the edition of 
that history should be sold, to write an abridgement of it for the 
use of schools. In the meantime she set about writing a concise 
" View of the Christian Religion " selected from the writings of 
eminent laymen. She gives, as a principal reason for entering 
upon this work, that she wished to make a public declaration 
of the fact that her conviction of the truth of Divine revelation, 
instead of being weakened by all her researches, was strengthened 
and confirmed. This publication was in 1804, and she sold the 
manuscript to a printer for the sum of one hundred dollars, to be 



94 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

taken in books. Her father assisted her constantly in the effort 
to sell the copies of her various works received in payment from 
the printers, traversing the country around on horseback for 
that purpose, and gaining the popular appellation of " Book 
Adams." 

The History of New England having been nearly sold she 
commenced upon her school abridgement of it. She was san- 
guine of profit from this, knowing the success which had 
attended the publication of books for school use, and it seemed 
to her that this must constitute all she had to depend on for sup- 
port during life. In this she was grievously disappointed 
through what she and her friends considered an unfair trans- 
action by a man who anticipated her design, and placed a sim- 
ilar book for schools upon the market in advance. 

Her friends, however, assisted her in putting her school 
book to press, but the printer failed and she received nothing. 
Two years later she prepared a new edition, and a similar mis- 
fortune befell her in this second attempt. The only satisfaction 
she had in all this was, as she expressed it, " I hoped my works 
might be useful, and I w^as highly gratified by their candid re- 
ception by the public." She next chose a subject in which, she 
says : '' I thought it probable that I should not meet with any 
interference ", which was a history of the Jews from the time 
of the restoration under the Persian monarchy, down to her own 
time. This proved to be what was, perhaps, her monumental 
work. At this time the age and infirmities of her father pre- 
vented his assisting her as he had done in selling and exchang- 
ing her books, and she was now obliged to depend upon herself 
and upon such friends as she had attached to herself and her 
work. 

Her half brother, John Wickliffe Adams, had married in 
1805, had taken the old homestead with the care of his aged 
parents, having also a family of his own to provide for. And 
though Hannah was often a visitor there, she could not feel that 
she had any claim on him for support. 

From 1810 to 1812 while engaged upon the History of the 



1896.J HANNAH ADAMS. 95 

Jews, she boarded in Dedham. In her studies for this work she 
corresponded with numerous eminent men and women in 
Europe, among whom was the celebrated Gregoire, the learned 
French bishop, who was actively engaged in the cause of the 
Jews, as well as in general philanthropy. While at Dedham 
her eyes again failed, and she again visited Boston for treatment 
from Dr. Jeffries. It was during this visit that she was informed 
of a generous provision that had been made for her in 1809. 
Several of her friends, among whom were Hon. Josiah Quiucy, 
Stephen Higginson, and William S. Shaw as its first promoters, 
appreciating the literary service rendered by her, and knowing 
that she had no means on which to rely in her advancing years, 
settled an annuity for life upon her. '' My generous friends 
could hardly appreciate the extent of the benefit the}^ conferred 
upon me. I had not been able to make any provision for my 
declining years, and had not a place on earth to call my home. 
My spirits were depressed by my destitute circumstances, and I 
am persuaded that, under Providence, the generosity of my 
friends was the means of prolonging my life." 

At the suggestion of these friends she removed to Boston, 
where she lived thereafter. In the library of the Atheneum, 
to vv^hich its founder, Mr. Shaw, gave her free access, she spent 
a large part of her time, enjoying such advantages of books, of 
cultured and literary companionship, as she had longed for in 
vain through all the weary years of struggle, privation and 
disappointment. 

A fine portrait of her was painted by Chester Harding, and 
it has adorned the walls of the Atheneum to this day. A grand- 
son of the Rev. James Freeman, now ninety years of age, and 
living in Marietta, Georgia, writes, Feb. 26, 1896, that it is a 
good likeness, as he remembers her about 1815, when he used to 
see her at his grandfather's house. 

In preparing the History of the Jews she had the personal 
assistance and use of the ample library of Mr. Buckminster, the 
talented young pastor of Brattle Street Church. The book 
was completed only a few months before his death in 1812. 



96 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

Soon after this she came to Medfield on a visit to her aged 
father, wlio was taken suddenly ill, and who died during that 
visit. In her autobiography she pays a tender tribute to his 
fatlierly kindness, as well as to his Christian character. She 
then returned to her Boston home, where she was the recipient 
of many tokens of kindness and appreciation. 

In 1817 the fourth edition of her View of Keligions was pub- 
lished. It had already gone through two editions in England. 
As her health permitted she labored upon her last book, 
''Letters on the Gospels," which appeared in 1824, and went 
through two editions. 

Miss Adams, when studying any subject, concentrated her 
attention upon it to the extent of entire oblivion to surround- 
ings. Her abstractedness was a noted characteristic. While 
intent upon a book at the Atheneum, she would sit for a whole 
day as if rooted to the spot. When the dinner hour arrived 
she heeded it not, and Mr. Shaw would quietly lock the doors 
and go to his own dinner, finding her in the same place on his 
return, she not having even noticed his absence. On being play- 
fully reminded of this, and asked if it were true, she said, 
" Well, I don't think it happened more than once or twice." 

At one time, while in Medfield, visiting at the house of Dr. 
Prentiss, she remained to take tea, when she absent-mindedly 
emptied the entire contents of the cream-pitcher into her cup, 
filling that and the saucer to overflowing. Being shortly after 
ready for another cup, she innocently remarked, "a little less 
milk, if you please," to the amusement of those who knew that 
her preference was to have her tea simply stirred with a spoon 
that had been dipped in cream. 

At the close of her visits there, some one would be detailed 
to see her safely past the birthplace of Dr. Lowell Mason, the 
spot now occupied by the summer residence of Mrs. Hannah 
Adams Pfaff, of Boston, (who was named for the subject of this 
sketch, and who is the grand-daughter of her half-sister, Mary), 
to the house of her brother, which stood next on the same 
street. Sometimes she was led past his house, to see if she 
would notice it. She never did until told. 



1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 97 

The sister of N. P. Willis tells us of her visits to her father, 
the founder and editor of the Boston Eecorder and Youth's 
Companion (the first religious and the first juvenile newspaper 
in America). She used to come on Friday afternoons to read 
manuscript, and on those occasions would ring the door-bell 
continuously until some one appeared at the door. 

These incidents are here related to show her habit of com- 
plete absorption, and not at all in that spirit which finds merely 
a subject for mirth in the foibles and weaknesses of one broken 
by a struggling, baffled, sorrowful life, and bowed down by the 
infirmities of age. But there wei"e those who appreciated her 
worth, and it is pleasing to record that hers was not one of 
those cases of talent which has, at the last, been suffered to 
languish in obscurity and want. Though she had out-lived most 
of her contemporaries, a younger circle of friends had sprung up, 
who respected her for her intellect and learning, and who loved 
her for her goodness. 

She was fond of young people, and her apartment in Boston 
was usually decorated with the flowers that young friends 
brought, knowing how much she loved to surround herself with 
bright and beautiful things from field and garden, and that she 
was one who looked on every phase of nature with the eye of a 
poet. Many of them also spent hours in reading to her, and 
cheering her by their bright and animated conversation. 

As another token of the thoughtfulness of her Boston friends, 
should be mentioned the fact that those who contributed to the 
annuity for her support, kindly permitted her the pleasure of 
reserving a part of her own laborious earnings for the benefit of 
an aged and infirm sister, and when requested by her friends 
to write her autobiography, did it in order to leave it as a leg- 
acy which might prove a pecuniary assistance in the same 
direction. 

Hannah Adams not only possessed real merit as a writer, 
but was a person of great excellence of character. Her exces- 
sive timidity, which clung to her through life, and which was so 
great at times as to paralyze her efforts and operate most un- 
favorably upon her manners, sprang from a genuine humility. 



98 HANNAH ADAMS. [July, 

A friend, in writing of her, expresses the opinion that the most 
prominent trait in her character was her quick sensibilities, 
which responded to every breath that passed over then). This 
sensitiveness, though it sometimes placed her at the mercy of 
the unfeeling and obtrusive, flowed forth toward her friends in 
affection most fervent and enthusiastic. It is said that she 
shrank from exposing herself to ridicule, as she supposed, in 
her new strange attitude, for those days, of a "literary woman." 
It could only have been the most powerful of motives that in- 
duced her to publish a book. She says it was desperation, 
and not vanity, that led her to do it. Dr. Prentiss, in his pre- 
face to her first published work, writes thus : ''Having yielded 
to its publication at the desire of several judicious friends, she 
has also done violence to her own inclinations by prefixing her 
name. 

Miss Adams's clear and independent mental insight was re- 
markable. In her own opinion of books she did not wait for the 
decision of others, but expressed hers fearlessly, when called for. 
In her judgment of persons she knew how to discriminate, but 
at the same time she could see faults in their true relation to the 
entire character, and so could bear a love to others with all their 
faults. 

During the time of her residence in Boston, religious views 
were largely discussed, and she felt the difficulties of both sides 
of the questions in dispute. She says : '' I never arrived to 
that degree of decision that some have attained. In this, as in 
every other debatable subject, I would adopt the following lines : 

If I am right, thy grace impart 

Still in the right to stay ; 
If I am wrong, O teach my heart 

To find the better way. 

In the autumn of 1831 her friends secured for her a room in 
the old Croft house in Brookline, wliere she could enjoy more 
sun and prospect than in her lodgings in Boston, as she was 
now in very feeble health. The house stood on the northerly 
side of Washington Street, near Cypress Street, on the spot where 



1896.] HANNAH ADAMS. 99 

the Chandler house now stands. After the death of Capt. Croft 
and his wife, the house was occupied by a Mrs. Waliey, with 
whom Miss Adams resided at this time. The building has since 
been removed and is now standing on what is called the Thaj'er 
Place, owned by heirs of Elijah Emerson, and occupied as a 
tenement house at present. 

Her last effort with the pen was on Nov. 12, written with a 
trembling hand. In response to this note her friend hastened 
to visit her. As she sat with her she said : " I am willing to 
remain as long as it pleases God to continue me ", and pointing 
to the prospect from the window on that sunny autumn morning 
she added, — "How can anybody be impatient to quit such a 
beautiful world as this." 

Her death occurred on the 15th of the following month. 
Her age was 76 years, 1 month and 13 days. Her remains were 
placed in tomb No. 14 in King's Chapel burying ground, where 
they rested till Nov. 12, 1832, when they were removed to Mount 
Auburn. 

Let us visit her grave. From the main entrance we follow 
Central Avenue to its junction with Poplar, and there, directly 
opposite the ample lot and massive memorial of the Park Street 
Congregational Society, stands an old-fashioned monument of 
Italian marble on a granite base, the wholesome two feet square 
by six in height, bearing this inscription : — 

To 

Hannah Adams 

Historian of the Jews 

and 

Reviewer of Christian Sects 

This monument 

is erected 

by 

Her female Friends. 

First tenant 

of 

Mount Auburn. 

She died Dec. 15, 1831. 

Aged 76. 



100 PARTRIDGE FAMILY. [July, 

Mount Auburn Cemetery had been consecrated only two 
months before her burial there, and though the records in the 
Superintendent's office show that two children of the Boyd fam- 
ily had previously been buried there, one on July 6, and the other 
Nov. 11, the statement that hers was the first burial in Mount 
Auburn, thus technically inaccurate, is substantially true, as un- 
doubtedly the lot was purchased and the monument with its 
inscription ordered, some months before the burial of July 6. 
Hers was without question the first monument erected in this 
beautiful city of the dead. 

It is an aifectingly appropriate thought, that one who so pas- 
sionately loved all lovely things in nature's realm, should be 
laid in her last resting-place amid those scenes of matchless nat- 
ural beauty, enhanced by all the charms that art can yield. 

Would it not now be a most fitting testimonial for the 
Women's Clubs of this Commonwealth, to place in their proposed 
Club House in Boston, a memorial tablet to Hannah Adams ? 



REVELATIONS OF GENEALOGY. 

An Address delivered at a Reunion of the Partridge 
Family, East Templeton, August, 1895. 

By Kev. Lyman Partridge, of Dedham. 

[Continued from 2) age 56.) 

We will now notice the children of John Partridge : Hannah^ 
born 1P58, married 1679, Joseph Rockwood. A child was born 
in 1680, and both mother and child died. 

Dehorah^horn 1662, married 1682, John Adams; died before 
1695. She was the mother of five sons, four of whom settled 
in Medway. Daniel, Eleazer and Obadiah resided in what is 
now the northern part of West Medway, upon the west side of 
Chicken Brook. (Map, 1713, in Jameson's Medway.) 

Eleazer, born 1664, married 1st, 1692, Elizabeth Smith, 2nd 
in 1705, Elizabeth Allen, and as we have already stated, inherited 



1896. J FABTRIDGE FAMILY. 101 

the homestead. In 1720 he bought a large tract of land in what 
is now known as Partridge town, Bellingham, and about 1725 
removed there. He died in 1736. The home place in Medfield 
was sold in 1732 to Jonathan Wight, in whose family it still 
remains. At least two of his sons, Joseph and Benjamin, set- 
tled in Bellingham. 

His eldest son, Eleazer, Jr., born in 1693, married 1715, 
Sarah Taylor, and settled in that part of Dedham which in 1724 
became Walpole. He was a constituent member of the church 
in Walpole. A daughter Elizabeth was born June 4, 1721. 
Henry was born Sept. 6, 1724. (Dedham Kec, I. II. 48, 51.) 
Ezra was born May 17, 1734, and died June 10, 1734. He 
married secondly Ruth, Nov. 23, 1759, (Walpole Records.) 
Eleazer, Jr., married Jemima Clark, Nov. 26, 1741, and died in 
1752. (Probate 46, 157.) In his will dated April 7, 1765, he 
mentions an agreement with his wife Ruth, made at the time 
of their marriage, in regard to property which she brought. 
He mentions four children, Elisha and Henry, Sarah Blanchard 
and Elizabeth Morse. He died in 1776. (Probate, 75, 161.) 

Henry married Mary Chamberlain July 21, 1747. His father 
bequeathed to him all his real estate in Walpole, and 
tools of every sort, and all his money. His children were 
Henry, born Feb. 17, 1748 ; Mary, Aug. 2, 1750 ; Thankful, Oct. 
11, 1752 ; Eleazer, Aug. 24, 1755, died Oct. 13, 1776 ; Ezekiel, 
April 27, 1758, died Sept. 19, 1776 ; Ruth, May 7, 1760, died 
Sept. 30, 1776 ; Otis, Feb. 16, 1764, who married Nov. 16, 
1785, Hannah Smith, in Walpole, and afterwards settled in 
Templeton. Henry, the father, died April 5, 1803, Walpole. 
It was with this branch of the family that this reunion origi- 
nated. 

Rachel^ born 1669, married Theophilus Clark, died 1717. 
Their home is in what is now known as Rockville, in Millis. 
(Register, VI. 93, and map of Medway, 1713.) 

Samuel^ born 1671, also settled in Rockville; married 1701, 
Hannah Mason ; died in 1752. He was a leader in the forma- 
tion of Medway, and its first church, of which he was a constit- 



102 FABTBIDGE FAMILY. [July, 

uent member. He was one of the first board of selectmen, and 
was re-elected to that office several times. He was one of the 
committee " to take care to procure the meeting house built.'^ 
He succeeded his brother John as a deacon of the church. His 
estate (Probate, 47, 493 ; Tilden, p. 96), was appraised at X418. 
14. 10. His farm is owned by his descendants. 

Zechariah., the youngest of the children, born 1674, married 
Mary Ellis in 1701, and settled near his brother Samuel. There 
is a tradition that they owned a mill together, which was 
burned. He died 1716. He was a wise and prosperous man, as 
his will indicates. 

I now pass to notice JoJin^ the eldest of the family, and of 
whom I am a lineal descendant. He was born Sept. 21, 1656. 
He was a soldier in the Indian war in western Massachusetts, in 
1678. He returned to Medfied in May, bringing letters from 
Hadley, containing an account of the return of the captives who 
had been taken by the Indians from that region to Canada. 
These letters were forwarded to the Governor and Council by 
Rev. John Wilson. (Tilden, 96.) The " young Indian fighter," 
as such men were then called, on his arrival home, turned from 
Mars to Venus, for Dec. 21 of that year, he married Elizabeth 
Rockwood. Her father, Nicholas Rockwood, evidently regarded 
the marriage with much favor for he deeded his house, just built 
in place of that burned by the Indians in 1676, to John Part- 
ridge. His wife had died the year previous, and he may have 
gone with his only daughter and her husband, to their new 
home, and died there two years later. Certain it is that in 1678 
he exchanged land near his residence for a grant west of the 
river, in what is now Millis. (Tilden, 471 .) 

John Partridge, like his father, by his marriage became the 
possessor of considerable property. He did not occupy the 
house given him by his father-in-law, but settled upon what is 
now Exchange Street, Millis. The house was near a well still 
used, a few rods north of the house now owned by Francis 
Phillips, and forms the eastern portion of that house. He taught 
school in that part of the town in 1710 ; he was prominent in 



.] FABTBIDGE FAMILY. 103 

the founding of Medway and its first church, and was a constit- 
uent member of the church, having first united with that at 
Medfield; was one of a committee "to procure a minister." 
He was a deacon of the church ; he served the town of Medway 
as a selectman ; was a large land owner in the town and divi- 
ded this land among his children. (Probate 37, 240.) His wife, 
Elizabeth, died July 22, 1688, aged thirty-two, leaving four chil- 
dren. He married the same year Elizabeth Adams. She died in 
1718, and in 1721 he married Mrs. Hannah Sheffield. In his 
will, written Aug. 8, 1730, he describes himself as " sick and 
weak in body, but of perfect mind and memory." He died Dec. 
9, 1743. His widow died in Holliston, July 19, 1754. (Holliston 
Rec.) He was a well-educated man for those days, and a leader 
both in the town of Medway and the church. He saw all his 
children married and owners of farms, and all living within a 
few miles of him, excepting one daughter who resided at Ux- 
bridge. The cost of his coffin was fourteen shillings. 

His eldest child Elizabeth, born 1679, married Dec. 22, 
1701 ; Ebenezer Daniel, whose father, Joseph Daniel resided a 
short distance north of John Partridge, near the bend of Boggas- 
tow brook. So the young people must have been intimately ac- 
quainted from childhood. She died April 25, 1706, leaving two 
children. 

Mary, born 1681, married 1706 Ebenezer Lawrence of 
Wrentham. 

John, of whose birth there is no mention in the records of 
Medfield, is named in his father's will of 1730 (Probate, 
37, 240), as a resident of Wrentham. He resided in that part 
of the town now known as North Franklin, and near Mine 
Brook. (Jameson's Medway, Plan.) He died in 1756. He 
owned several farms, and had considerable money at interest. 
In his will (Probate, 51, 782), mention is made of a son and 
grandson, each bearing the name of John, making five successive 
generations to whom it was given. 

Benoni, of whom I shall speak again, was born May 
25, 1687. 



104 PARTEIDGE FAMILY. [July, 

Jonathan^ the first child of the second marriage, born 1693, 
married, 1717, Elizabeth Leonard, of Framingham, who died 
April 23, 1738. He married, January, 1739, Ann Phipps. For 
some years he led the singing at the church in Medway. He 
jserved as selectman. He sold his farm, on what is now HoUiston 
street, one mile north of Medway village, to his brother, James 
Partridge, and removed to Sherborn. He was baptized Oct. 7, 
1750, and became a member of the Second Baptist Church, 
now Warren Avenue, Boston. He afterwards removed to Rut- 
land, where he died, 1759. (Probate, Worcester.) 

Hannah^ born 1696, married in 1713, Jeremiah Daniel, the 
brother of Ebenezer, the husband of her sister, Elizabeth. She 
died, 1751. He was one of the prominent men of the town of 
Medway, serving it in different official positions. 

Deborah^ born March 1, 1698, married Israel Keith, and re- 
sided in Uxbridge. She died August 30, 1740. 

James^ born Oct. 8, 1700 ; married, Jan. 24, 1720, Keziah 
Bullard, born Dec. 2, 1711. He was a prosperous farmer ; was 
a constituent member of the church at West Medway ; died 
1769. His widow died July 25, 1799. 

SaraJi^ born Jan. 8, 1702, married George Adams, March 
13, 1723, and settled in Wrentham. 

Steijlien^ born April 16, 1706 ; received from his father, in 
1730, a deed of the home place. He married in Boston, April 
7, 1787, Mary Maccanne. He died March 10, 1742, leaving a 
widow and two daughters, Mary, born June 20, 1738 ; Azuba, 
born April 16, 1742. Jameson says that a grand-daughter of John 
Partridge married Abner Ellis, who came into possession of the 
farm. (Medway, 35.) This is not true. Mary Partridge, the 
widow of Stephen Partridge, married Abner Ellis, July 23, 
1747. (Medway Rec.) Their son, Abner Ellis, Jr., sold the 
place to Rev. Luther Wright, Dec. 18, 1801 (Norfolk Deeds, 
15, 226), and, Sept. 12, 1815, Mr. Wright sold it to Oliver 
Phillips (Norfolk Deeds, 51, 214), by whose son, Francis 
Phillips, it is now owned. Abner Ellis did not move to Ohio, 
as Jameson states, but to Mohawk Valley, N Y. This was told 



1896.J PABTBIDGE FAMILY. 105 

me in 1883 by the late Deacon Silas Richardson, born in 1792, 
who remembered Mr. Ellis. 

Benon% the brother o£ these, and my ancestor, was born 
May 25, 1687, and married Mehitable Wheelock, March 13, 
1709. She was a grand-daughter of Ralph Wheelock, the 
founder of Medfield, and a cousin of Eleazer Wheelock, the 
founder and first president of Dartmouth College. The Wheel- 
ock family was one of the most prominent in Medfield for one 
hundred and fifty years. His father gave him a farm in the 
northern part of what is now West Medway. It extended from 
near Chicken Brook to what is now Partridge Street. (Deeds, 
107, 180.) The house stood a short distance west of Winthrop 
Street, and about a fourth of a mile north of Chicken Brook. 
The place of the cellar and well can still be seen. He united 
with the First Church in Medway, and became a constituent 
member of the church at West Medway in 1750. He died Dec. 
26, 1769; Mrs. Partridge died Jan. 20, 1761. 

Preserved^ the oldest son, was born Nov. 10, 1709. He mar- 
ried Catherine Armstrong Nov. 10, 1737. He continued to 
reside in Medway for some years. He then removed to HoUis- 
ton, and for some time lived in Milford on what is now Camp 
Street (Ballou, 952) where he owned a farm. 

Thomas born Nov. 28, 1711,. No further record found. 

Seth born March 17, 1713, married Ruth Holbrook. He was 
a blacksmith. (Probate 85, 628,) His farm in West Medway 
near that of his father, joined the land of Henry Morse and 
Winthrop Pond, and what is now Winthrop and Hill streets. 
There were probably no children of this marriage, for in his will 
dated 1763, he mentions besides his wife only his brothers Pre- 
served and Eli Partridge, his sister Sarah Fisk of Upton, and the 
two daughters of his deceased brother, Joseph Partridge. He 
was a constituent member of the church at West Medway, and his 
name is second on the list. He died about 1786 ; his widow 
died about 1789. He was a good man. 

Joseph^ born 1715, died about 1753. His home was in Hol- 
liston not far from West Medway. He accumulated a good 



106 SCHOOLS AND TEACHEBS [July, 

property. (Probate, Middlesex.) He left a widow and two 
daughters, the oldest about ten years of age. 

Davids born May 22, 1718. No further record yet found. 

MeUtahle, born April 24, 1720, died Aug. 4, 1741. 

Samuel, born June 24, 1722, died Sept. 7, 1741. 

Sarah, born Sept. 27, 1724, married Fisk of Upton, and re- 
sided there. 

Timothy, born Jan. 18, 1727 ; served in the French and 
Indian wars. He married Jan. 5, 1755, Abagail Barber, daugh- 
ter of Joseph. Their parents were neighbors. The house is 
still standing at the corner of Partridge and Lovering streets. 
He died Sept 18, 1787. Mrs. Partridge died Feb. 22, 1809. 
Three of their five children survived them. Samuel born March 
17, 1756, settled in Paxton, where he died in 1832. Many of 
the descendents of his eight children are residents of Worcester 
and vicinity. Eunice born March 15, 1758, married Ralph Mann, 
Elijah, born April 4, 1762, who inherited the homestead, died 
Sept. 9, 1805, leaving a large property. 

Eli, born June 3, 1729, was a soldier in the French and 
Indian w^ars, married Rachel about 1752. He settled first in 
Holliston and then in Milford, a little east of the Upton line, on 
wliat is now Silver Hill Street. (Ballon 's Milford.) The names 
of ten children are in the records of Milford. 

{To he continued.) 



THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM. 
By Carlos Slafter. 

{Continued from page 51.) 

Abigail Ellis Dean taught schools in Dedham from 1810 to 
1813. She was the daughter of Phineas Ellis and Jerusha 
(White) Dean ; born in Dedham, April 25, 1789. She was 
educated at Day's Academy, Wrentham ; married Richard Ellis, 
of Dedham, Jan. 7, 1813, and died in Canton, Mass., Dec. 26, 



1896.] OF BEDHAM. 107 

1889. She has been previously mentioned as " Nabby Dean" 
and "Mrs. Richard Ellis," but having secured from her daugh- 
ter a more complete record, I deem it proper to insert it here. 
She is the only centennarian among the Dedham teachers. 

Appleton Fay, as previously stated, taught the West Ded- 
ham school in the winter of 1829-30. He was born in South- 
boro, Mass., Dec. 8, 1805, the son of Hezekiah and Patty Fay, 
and married Fanny Claflin, about 1832. He resided in Worces- 
ter, Mass., and by occupation was a pattern maker. 

The winter school of Clapboardtrees, in 1830-31, was in- 
structed by Mr. John B. White. Other facts concerning him 
have eluded my most diligent inquiries. 

The records of the West Dedham district for 1832 name as 
teachers Rebecca L. Humphreys and Elizabeth Clark, but con- 
cerning neither have I been able to obtain any additional in- 
formation. 

In the summer of 1835 the Clapboardtrees school was in- 
tructed by Miss Sarah Elizabeth Coffin. She was the daughter 
of John Gorham and Elizabeth (Rice) Coffin, born in Avon 
Place, Boston, Jan. 27, 1816. She was educated at Miss Pem- 
berton's school, Mr. William B. Fowle's Monitorial school, and 
under the instruction of Miss Dorothea L. Dix, the well-known 
philanthropist, who taught a private school in Dorchester, in 
which school Miss Coffin was also for a time an assistant teacher. 
In 1838 she was united in marriage to Rev. Nathaniel Hall, 
of Dorchester, where she still resides. Mrs. Hall says, "• 1 
remember with gratitude the kindness of Rev. Mr. White. Mr. 
King Gay also did all he could to help me in the school." 

Miss Almira Boynton taught in the Readville district about 
1834. She married Lyman Locke of Boston. 

Mrs. Mary Robershaw, of Walpole, of venerable age, as one 
of her pupils describes her, was mistress in the Second Middle 
school during the summer of 1835. 

About 1835, Harriet E. Colburn, daughter of Ellis and Celia 



108 SCHOOLS AND TEACHEBS. [July, 

(Baker) Colburn, taught at Walpole Corner. She married 
Edward Freeman, of Bellingham, who had been a teacher in the 
same school a little earlier. 

David Wight taught the Readville School two winters, 
probably 1834-5, and 1835-6. This publishment may apply to 
him : " 1844, Oct. 6. Mr. Daniel Wight, of New York City, 
and Miss Susan Elizabeth Fisher, of Dedham." 

Jason Holmes of Plymouth, Mass., taught the East Street 
School three winters about 1835. Later he went to California, 
where he died soon afterwards. 

In the winter of 1835-6 Mr. E. Eussell managed the Mill 
School eight weeks. Then it passed into the hands of T. P. Ryder, 
for eight weeks, cause and effect of the change not ascertainable. 

Mr. W. H. Talbot, of Taunton, a college student, had charge 
of the Westfield School during the winter of 1835-6. 

Caroline Wells, of Boston, was the teacher in East Street 
about 1836. 

Miss Sarah D, Bradley, of Milton, taught the Readville 
School two summers, 1837 and 1838. She married Mr. Jere- 
miah Plimpton, who was for many years a teacher in Roxbury, 
Mass. The register kept by her is a specimen of beautiful pen- 
manship. Mrs. Plimpton died in Roxbury, Feb. 11, 1895. 

Miss Ann Matilda Ellis was a teacher in South Walpole, 
1833 ; in the Mill School, 1835 ; and in South Dedham, 1836. 
She was the daughter of Richard and Abigail Ellis (Dean) Ellis ; 
born in Dedham, Oct. 8, 1813 ; educated in the public and 
private schools of West Dedham, and married to John Endicott, 
of Canton, Mass., Jan. 7, 1838. She still resides in Canton, and 
among other sources of enjoyment she speaks of "the Dedham 
Historical Register, a publication of much interest to me.'^ 
Her many friends would gladly see her complete, as did her 
mother, a full century of happy and honored years. 

{To he continued.) 



1896.] OLD DRAPER ROUSE. 109 

REMINISCENCES OF THE OLD DRAPER HOUSE. 

By Dora Riley. 

On opening the January number of the Register, my 
attention was attracted by the frontispiece, as it represented the 
dear old Draper House, where many of my childhood days were 
spent. How long and lovingly I looked on that picture, and 
how many cherished recollections it brought before my mind ; 
for I loved the dear old rambling structure, with everything in 
and around it. 

It was in the month of April, 1863, that we first occupied 
this house on what was then known as the Dr. Jeremy Stimson 
estate. Our family consisted of father, mother, and three chil- 
dren, of whom I was the youngest. I remember distinctly how 
charmed I was with the apple orchard, consisting of about 
twenty trees, bearing large, juicy "Porters," as we called them. 
The orchard was surrounded by an old stone wall on which I 
often perched to view what seemed to my childish mind a grand 
stretch of country, and to listen to the musical strains of the 
Dedham Drum Corps, as it marched to the West Roxbury line, 
and across the three cornered lot of the late Myrick P. Sumner, 
to the old homestead. The music was a great treat to me ; the 
fife more especially, which was played by Edward J. Bestwick, 
now janitor of the Dedham Public Library, and whom I consid- 
ered in his line a veritable Paderewski. 

Besides the orchard there was what appeared to me a fine 
flower garden, lilacs of different kinds and colors, besides many 
other species of garden culture. At the rear of the house stood 
an old open well, old indeed it must have been, for its wooden 
frame was a mere shell which caused my mother great anxiety 
at times, fearing some one of us might stray into it. One day 
the old oaken bucket fell down, and my brother Charles, who 
was always ready for an adventure, went after it, but the stones 



110 OLD DBAFEB HOUSE. [July, 

that lined it were so loose and slippery that it was with consid- 
erable difficulty that he made his exit with the captured bucket. 

In front of the house, strange to say, was the wood-shed, be- 
yond this was an old gate consisting of long wooden bars, which 
could be lifted up at pleasure. To the left of the house was a 
large pasture, where Mr. Stimson had a number of cows grazing. 
Every evening his hired man, " Owen Moore " by name, would 
ride down on a gray mare to drive them home. In the middle 
of this pasture coursed a stream of limpid water which flowed 
from a delicious spring, where many poor wayfarers assuaged 
their thirst. 

In a little cottage near Mother Brook, lived an old lady 
familiarly known as Nancy Mack. We children often visited 
her kitchen, and sat around the hearth where the peat fire 
burned cheerily, and listened with rapt attention to the stories 
of brave soldiers who had put up at the old house we then oc- 
cupied. Mr. Myrick Sumner, too, was always very kind to the 
children. He had two bee-hives back of his house, and often 
entertained us by explaining the very interesting and to us 
mysterious process of honey making. Still further back of his 
house was a hill where several nut trees grew, which supplied 
food for the frolicsome little squirrels who made it a place of 
rendezvous. Mr. Benjamin Bullard, another friend of the chil- 
dren, lived in the house now occupied by Mr. Daly. I remem- 
ber a lady once inquiring of my brother the way to the Toll- 
gate. He showed her, and for his gallantry she gave him a 
three-cent postage stamp. 

But have I not kept my readers too long out in the cold ? 
Let us step inside and see if I remember anything of interest. 
Yes, I recognize the large rooms, two on each floor, with a great 
chimney running through the middle of the house, with an open 
fireplace containing two large andirons capable of holding im- 
mense logs of wood ; then the old fashioned mantelpiece with a 
lion's head cut on each corner, which gave the room, it seemed 
to me, an air of grandeur. To the left was a room of equal size 
which we used as a kitchen. Underneath was a cellar, and the 
only means of access to it was from the outside. 



1896.] DEDHAM IN THE BEBELLION. Ill 

The rooms upstairs were of the same size as those below, 
that is, if I remember rightly, the stairs leading up were very- 
narrow and without banisters. I have reason to remember that 
we sometimes had very unwelcome visitors, especially at night ; 
once I was suddenly awakened by something biting at my ear, 
calling lustily for my mother she arrived just in time to see a 
weasel jump from my bed. 

I almost forgot to mention the long line of Barberry bushes 
which made such a fine show with their scarlet fruit, and which 
proved so great a boon to the German people who came to 
gather them. Also that between the house and Washington 
street was situated the Sanford Carroll lot. This lot, covered 
as it was with buttercups and sweet clover blossoms, seemed to 
me, after my own home, the dearest spot on earth. 



DEDHAM IN THE REBELLION. 

By Joseph Henry Lathrop. 

{Continued from page "10).) 

The annual report of the Selectmen of the town of Dedham, 
issued after the close of the war, states that Dedham furnished 672 
men to the army and navy during the War of the Rebellion. The 
foregoing list comprises 610 names, and of these men bQ) re-enlisted, 
either in the same or other regiments. Each re-enlistment of course 
counted as another man. The small discrepancy in the figures can 
be easily accounted for by the incomplete state of the records, par- 
ticularly so far as the navy is concerned, but this list of names is 
doubtless as near correct as it can be made at this late day. The writer 
would be glad to hear from any one who notes either errors or omis- 
sions in the list. The 610 names, by transfers, re-enlistment in other 
regiments, promotions, &c., show a record of 711 terms of service, 
the final disposition of which is as follows : — 

Killed in action, - - 25 

" on railroad, ------- 1 

Murdered, -------- i 

Died of wounds, - - - - - - - 15 

" " disease, ------- 23 

" in captivity, -..---- 5 



112 DEDHAM [July, 

Discharged on account of wounds, - - - - 15 

" for disability, ------ 70 

" to accept promotion, - - - - 13 

" by order of War Dep't, - - - - 6 

relative to bands, |" " " - »^ 

" for over age, ------ i 

" by civil authority, - . - - 1 

" to enlist in other regiments, - - - 2 

Resigned, --.----- 13 

Transferred, - - - 54 

Dropped from rolls, ------- l 

Rejected, - - - - - - - - 24 

Deserted, --_.---_ 32 

No final record, ------- 73 

Mustered out at expiration of term of service, - - 331 



711 



The greater proportion of the 73 names to which no final record 
is attached, is principally on account of their connection with the 
Veteran Reserve Corps, the regular army and navy, or in service 
with organizations outside of the Massachusetts troops. Assuming 
that a majority of these men served out their time, the record of the 
Dedham soldiers would show that just about one-half of those who 
enlisted, completed their term of service, while one-tenth were killed, 
or died from wounds and disease. 

It will be noted that in the preceding list are seventy names of 
those who died in the service, while but 47 names are on the Memo- 
rial Hall tablets. These tablets are supposed to bear the names of 
those only who were of Dedham residence at the time of enlistment, 
while this printed list contains the names of all who were on Ded- 
ham's quota, whether residents of the town or not. 

As before noted, the majority of the desertions and rejections 
came from the men who enlisted from other places on the Dedham 
quota, to secure the large bounties offered. But very few men of 
Dedham residence deserted during their term of service. That the 
Dedham soldiers did their duty to their country is shown by the list 
of those killed in battle or died from wounds. In addition, the records 
show that forty men received wounds which were not fatal, and six- 
teen men were taken prisoners. The town had its representatives in 
the greater part of the Massachusetts organizations as will be noted 
in the following table : 



3d Battalion Mass. Rifles, 


3 months. 


1 


4th " " Infantry, 

.6th Unattached Co. Mass. Infantry, 


30 days. 
100 days. 


1 
1 


1st Regiment " " 

2d " " " 


3 years, 


1 
5 



1896.] IN THE BEBELLION. 113 



3d Regiment 
4th 


Mass. 


Infantry, 

ii 


3 months, 
li 


1 

1 


5th 




a 






11 


3 


5th 
6th 










100 days. 


6 
1 


7th 
9th 




li 
ii 






3 years, 


5 
1 


nth 




11 






li 


4 


12th 




ii 






li 


2 


13th 




ti 






tl 


14 


15th 




n 






li 


1 


16th 




(( 






a 


1 


17th 




(( 






11 


4 


18th 




C( 






li 


82 


19th 




(( 






11 


7 


20th 




(( 






u 


18 


21st 




(( 






(( 


1 


22d 




(( 






11 


10 


23d 




a 






11 


2 


24th 




it 






u 


27 


28th 




ii 






11 


24 


29th 




li 






li 


2 


30th 




li 






11 


2 


31st 




li 






11 


3 


32d 




11 






li 


15 


33d 




u 






li 


5 


35th 




li 






ii 


67 


38th 




ii 






11 


2 


39th 




li 






li 


4 


40th 




11 






li 


1 


42d 
42d 




li 
ii 






100 days, 
9 months, 


8 

2 


43d 




(( 






11 


108 


44th 




(C 






ii 


1 


45th 




11 






11 


10 


48th 




tl 






11 


3 


50th 




(C 






ii 


1 


o4th 
55th 




(( 
ii 






3 years. 


5 

2 


56th 




11 






li 


9 


57th 




11 






ii 


4 


58th 




11 






11 


3 


59th 




11 






li 


4 


61st 
1st 
2d 


Company 


li 11 

Mass. Sharpshooters, 

li ii 


1 year, 
3 years. 


8 
2 
1 


1st 


Regiment 


" Cavalry, 




u 


38 



¥ 



114 



DEDHAM IN THE BEBELLION. 



[July, 



2d Regiment Mass. Cavalry, 

3d " " " 



3 years. 



3d 


<< 


(Co. M 


1 year), 


4th 


il 


a 


3 years, 


5th 


li 


ii 


(( 


1st Battalion 


a 


Frontier Cavalry, 


1 year, 


1st 


a 


Heavy Artillery, 


(( 


2d Regiment 


ii 


a 


3 years. 


4th 


(< 


ii 


1 year, 


29th Company 


it 


»( 


u 


1st Battery 


u 


Light Artillery, 


3 years, 


2d 


u 


•' 


(( 


4th 


u 


ii 


ii 


9th 


ii 


it 


ii 


11th 


(< 


li 


ii 


12th 


u 


ii 


ii 


13th 


n 


it 


a 


14th 


li 


ii 


ii 


16th 


ii 


u 


(( 


Sherman's Battery, 


U. S. A., 




Reserve Artillery, 


ii 




3d Regiment Artillery, U. S. A. 




Signal Corps, 








3d Reg't Infantry, 






6th " 








11th " 








24th " 









5th Reg't Heavy Artillery, U. S. C. T. 

9th Reg't Infantry, U. S. C. T. 
35th *' 
36th " 
37th " 
38th " 
70th " 

1st Reg't^ichigan Cavalry, 

1st " District of Columbia Infantry, 
51st " New York, 
102d " 
68th " Ohio 

Adjutant General's Dept., U. S. Vols., 
Veteran Reserve Corps, 
U. S. Navy, 



11 
3 
5 

16 
4 
3 
5 

15 
1 
1 
1 
1 
5 
1 
1 
1 
3 
2 
4 
1 
1 
1 
3 
4 
1 
2 
1 
2 
1 
2 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

40 

23 



711 



1896.] 



THE AMES DIARY. 



115 



Of the entire number of soldiers from Dedham, rather more than 
one-fifth, as nearly as can be ascertained, held positions either as 
commissioned, or non-commissioned officers, at the time of their leav- 
ing the service. The list is as follows : 

Colonel, ------- 

Lieut. Colonel and Brevet Colonel, 

Lieut. Colonel, ------ 

Major, ------ 

Captain and Brevet Major, - - - - 

First Lieut.and " " . - - _ 

Captain and A. A. G. U. S. Vols, 

Captains, - - - - - - -13 

Chaplain, ------- l 

Adjutants, _ - 3 

First Lieutenants, - - - - - 10 

Second " ------ 6 

Non commissioned officers, - - - 95 

Navy. 
Commodore, - - - - - 

Lieutenant, ------ 

Passed Assistant Paymaster, 

Acting Assistant Paymaster, . _ - 

Chief Clerk, ------ 

Captain's Clerk, - - _ . . 

Surgeon's Steward, ----- 



142 

In conclusion, the writer desires to express his thanks to the 
Dedham Historical Society for the use of their library and files of 
papers, also to those gentlemen formerly connected with the 18th, 
35th and 4od regiments, from whom much valuable assistance has 
been received in the preparation of the history of the Dedham com- 
panies in those regiments. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 
By Ed^a Frances Caldek. 

{Continued from page 34.) 
July, 1796. 

5 Keplevied Elipbalet Fuller's oxen taken by town & pass'd my 
Word to Wheaton for 2 del. for Wise. 

11 Anniversary of Father's death 32 years, 1764. 

12 Set Wid Fuller's Jaw, 1 doL 

22 Sundry people mow meadows before grown for fear of floods as 
last year destroyed 1000 Loads or more. 

27 On good appearance of W. began to mow Meadow but Kaia 
caught it. 



116 THE AMEIS DIARY. [July, 

31 The insults of the British Commanders of Vessels impressing our 
Seamen & flogging some of them to death & others, as Capt Jessup 
flogged on board Pigot's Frigate till he fainted then vomited blood & 
just escaped with life — And Capt. Wyat St. Barbe after saving 300 
JBritons in a sinking Ship, then Potter the Capt. of her making a prize 
of his Saviour as soon as escap'd are so brutally shocking as not here- 
after to be credited perhaps as our Government hugs the British closer 
for it while the People are bursting with indignation ! ! ! 

August. 
5 Dn Avery died. 

8 On Monday 8th Aug. Committee of State of Connecticut proceed 
from Hartford Eastward to view and report Amendment of middle 
post road to Boston either first to the line of K. Island or direct to the 
line of Massachusetts. 

15 Eec'd Subscription for a Newspaper in Dedham & got sundry 
Signers. 

18 Fr. iS'egro Girl drowned herself. 

23 Court house found not big enough to hold the People comfortably 
& ceiling so low as to stifle. 

25 So hot S. C* sit in the Meeting house. 

30 So cold this morning I cannot write or sit with comfort. 

31 Altho' the forepart of Summer promis'd such great crops of Hay 
now all our gardens and corn fields are parched up for want of Kain. 
Meadows hard as upland and some corn planted in Meadows only part 
of my field that looks thrifty the rest cut short one half. But our 
Meadows by having Command of Water would prove the richest re- 
source & inexhaustible without hurting the Mills at all tho' they fear it. 

September, 

5 In Heman Guild's lot that was, is a grand Stone 8 or 10 feet long 
5 or 6 wide & 6 or 8 inch thick— good Door Stone. 

15 Heaton Printer came view— got above 200 Subscribers for Paper. 
Connecticut survey from Hartford to Boston by chain 8 rods long, it is 
96 miles from Hartford to Dedham. 2 i 1 [VJ 30 r to Major Whiting, fr 
Pillar. 

18 Hunting mad Dogs. Wid of old Tim Kichards buried. 

30 Being Clerk of Court interferes with Med^— And by Decision of 
the judges of C. P. I am prevented from endorsing Writs for anybody 
on the Objection of Tho' Williams and a decree of the Conclave of 
Jesuits or Junto of the Dogs of Law in one of their bar meetings issued 
to our timid Judges of sudden manufacture. 

October. 

5 Printers came to print a News Paper in Dedham. Sett David 
Baker's Son's thigh broke by fall from a Tree. 
G Bo't 2 B'r'l's Cyder at 2^°^ each of Gay. 

9 Proof Sheet Dedham paper out. 

11 Minerva Dedham Gazette published this morning, and wholly 
dictated by F. A. to smother political enquiry & make public Servants, 
Lords. 15 Went Boston on horseback. 

31 First Snow that lies a few hours but from l^t Nov. tliere is an en- 
tire alteration of the feeling of the Climate as if changed from Italy 
to Siberia. 

November. 

3 Abner Lewis pointing Wood cellar with Mortar and does it 
like a AVorkman. 

4 The Prigarchy straining every nerve to carry Election. 

1 Election of Repres : Gen^ & Elector of Presid : & Vice Pres. 



1896.] THE FISHER FAMILY. 117 

15 Set ten apple trees on the hill S. W. corner of Meadow ho't of 
Jo Draper 1 peach. 

18 Set Beure du Roy Pear W Side Rocks. 

19 Set St Michael Pear within Garden before the Barn. 
21 Set 3 pair Stocks from Nursery into pasture. 

30 Extreem cold for 8 days past. Springs low, streams frozen, & 
difficulty to get water sufficient. And fuel consumed as fast as any time 
thro' Winter. Philadelphia flour is 12 dols p** B'r'l, i. e. 7 q" which is 
about 1.72 p'- Q^ or 6.88, p"" C. 

December. 

7 Elect' of President thro' U. S. A. 

19 Aristocrats crowing that Adams will be President of U. S. A. 
24 Our Gov S. Adams has 15 Votes Virginia for President or 
V. Presid 

31 Great Scantiness of Water, continued cold & grand Sleying, 
Euel dear, Wood 3s. 6 foot. 

{To he continued.) 



THE FISHER FAMILY. 

By Philip Adsit Fisher. 

of San Francisco, Cal. 

{Continued from page 77.) 



52. Jesse^, fourth son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, July 7, 1751 ; m. 1st, Oct. 
31, 1775, Lois Metcalf. She d. and he m. 2dly, Sept. 19, 1792, 
Jerusha Armsby, of Medfield. In his father's will, made Feb. 
7, 1777, he is called " of Princeton." He probably resided per- 
manently in Dedham thereafter, though no record can be found 
of his death. Cannot some one throw more light on this family ? 
Children were : — 

Polly"^, b. Feb. 22, 1776 ; m, Asa Howard, of Needham^ 

March 28, 1805. 
Patty^, b. Aug. 1, 1777; m. Samuel Cobb, in 1818, as his 

2d wife. 
Sally', b. June 29, 1779 ; m. Amasa Howe, of Dedham,. 

June 3, 1804. 
Jesse^ b. Jan. 6, 1784. 

Ebenezer', b. ; d. Dec. 3, 1794, aged 10. 

Prudence', b. May 14, 178- 

53, MosES^ fifth son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Nov. 27, 1755, and d. at 



118 THE FISHEB FAMILY. [July, 

Fraiicestown, N. H., Jan. 23, 1847, aged 91. He left Dedham 
in 1785, and settled in Francestown, on the farm nov/ occupied 
by his grandson, Moses Bradford Fislier. He m. 1st, at Ded- 
ham, Feb. 19, 1784, Louisa, daughter of Eliphalet and Hannah 
(Lewis) Thorp, who was b. at Dedham, Oct. 26, 1762, and d. 
at Francestown, Feb. 9, 1811, aged 44. He m. 2dly, Jan. 25, 
1813, Mrs. Lucy Manning, who was b. June 11, 1774, and d. 
March 14, 1841, aged 66. Their children, all b. at Francestown 
but the first, were : — 

JoHN^ b. April 20, 1785 ; d. Nov. 25, 1785. 

LEV/IS^ b. Aug. [ ], 1786; d. Oct. 19, 1810; m. Mary 
[ ], of Carlyle. Lived in Salem, and left a daugh- 
ter, aged 22 months at father's death. Widow d. in 
1846, leaving property to brother's children. 

MosES^ b. Oct. 25, 1790; d. Feb. 29, 1860; m. Fanny, 
daughter of Andrew and Hannah Fuller, of Lyndeboro, 
N. H., who was b. Aug. 7, 1793, and d. at Gloucester, 
Mass., March 29, 1864. Ten children. 

JoEL^ b. Sept. 30, 1793; d. March 10, 1796. 

Obijah^ b. March 17, 1795; d. at Brighton, Iowa, June 
1863 ; ra. Sarah M. Friend, who was b. at Dracut, 
Mass., May 26, 1795, and d. at Brighton, la.. May 15, 
1880. Five children. 

Aaron^ b. Aug. 25, 1797; d. March 10, 1883 ; m. Susan 
Fuller, of Francestown, who was b. June 24, 1804, and 
d. Feb. 18, 1877. Four children. 

Amasa^ b. Aug. 31, 1799 ; d. Oct. 25. 1800. 

HANNAH^ b. April 24, 1802 ; d. Aug., 1894; m. Franklin 
Friend, April 24, 1836 ; he was b. July 31, 1803. 

Thorpe'^, b. April 24, 1804 ; d. at Salem, Mass., Dec. 9, 
1885 ; m. 1st, Nov. 6, 1832, Joanna Crombie, daughter 
of Benjamin and Chloe (Farrington) Jones, who was b. 
Nov. 27, 1806, and d. at Salem, Oct. 4, 1855. He m. 
2dly, Oct. 11, 1860, Mary Ruth (Babbidge) Russell, 
v/idow of Henry Russell, and daughter of Capt. Chris- 
topher and Mary (Pvandall) Babbidge, who was b. at 
Salem, May 30, 1807, and d. in 1887. Four children 
by first wife. 



I 



1898.] STOUGHTONHAM BIBTHS. 119 

Asa Manning'^, (by second wife) b. April 9, 1817 ; d. at 
Denmark, Iowa, Oct. 24, 1881 ; m. in Jasper, N. Y., 
April 21, 1846, Elizabeth Dennis, who was b. in Han- 
cock, N. H., Oct. 10, 1819, and d. at Denmark, la., 
Oct. 13, 1883. One child. 
54. Jeremiah^, eldest son of Capt. Jeremiah (32) and 
Deborah (Richards) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Sept. 23, 1704, 
and d. there June 19, 1752. He m. at Dedham, Oct. 29, 1731, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Submit [ ] Cook, who 

was b. in Dedham, Feb. 7, 1704. Jeremiah graduated at Har- 
vard in 1726, and in 1732 taught the school in the east part of 
Dedham ; appointed Justice of the Peace, Oct. 25, 1737. By 
his will, made June 13, 1752, his son, Jeremiah, received a 
double share in the estate, and in the division, April 27, 1757, 
took the homestead. The inventory, made Dec. 29, 1752, shows 
lands and buildings in Dedham and Need ham, appraised at 
^633.6.8. Their children were: — 

Elizabeth^, b. Feb. 10, 1734 ; m. Eiiphalet Baker, May 
19, 1756; d. July 22, 1816. [Baker's descendants of 
Edward Baker, p. 93.] 

86. Jeremiah^, b. Nov. 10, 1735 ; m. 1st, Esther [ ]; 

2dly, Sarah Dean. 

87. Nathaniel^, b. July 8, 1742 ; m. Silence Baker, of 

Dedham. 

88. DANIEL^ b. March 18, 1744 ; m. Sibyl Draper, May 23, 

1770. 



BIRTHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON). 

By William R. Mann. 

John, son of John Estey and Abigail, July 3, 1763. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Estey and Abigail, December 15, 1765. 
Eleanor, dau. of John Estey and Abigail, May 17, 1768. 
Abigail, dau. of John Estey and Abigail, December 1, 1770. 
Lois, dau. of Jacob Hawse and Elizabeth, April 1, 1770. 
Eleanor, dau. of Ebenezer Gay and Mary, September 20, 1769. 
Rachel, dau. of William BilUngs and Sarah, November 27, 1769. 
Daniel, son of Uriah Atherton and Mary, October 4, 1769. 
Anna, dau. of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, Jan. 31, 1760. 



120 STOUGHTONHAM BIBTHS. [July, 

Jeremiah, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, August 22, 17G1. 
William, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, June 14, 1763. 
John, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, May 27, 1765. 
Sarah, dau. of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, June 17, 1767. 
Susannah, dau. of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, March 27, 1769. 
Molly, dau. of Richard Hixon, Jr., and Mary, Sept. 19, 1770. 
Ruth, dau. of Solomon Gilbert and Lydia, December 3, 1765. 
Delight, dau. of Solomon Gilbert and Lydia, August 28, 1770. 
John, son of Joseph White and Sarah, September 13, 1765. 
Hannah, dau. of Joseph White and Sarah, Nov^ember 17, 1767. 
Mary, dau of Jonathan Clark and Mary, November 14, 1766. 
Nathan, son of Nathan Clark, Jr., and Hannah, April 13, 1770. 
Israel, son of Josiah Morse and Dorothy, June 14, 1770. 
Mary, dau. of Jonathan Belcher and Sarah, May 8, 1769. 
Sinthe, dau. of John Everett and Mary, June 4, 1770. 
Mehitable, McMullin, dau. of Hannah Smith, May 23, 1769. 
Hosa, dau. of Nathaniel Clark and Mary, May 25, 1769. 
Bettey, dau. of Clifford Belcher, Jr., and Bettey, October 18, 1771. 
Samuel, son of Job Swift, Jr., and Rebecah, June 28, 1771. 
Joseph, son of Samuel Payson and Sarah, May 26, 1771. 
Patience, dau. of Henry Payson and Mary, June 17, 1767. 
Mary, dau. of Henry Payson and Mary, Sept. 6, 1768. 
Chloe, dau. of Henry Payson and Mary, June 16, 1770. 
Susanah, dau of Nathaniel Commings and Chloe, January 26, 1772. 
Abner, reputed son of John Bird and Joanna Estey, March 18, 1771. 
Mary, dau. of Micah Allen and Catherine, May 15, 1771. 
Jese, son of William Billings, Jr , and Mary, February 19, 1772. 
Jabez, son of Daniel Richards, Jr., and Anna, May 29, 1769. 
Daniel, son of Daniel Richards, Jr., and Anna, November 12, 1771. 
Samuel, son of John and Esther Noyce, August 16, 1766. 
Samuel, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Ramsdell, December 2, 1771. 
Jeremiah, son of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, November 13, 1767. 
Ebenezer, son of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, May 15, 1769. 
Hannah, dau. of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, April 27, 1771. 
John Holbrook Hawse, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth, Sept. 20, 1772. 
Sarah, dau. of John and Hannah Sumner, December 22, 1767. 
Roger, son of John and Hannah Sumner, April 13, 1770. 
Ruth, dau. of William and Ruth Hewins, March 22, 1760. 
William, son of William and Ruth Hewins, March 12, 1762. 
Ebenezer, son of William and Ruth Hewins, April 13, 1764. 
Amasa, son of William and Ruth Hewins, May 10, 1766. 
Rebecca, dau. of William and Ruth Hewins, June 28, 1768. 
Mary, dau. of Solomon and Mary Estie, September 15, 1770. 
Nancy, dau. of Solomon and Mary Estie, November 28, 1771. 
Sarah, dau. of John and Keziah Coney, October 19, 1763. 
Eleanor, dau. of John and Keziah Coney, September 8, 1765. 
John, son of John and Keziah Coney, September 20, 1767. 
Elijah, son of John and Keziah Coney, August 6, 1769. 



1896.] STOUOHTONHAM BIRTHS. 121 

Elizabeth, dau. of John and Keziah Coney, March 6, 1772. 
Edmund, son of Joshua and Susanah Whittemore, Nov. 25, 1770. 
Moses, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth Richards, July 27, 1770. 
Aaron, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth Richards, July 7, 1772. 
Unity, dau. of Richard Hixon, Jr., and Mary, September 17, 1772. 
Oliver, son of William Richards, Jr., and Anna, January 15, 1773. 
David, son of David and Abigail P^isher, June 26, 1759. 
Moses, son of David and Abigail Fisher, April 1, 1761. 
Aaron, son of David and Abigail Fisher, December 16, 1762. 
Ebenezer, son of David and Abigail Fisher, August 27, 1765. 
Katherine, dau. of David and Abigail Fisher, September 28, 1767. 
Rebekah, dau. of David and Abigail Fisher, July 29, 1769. 
Jason, son of John Everett and Mary, July 24, 1772. 
Daniel, son of Lemuel Fuller and Ruth, March 6, 1773. 
William, son of William Deverix and Abigail, March 10, 1766. 
Oliver, son of William Deverix and Abigail, July 3, 1768. 
Robert, son of William Deverix and Abigail, February 13, 1772. 
Elizabeth, dau. of William Deverix and Abigail, August [ ], 1762. 
Hannah, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, May 17, 1757. 
Sarah, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, April 11, 1759. 
Oliver, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, July 4, 1761. 
Benjamin, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, Sept. 10, 1763. 
John, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, August 4, 1765. 
Susanna, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, July 29, 1768. 
Eunice, dau. of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, Dec. 19, 1770. 
Joseph, son of Benjamin Savell, Jr., and Susanna, March 27, 1773. 
Clifford, son of Clifford Belcher, Jr., and Bettsy, April 13, 1773. 
Oliver, son of Silvanus Clark and Rachel, August 18, 1767. 
Meletiah, dau. of Silvanus Clark and Rachel, November 27, 1769. 
Rachel, dau. of Silvanus Clark and Rachel, August 4, 1772. 
Asa, son of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, September 18, 1766. 
Elkanah, son of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, September 1, 1768. 
Catee, dau. of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, May 10, 1770. 
Luther, son of Nehemiah Clark and Judith, May 6, 1773. 
Increase, son of Enoch Hewins and Sarah, October 22, 1769. 
Sarah, dau. of Enoch Hewins and Sarah, December 16, 1771. 
Ebenezer, son of Philip Withington and Rebekah, March 29, 1769. 
Elijah, son of Philip Withington and Rebekah, October 19, 1771. 
Benjamin, son of Benjamin Hewins and Sarah, June 1 8, 17 47. "6^ A/ j-///*?." 
Sarah, dau. of Benjamin Hewins and Sarah, April 1, 1749. 
Mehitable, dau. of Benj. Hewins and Sarah,March 3, llb&.^^New stile.^^ 
Experience, dau. of Benjamin Hewins and Sarah, July 18, 1760. 
David, son of Benjamin Hewins and Sarah, March 7, 1768. 
Jeremiah, son of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, Sept. 28, 1757. 
Samuel, son of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna. July 8, 1758. 
Sarah, dau. of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, August 9, 1759. 
Anna, dau of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, July 1, 1761. 
Edward, son of Jeremiah Belcher, Jr., and Anna, March 31, 1763. 



122 POWDEB HOBN OF CAPT. LEWIS COLBUBN. 



POWDER HORN OF CAPTAIN LEWIS COLBURN 

The recent interest shown in inscribed powder-horns brings to 
mind the fact that the Dedham Historical Society has in its posses- 
sion a horn of some historic association, as it was carried through 
the RevoUitionary War by Lewis Colburn, a Dedham soldier. 

The horn is a section about five inches long, having on one end 
the initials "MM ", on one side the date " 1770 ", and around the top 
a rather elaborate design of a double row of scallops, with ornaments 
above and below. Around the lower part are figures resembling 
trees, the whole evidently done with no better tool than a pocket 
knife. The initials " F " and " P " appear near one end. 

After Mr. Colburn's death the horn came into possession of the 
late Timothy Baker of West Dedham, whose daughter presented it to 
the Dedham Historical Society. 

Lewis Colburn was the eldest son of Samuel and Mercy Dean 
Colburn, and the fifth in line from Nathaniel Colburn, one of the first 
Dedham settlers. He was born in West Dedham, June 5, 1752, and 
married Mary Onion, Aug. 26, 1773. 

On the muster roll of Dedham soldiers in Capt Guild's company 
Col. Greaton's regiment, assembled on the 19th of April, 1775, his 
name appears as " Serg't Lews Colburn." Mrs. Helen (Colburn) 
Fisher has kindly furnished some facts in regard to him. 

After the war he took an active part in Shays's Rebellion. He is 
described as a tall, broad-shouldered, finely-formed man of soldierly 
bearing, fair-complexioned, lively, well-informed and fond of jokes 
and story telling, and especially of recalling his army experiences. 
Some of his descendants nov/ living remember his interesting account 
of driving a team loaded with army stores and ammunition from Bos- 
ton to West Point, at that time of so great strategic value. 

He died in West Dedham, June 1, 1843, aged ninety-one years. 

E. F. C. 



Query. 

Joel Metcalf was born in Providence, R. I., in 1755 ; married 
on Dec. 9, 1779, Lucy, daughter of Jabez and Hannah (Bradford) 
Gay, of Attleborough, Mass. His ancestry is wanted. 



The continuation of the Mann Family, by Mrs. Pickford, will 
appear in the October number. 



HARRY K. QHATSWELL, D. D. S. 

Craduated and Registered 

SUI?.a-EOIsr IDElsTTIST, 
High Street, Dedham 

THE HELIOTYPE PRINTING CO. 

211 TREMONT ST., BOSTON, MASS. 

ILLUSTRATIONS PRODUCED BY THE MOST APPROVED PHOTO- 
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Sor-^crlco Toy 'StK.&t&ic oa:- CJoaoitir^-ct. 



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FOLDED ANCESTRAL CHART. 

By JULIUS H. TUTTLE. 

Published under the auspices of the Dedham Historical Society. 

"Mr. Tuttle's device is a circular cliart of stout jute paper, folded in sectors, and com- 
pactly secured in a trianoular cover (7x16). When fullv spread out, it is thirt\-two Indies 
in diameter, and presents the entire ancestry to the eye at onr-e. Ordinarily, \^ hiMi 'n 
use. only two sectors ai'e exposed in the same manner as the pages of a book; but the 
whole niay be quickly and conveniently dr iwn out, like a fan, for ready reference to any 
part Spaces for thenames of ancestors and dates of birtbs, marriaue's and deaths are 
given, and r >om for additional notes is found on f^e back of the sheet. This chart is 
very simple, easily manipulated, and shows the direct connection with any ancestor. 
Copyrighted." (New Ene. Hist & Gen. Reg., Oct., 1895, p. 4G9.) 



KECOKDS SEAKCHED 

For Genealogical Information. 

Address Miss C. G. He wins, Dedham, Mass. 

STEARNS BROS. 

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giving the proceedings of the Civil and Criminal terms of Court held 
in the shire town. Especial attention is also given to the doings in 
the Probate and Insolvency Courts. Faithful correspondents in 
nearly every town in the County keep the reader posted on the local 
happenings from week to week, which will be found of especial 
interest to residents, as well as to those of I^^orfolk County who have 
migrated to distant parts of the country. 

The subscription price is Two Dollars a Year, in advance, in- 
cluding postage. 

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Publisher. 
Dedham, Mass., July 1, 1890. 



OL. VII. OCTOBER, 1896 



No. 4. 



Irr,»--,««jiiik7..,.^ 




1 




PVBLISMED BYTME 



DEDMAM HISTORICAL JOCIETY 



DEDrtAA^, MA5SACMVSETTS.. 



JULIUS H. TUTTLE, Editor. 

Associate Editors, 

HARRIET T. BOYD, . . . EDNA F. CALDER. 

Business Manager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



CONTENTS FOR OCTOBER, 1896. 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Half-tone of the homestead of Thomas Wight, . . . . 123 
Belief plate, showing westerly face of Pillar of Liberty, . . 123 
Belief plate^ showing Thomas Wight's Grant 147 

WILLIAM PITT, THE PATRON OF THE AMERICAN 

COLONIES, Carlos Slafter. 123 

THE AARON SMITH PUZZLE, . George Kuhn Clarke. 136 

MANN FAMILY, Dedham Branch, Mrs. Anna M. Pickford. 140 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {To he cont,) Edna F. Calder. 145 

HOMESTEAD OF THOMAS WIGHT, 1637-1652. ... 147 

REVELATIONS OF GENEALOGY, Partridge Family. . 148 

Lyman Partridge. 

STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON) BIRTHS, . William B. Ilann. 152 

THE FISHER FAMILY, Philip A. Fisher. 154 

SOME RECENT DEATHS, 156 

Query. Thomas— Edwards— Metcalf. . . . .156 
Reply. Metcalf Family. . 156 

All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1.00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 

Printed at the office of the Dedham Transcript. 
Entered at the Post Office, Dedliam, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 




HOMESTEAD OF THOMAS WIGHT, 
1637-1652. 



The Dedham Historical Register. 



Vol. VII. October, 189G. No. 4. 

WILLIAM PITT, THE PATRON OF THE AMERICAN 

COLONIES. 

By Caelos Slafter. 

~V7"0U doubtless all remember that Robert Burns said of his 
-■- Epistle to a Young Friend, "Perhaps it may turn out a 
song, perhaps a sermon." As I am quite sure my production 
will "turn out a sermon," I have chosen a text which you will 
find on the west face of the Pillar of Liberty, in these words : 
Max Ime Patrono Pitt. 
^^ -Tr%« r> T According to the 

"T Ke Tillar of Liberty i^'^^y °^ ^'- ^"^^th- 

aniel Ames, these 
words were chis- 
eled in the hard 
granite on the 11th 
or 12th day of 



Erccid iytlic Sons of LiDerby 
anihrs Vicinity^ 

LausDEORECJi,etLinnnitar So'll^s doIXt- 
autoribus q.m axinieiatrono 



less Dr. Ames him- 
self, under the 
Px T T, Oai Remp-uL .mrfumevalflt. advice, however, of 
TT* "L f\ • ^^® Sons of Lib- 
J: aUCJhfUS U rex erty, an assocation, 
or society, whose members were to be found, probably, in all the 
more important towns of the thirteen American Colonies. 

This paper was read at a meeting of the Dedham. Historical Society, 
held on May 7, 1896. For a full account of the Pillar, by Erastus Worthington, 
see Anniversary Proceedings of the Town, 1886, pages 170-177, and for a brief 
account see Kegistee, I. 140. A view of the Pillar and bust as they appeared 
in 1802 will be found in Vol. I. page 121. See als(. Vol. II. pages 60, 96, 97, 118. 



124 WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

"Patrono", as it is used in this connection, expresses the rela- 
tion in which William Pitt was regarded as standing to the 
American Colonies. The question at once arises whether this 
relation of patron, or protector, was purely voluntary, for which 
no compensation was promised, or expected. I find no intima- 
tion from any source that any hope of reward influenced the 
Great Commoner to espouse the cause of the colonies. But the 
fact that he voluntarily took up their defence, and gave them 
the benefit of his matchless eloquence and wide popularity, made 
them eager to engrave on imperishable stone their acknowledg- 
ment that he was the chief defender of their liberties. 

By the word patrono, then, we are reminded that in a Par- 
liament 3000 miles away, he stood as the one distinguished 
protectoi' of Colonial rights, and was regarded by the colonists 
themselves as having peculiar claims to their confidence and 
affection. The freedmen of ancient Rome had their patrons, 
generally their former masters, to defend their interests : so the 
freemen of America, who had never been, and never could be, 
slaves, looked to William Pitt as their patron, who had now a 
second time rescued them from impending serfdom. Such are 
the ideas suggested by the word "patrono", which the stone-cutter 
Howard entrusted to the granite block, still remaining to express 
the gratitude of men who then were content to be the subjects 
of a British sovereign. 

An inscription of this import would not have been made at a 
much later day. It was among the later avowals of colonial 
allegiance and loyalty; and as the name of Pitt alone of all the 
great Englishmen of that time was thus honored, it becomes us 
to keep ourselves familiar with a character which was so revered 
both in England and throughout her colonies. To enable us to 
do this, I have collected from various sources some facts of his 
remarkable career, giving special attention and prominence to 
those which connected him with the history of the American 
Colonies and their struggle in defence of their liberties. 

William Pitt belonged to a family "not of great distinction, 
but well respected," that held the suffrage rights of Old Sarum, 



1896.] WILLIAM PITT. 125 

which at a later period became the type of rotten boroughs as 
they were represented in parliament. He was born at West- 
minster, November 15, 1708, the second son of Robert Pitt and 
the grandson of Thomas, who was known in England as Diamond 
Pitt. This appellation was applied to him from the fact, that 
when he was governor of Madras, or Fort St. (reorge, he came 
into possession of what was then supposed to be the largest dia- 
mond known. This stone of the first water weighed 146 carats, 
and he sold it to the Duke of Orleans, Regent of France, for 
X135,000, or about 1675,000. The Pitt diamond was the best 
in quality of all the great diamonds, and when it had afterwards 
been placed in the crown of France was called the Regent. Its 
value was then estimated at 500,000 pounds sterling, or about 
two and a half million dollars. With a part of the proceeds of 
this diamond Thomas Pitt bought the " burgage tenures " of Old 
Sarum, which in plain English means, I suppose, the right of 
representing that borough in the English House of Commons. 
This right, I think, was exercised successively by the grand- 
father, father, and oldest brother of William Pitt, and finally by 
William Pitt himself. Such in brief was the value of the dia- 
mond to the fortunate Pitt familj^ 

We are reminded very early in our study of Pitt's life that 
he was a genuine Englishman, for he inherited the gout largely ; 
which legacy began to make itself felt even when he was a stu- 
dent at Eton preparing for the University of Oxford. In Jan- 
uary, 1726, he entered Trinity College, but his gout allowed him 
no peace there ; and, before the year had expired, he sought and 
found partial relief in travel on the Continent. The time was 
not lost, however, for he made his excursions useful by studious 
observation of whatever came in his way. His father dying in 
1727, he was obliged to return to England, and, being destitute 
of income, he had to choose a calling by which he could live. 
He obtained a cornet's commission in the dragoons. This gave 
him a support and also furnished him the opportunity and 
inducement to study the nature and system of the military ser- 
vice, and to become acquainted with the personnel of the army 



126 WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

and navy, which was doubtless of great value to him in later 
years. 

But in 1735, his older brother having been chosen to the 
House of Commons from another borough, William Pitt took the 
seat for Old Sarum. While in one sense he represented nobody, 
for Old Sarum was then a deserted borough, in another sense he 
represented himself, a force that was some day to sway all Eng- 
land. He soon made his influence felt in opposition to the gov- 
ernment headed by Robert Walpole. So, to cripple his young 
opponent. Sir Robert took away the cornet's commission, a most 
unwise step, which confirmed Pitt's opposition, and even sharp- 
ened it into personal hostility. The Prince of Wales, the leader 
of the opposition to Walpole, as an offset made the young com- 
moner an officer of his household, which brought him an 
income that more than compensated for the loss of his cornet's 
commission. 

Pitt had now reached a position for which nature had de- 
signed him. Oratory had no better field at that day than the 
English House of Commons. Speeches were made there to in- 
fluence its proceedings ; not, as our congressional harangues, to 
fill the newspapers and be read by the speaker's constituents. 
For that kind of speaking William Pitt had every qualification. 
Adopting the language of another, " He had all the natural 
gifts an orator could desire, a commanding presence, a graceful 
bearing, an eye of piercing brightness, and a voice of the utmost 
flexibility." But he had more substantial qualities than these. 
A fervent zeal and intense earnestness of soul beamed from 
every feature. A burning love of liberty, as Englishmen then 
understood it, and the most intense patriotism glowed in all his 
speeches. The welfare of the people and the glory of the em- 
pire formed the base line of all his doctrines and all his meas- 
ures. He aimed at grand results and could make his hearers 
anticipate them and commit themselves to their achievement. 

Mr. Pitt's speeches were, from the necessity of the times, 
very imperfectly reported. Dr. Samuel Johnson wrote down, 
and probably more than half composed, some of them for the 



1896.] WILLIAM PITT. 127 

Gentleman's Magazine. As an example of these we have the 
reply of Pitt to Walpole's sneers at his youth ; the substance is 
doubtless the orator's, the words are in the style of the famous 
reporter. Pitt's opposition to Walpole resulted in that stateman's 
ceasing to be Prime Minister in 1742. Macaulay intimates that 
the conduct of Mr. Pitt was unjustly severe, and scarcely honor- 
able ; but we may not pause to discuss that charge. 

Pitt was still a poor man; but in 1744 he was surprised to 
receive a legacy of ,£10,000 from the estate of the Duchess of 
Marlborough. This gift was perhaps as expressive of her hatred 
of Walpole as of her admiration of the great commoner. How- 
ever, it was given, according to the words of her will, " upon ac- 
count of his merit in the noble defence he has made, for the 
support of the laws of England, and to prevent the ruin of his 
country." 

The king did not conceal his dislike of the man who had so 
boldly attacked the corruption and inefficiency of his ministers ; 
he persistently refused to give Mr. Pitt any position in the gov- 
ernment till the year 1746. But in February of that year Pitt 
was made Vice-Treasurer of Ireland ; and in the following June 
he was appointed Paymaster General of the king's forces. These 
offices gave Mr. Pitt an opportunity to display his public spirit 
and his integrity. Refusing to profit, as previous treasurers and 
paymasters had done, by three or four thousand pounds annually 
the interest of money lying in his hands and by one half per 
cent on all foreign subsidies, his conduct created that ptcblic 
confidence which was the mainspring of Pitt's power as a states- 
man. No one before his day had refused these perquisites of 
office, and his subordinates were amazed at his disinterestedness 
and self-denial. It was soon everywhere known, and it estab- 
lished a popularity seldom, if ever, equalled in England. 

It would involve too many particulars, and call for too many 
explanations to follow William Pitt's career in all its mutations, 
its ups and downs, its successes and reverses. In his first expe- 
rience as Secretary of State in 1756, his power was so limited 
and thwarted by his associates in offi.ce, and his sovereign^ that 



128 WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

all good results were neutralized ; and in 1756 lie was dismissed 
for opposing the king's Continental, or perhaps we should say, 
Hanoverian policy. Yet this did not impair his popularity. 
Throughout England the chief towns "voted him addresses and 
the freedom of their corporations." 

The government was soon beset by difficulties and discour- 
agements : the voice of the discarded minister, as might be 
expected, did not cease to be heard in disparagement of its meas- 
ures. But in the course of time, after many weeks of negotia- 
tion, an arrangement was made between the Duke of Newcastle 
and Mr. Pitt, the former to be the nominal, the latter the virtual 
head of the Government. The foreign affairs of the realm were 
entirely at the great commoner's disposal. This celebrated ad- 
ministration extended from June, 1757, to October, 1761, a little 
more than four years, "during which," to borrow the language 
of another, " the biography of Pitt is the history of England." 

In an interview with King George II. at the opening of his 
official term, Mr. Pitt said, " Sire, give me your confidence and 
I will deserve it." To which the king replied, "Deserve my con- 
fidence and you shall have it." 

The public service, especially the military, soon felt the touch 
and pressure of Pitt's hand. He chose able men to command, 
and then gave them earnest and effective support. Said Sir 
James Porter, an experienced diplomat of long service, "Dur- 
ing Mr. Pitt's administration there was such accurate knowledge 
and such an active spiril; to be seen in all the departments of 
state, and in all the concerns of the government, and such a 
striking alteration of manner, as well as in the matter, of official 
communications, that these circumstances alone would have per- 
fectly convinced me of Mr. Pitt's appointment, even if I had 
received no other notice of the event." 

Another high authority says : " While in office he held no 
levees, and acquired no possessions, but dedicated his whole time 
to the duties of his station." 

To Americans the most important work of Pitt's administra- 
tion was the conquest of Canada. Omitting all account of his 



1896.] WILLIAM PITT. 129 

success in the Indies by the agency of Lord Clive, and his per- 
formance in Europe by effectually aiding and securing the suc- 
cess of Frederic the Great, the results of his administration in 
America might be given in the following order: In 1758 Louis- 
burg and St. John were taken, and Forts Frontenac and Du 
Quesne subdued. In 1759 Niagara, Ticonderoga, and Crown 
Point were taken, and as the crowning event of the year, the 
army of Montcalm was defeated and Quebec captured. Montreal 
was the prize of the campaign of 1760. This completed his first 
rescue of the Colonies from destruction, " faucibus orci." The 
next year, the last of his administration, he destroyed the French 
power in India and annihilated the French marine, capturing or 
destroying 44 ships of the line, carrying 50 to 84 guns each, and 
26 sloops of war, of 8 to 18 guns each. That was the time when 
to love England meant fierce hatred of France. 

The blotting out of the French power in America left the 
Colonies here in perfect security and content. Consequently 
William Pitt was without a rival in their esteem and affections. 
With reason they might style him Patronus, or Patronus 
Maxim us. 

It is interesting to imagine Pitt's feelings as he beheld the 
fruits or results of his labors. He had planned the emancipation 
of America from French power and influence, and he now saw it 
as an Empire disenthralled. He desired to unite it to the mother 
country as a grand bulwark of her power and glory. He had 
indulged in noble visions of the future, and now he saw them 
advancing to become realities. 

The most valuable part of North America, the great bulk of 
it in fact, was to make the greater England if wisdom marked 
the counsels of the British government. Pitt saw and felt deeply 
all this, and the vision took possession of his great soul and was 
the last theme of his eloquence. 

But, although the power of this master hand in the govern- 
ment had borne such noble fruits, it was near its end. Georsfe 
the Third came to the throne in 1760. He thoroughly disliked 
William Pitt. Bute was his favorite, and was soon made Secre- 



130 , WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

tary of State. Pitt ceased to control the foreign affairs, and 
resigned his office in October, 1761. A historian of the time 
attributed his fall to "the corruption and avarice of such as paid 
homage to the distribution of rewards;" but he also adds, 
" although proscribed in the Court of his sovereign, he main- 
tained a place in the hearts of the people.'' 

Discouraged by the treatment received from the king, and 
broken in health, Mr. Pitt took no active part in politics for 
several years, seklom even appearing in parliament. But the 
expenses of the government in prosecuting the successful cam- 
paigns of his administration furnished the excuse for attempting 
to raise a revenue from the American Colonies; and in 1765, 
when Pitt was confined in his sick bed, the Stamp Act was 
passed. The excitement which the news of its passing occa- 
sioned in the Colonies was a great surprise to the friends of the 
measure. At first this hostility was regarded as too unreasonable 
to last, and a swift return to quiet acquiescence was generally 
looked for. But no abatement of the hostility was seen. An 
active and violent opposition was developed in all the Colonies, 
and a few months later the necessity of its repeal was urged 
upon the parliament. Pitt then reappeared in the House of 
Commons contending that it was unconstitutional to tax the 
Colonies. 

Under date of March 31, 1766, Dr. Ames wrote in his diary 
as follows : "Mr. Pitt, that best of men & true patriot, engaged 
in behalf of America." Had his aid and influence been solicited ? 
As Dr. Franklin was then in London, it is not unreasonable to 
suppose that the man, who could call down the lightnings from 
the clouds of heaven, did what he could to enlist in the cause of 
the Colonies the fiery eloquence of Mr. Pitt. But, however that 
may have been, the great commoner was earnest and bold in 
advocating the repeal. 

In reference to disorders caused by attempts to enforce the 
Act in Boston and elsewhere, he said, " I rejoice that America 
has resisted. Three millions of people so dead to all the feelings 
of liberty as voluntarily to submit to be slaves, are fit instru- 



1896.J WILLIAM PITT. 131 

ments to make slaves of all the rest." Later on he used these 
remarkable words : " The Americans have been wronged. They 
have been driven to madness by your injustice. Will you pun- 
ish them for the madness which you yourselves have occasioned." 
As a result of his efforts, seconded and supported by an out- 
spoken popular sympathy for America, the Stamp Act was 
repealed, and King George gave his assent to the act of repeal 
March 18, 1766. How the news of that repeal was received in 
this town, and how it was commemorated, I need not relate. 

Another period of enforced rest and inactivity threatened 
Mr. Pitt, and the king took a new method of destroying his 
influence. Wm. Pitt was an Englishman; and you need not be 
told that few Englishmen can refuse a title of nobility. By con- 
fering an Earldom on Mr. Pitt, George III. took an easy method 
of removing him from the House of Commons, his appropriate 
field of action. 

Although this did not, so far as we can discover, change or 
vitiate Mr. Pitt's principles, or corrupt his political ideas ; but it 
did destroy his popularity. As Earl of Chatham he lost that influ- 
ence which the name of Pitt everywhere carried with it. In the 
words of his biographer: "By accepting a peerage, he lost as 
much and as suddenly in popularity as he gained in dignity." 

As an illustration of this sudden change in the popular feel- 
ing, we have the fact that a banquet in honor of Wm. Pitt was 
in preparation, to be given in the city of London. But as soon 
as it was known that he had become Earl of Chatham, the grand 
entertainment was at once abandoned. 

But he was now so infirm in health, that under any circum- 
stances, he could have taken little part in public life. After a 
long season of confirmed and helpless invalidism, he resumed 
his seat in the House of Lords in the autumn of 1770, and his 
voice was again raised in opposition to the government's policy 
in respect to America. He urged the entire repeal of the Eev- 
enue Act of Charles Townsend. Lord North, on account of a 
petition from the merchants and traders of London, moved a 
partial relief ; but he declared that the duty on tea " must be 



132 . WILLIAM PITT. [Oc!:. 

retained as a mark of supremacy of Parliament and the efficient 
declaration of the right to govern the Colonies." So the duty 
on tea was continued, the result doubtless of the persistency of 
George the Third, who was over-anxious to maintain the prerog- 
atives of his sovereignt}^ 

Lord Chatham's interest in the Colonies did not abate. In 
1 771 he said, " Were I ten years younger, or in good health, I 
would spend the remainder of my d'djs in America." This seems 
to imply something more tlian interest ; in fact, something akin 
to admiration. 

In more than one conversation he was heard to say, "America 
would prove a staff to support the aged arm of Britain, the oak 
upon which she might hereafter lean, shielded and protected by 
filial duty and affection ; but his majesty's confidential advisers 
want to cut down the oak and plant their favorite weed of un- 
conditional surrender." 

In 1774 Lord Chatham, moved to withdraw the troops from 
Boston, assigning as his reason for this and other motions favor- 
ing the withdrawal of troops and ending the conflict, that " the 
mother country had been the aggressor from the beginning." 
Though some pronounced his language seditious, it produced 
no effect on his persistency in opposing the Colonial policy of 
the king and his ministers. 

On the 27th of May, 1774, he said: "I sincerely believe the 
destroying of the tea was the effect of despair." Also on the 
same occasion : " This, my Lords, has always been my received 
and unalterable opinion, and I shall carry it to my grave, that 
this country had no right under heaven to tax America." 

The address of the Continental Congress to the people of 
Great Britain in 1774, ends thus : " Place us in the same situ- 
ation that we were in at the close of the last war (that is in 
1762), and our former harmony will be restored." About the 
same time Lord Chatham wrote : " I fear the bond of union be- 
tween ns and America will be cut off forever. Devoted England 
will then have seen her best days, which nothing can restore 
again." 



i 



1896.] WILLIAM PITT. 133 

On Jan. 20, 1775, Lord Chatham moved an address to the 
king, asking for the removal of the troops from Boston; 
and in reference to acts of Parliament, shutting up the port of 
Boston and altering the charter of Massachusetts Bay, he used 
these words : " I say we must necessarily undo these violent 
and offensive acts. They must be repealed : you will repeal 
them. I pledge myself for it, you will in the end repeal them. I 
stake my reputation on it. I will consent to be taken for an 
idiot if they are not finally repealed." 

On February 1st, 1775, Lord Chatham offered a bill for 
quieting the troubles in America. It relinquished all right of 
taxing the Colonies, repealed all obnoxious laws, and secured 
just rights of trial and also the authority of the Parliament. 
This pacification bill was of course rejected ; but the people took 
it up, and the Corporation of London thanked Chatham and his 
supporters. Bnt troubles increased, and instead of pacification, 
the British king and ministry chose the arbitrament of war. For 
a while all opposition seemed to be useless. 

And yet Lord Chatham did not abandon hope of saving the 
Colonies. On the 13th of May, 1777, he made a motion to dis- 
continue the war in America, and said in support of it : "I mean 
the redress of all their grievances, and the right of disposing of 
their own money, leaving them in the same condition they were 
in before 1763, when they were entirely happy and contented." 
His efforts were of no avail, " madness ruled the hour." 

Bat Chatham did not change. Lord Percy moved an ad- 
dress, Nov. 18, 1777, in which the prosecution of the American 
war was recommended. This Chatham opposed in a noble 
speech, in which he employed these memorable words : " My 
Lords, you cannot conquer America. Were I an American as I 
am an Englishman, while a foreign troop was landed in my 
country, I never would lay down my arms, never, never, never." 

Soon after this it became evident that the French, the na- 
tion which William Pitt had humbled and driven from America, 
would go to the aid of the Colonies. No wonder this stirred 
his indignation ; and when the Duke of Bedford, on the 7th of 



134 ' WILLIAM PITT. [Oct. 

April, 1778, moved an address to the king, in which the neces- 
sity of finally admitting the independence of America was insin- 
uated, Chatham, feeble and emaciated, had with much difficulty 
come in to hear the address. 

The dismemberment of the kingdom through French influ- 
ence and interference, troubled him exceedingly. He rose to 
speak with great difficult}^ The opening of his speech was hardly 
audible ; but he raised his voice to something like his early vigor 
as he said, '' Shall this great kingdom, that has survived whole 
and entire the Danish depredations, the Scottish inroads, and 
the Norman conquest, and has withstood the threatened invasion 
of the Spanish Armada, now fall prostrate before the House of 
Bourbon? Surely, my Lords, this nation is no longer what it 
was ! Shall a people that seventeen years ago was the terror of 
the world now stoop so low as to say to its ancient, inveterate 
enemy, ' Take all we have ; only give us peace ' ? It is im- 
possible." 

Apparently much exhausted by this effort he took his seat, 
and Lord Temple suggested to him that he had forgotten to 
speak of the plan which he had communicated to him and was 
intending to urge upon the government, namely, to make such 
an impression upon France in Europe, that she would be unable 
to aid the Colonies ; and then to offer such a plan of union with 
the Americans as would reconcile them to the mother country 
and save the unity of the British Empire. Lord Chatham replied 
that he would speak again on those points. 

The Duke of Richmond spoke briefly in reply, when Lord 
Chatham attempted to rise again. But after two or three unsuc- 
cessful efforts he fainted and fell into his chair ; or, as some say, 
fell down in an apoplectic fit. He was carried out in an insen- 
sible condition, and was removed immediately to his private villa 
at Hayes, where he languished till the eleventh of May, 1778. 

Col. Barre communicated the news of his death to the House 
of Commons. On this occasion all appearance of party was 
extinguished by the general sadness, and Col. Barre at once 
moved, " That an humble address be presented. ' That his 



1896. J WILLIAM PITT. 135 

Majesty will be generously pleased to give directions that the 
remains of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, be interred at the 
public expense, and that a monument be erected in the collegiate 
church of St. Peter, Westminster, to the memory of that great 
and excellent statesman, bearing an inscription expressive of the 
sentiments of the people on so great and irreparable a loss." 

Lord North came in while this motion was reading ; and, on 
learning what the proposals were, expressed his regret at not 
having been present to make the motion himself. The motion 
was agreed to unanimously. 

Lord John Cavendish proposed in the House of Lords " that 
ample provision be made for the family of the man who had, 
whilst in the nation's service, neglected his own affairs and never 
availed himself of the greatest opportunities of enriching 
himself." 

Appropriate eulogies were pronounced in both Houses of 
Parliament ; and one speaker, referring to his last hours, said, 
" His whole study, his whole employment, his only attention 
were the exaltation of his country and the humiliation of her 
enemies. He grieved at the prohibition laid on the execution of 
his plans ; and he died in an effort to preserve the dominion of 
a continent which he had in part acquired, and would have 
wholly secured to the British name forever." 

I will add to this the words of an unknown author, who 
seems to have given in two sentences a good explanation of Pitt's 
mighty influence. " He was the first to discern that public opin- 
ion, though slow to form, and slow to act, is in the end the par- 
amount power in the state, and he was the first to use it, not in 
an emergency merely, but throughout a whole political career. 
To the people of England and her Colonies, he was endeared, 
as a statesman who could do, or suffer nothing base : and he had 
the rare power of transfusing his own indomitable energy and 
courage into all who served under himr 

This paper, ladies and gentlemen, to which you have listened, 
I fear, at the expense of much patience, is the result of an effort 
to satisfy myself that the Sons of Liberty bestowed on the name 



136 ' AABON SMITH PUZZLE. [Oct. 

of William Pitt no empty or undeserved honor. I have been 
gratified in finding that Mr. Pitt never, as some have assumed, 
ceased to favor the liberties and respect the rights of the Amer- 
ican Colonies. He evidently desired to embody them in the 
British Empire, giving them equal powers and privileges with 
their brethren in England. He never proposed to conquer them, 
or thought it possible. He would have resisted and de- 
stroyed the power of France in Europe, and then would have 
won back the alienated Colonies by a restoration of all their 
rights, and thus made them a contented and happy part of the 
Empire which he had so loyally served, and which he desired 
so much to aggrandize and exalt. 



THE AARON SMITH PUZZLE. 

By George Kuiin Clarke. 

In 1781, 1790-99, 1801-04, 1808-12, 1817, 1818, 1820, 1822, 
1828, 1829, Aaron Smith was selectman of the tov/n of Needham ; 
but as there were at least three of that name in town from 1776 
to 1797 or 1798, it has been exceedingly difficult to identify the 
selectman. For years the writer has tried to discover signatures 
which would solve the problem, but has had small success. All 
the available evidence havino: been collected, it seems worth 
while to preserve it, and to state the conclusions reached. 

It will not be in appro j)riate to antedate the period in ques- 
tion, and to mention briefly Ensign Aaron Smith, who was 
selectman in 1737, 1740, 1742, 1744 and 1747-51, nine years, 
and who died April 15, 1776, aged 77, and whose gravestone is 
inscribed with the title of Lieutenant (see Eegister, II. 23). 
He was perhaps a shoemaker as well as a farmer, and lived on 
or near what is now South Street, not far from its junction with 
High Rock Street. He left a widow, Martha, but no children, 
and devised a portion of his estate, and all the rest of it after 
the decease of his wife, to his "well beloved Cousin Aaron 
Smith of Killingly in the County of Windom and in the 



1896.] AABOJSr SMITH PUZZLE. 137 

Colony of Connecticut," who had already a deed of one-half of 
his homestead, subject to the life-rights of himself and wife. This 
homestead consisted of thirty-four acres, with house, barn and 
shops, and he had twelve acres " at a place called the Plain," 
three acres of swail, and two acres of woodland at Mill Brook ; 
total, fifty-one acres. 

The "Cousin" Aaron Smith was named as executor, and 
signed the bond as Aaron Smith Junr. He was the nephew of 
the lieutenant, although called " Cousin " in his uncle's will. He 
came to Needham in season to march to Lexington as one of the 
East Company, Capt. Robert Smith, April 19, 1775, and brought 
back the body of Elisha Mills, killed at West Cambridge, and 
married the widow, Deborah Mills, as his second wife. The 
eldest child of Aaron and Sarah Smith was Sarah, born in Kil- 
lingly, 1769, and a son, Aaron, born there May 13, 1773, was 
perhaps the Aaron Smith Junr of Needham, who married, July 
19, 1795, Grace Gay of Dedham. The youngest of the family, 
Polly, was born in Needham in 1776. A town treasurer's book 
contains the following : — 

Pd By order of the Selectmen that was Paid in the War 

To M^ Aaron Smith Jun^;^6. 
1777 To Aaron Smith Jun^;^62. 10^. 8^ 

To Aaron Smith Jun^ £3. 12. 

To Aaron Smith 3d £Q. 13. 4 

To Aaron Smith Jun^ 8« 

To Capn Aaron Smith ;^12. 6 8 
1779 To Cap'^ Aaron Smith ;^30. 

The Aaron who came from Killingly called himself "Junr " 
for many years, and is probably the one referred to above. 
Aaron Smith 3d was perhaps the Captain's son. 

There are many town orders in favor of Capn Aaron Smith 
and of Aaron Smith Junr, but none of them assist this research. 
On March 12, 1781, the town chose five selectmen, as usual, and 
fourth in the list was Cap"" Aaron Smith "refused to serve." 

The fifth was Mr. Aaron Smith Junr, and as the selectmen 
were elected singly in those days he may have been the Captain's 



13a ' AAEON SMITH PUZZLE. [Oct. 

son Aaron, then twenty-five years of age, chosen after the 
father's refusal to serve w^as announced, but there was a vacancy 
which was filled in ApriL In all probability it was Aaron, for- 
merly of Killingly, "Hawk" Aaron, as he was called. I think 
that " Hawk " Aaron was the Aaron Smith Junr appointed by 
the town April 3, 1786, and again November 22, 1790, to serve 
on an important committee, which included Capt. Aaron Smith, 
and that in 1787 he was assessor together with the Captain. 
" Hawk " Aaron may have been assessor other years, but prob- 
ably not many. He was undoubtedly on the committee for the 
Great Plain School District in 1791, 94, 95 and 97, and in the 
latter year, though still called Junr by the town clerk, he signed 
without the Junr, if the record is correct. He seems to have 
dropped the Junr about the time that Aaron of the West Parish 
did, that is, very soon after the death of the Captain, which is 
confusing. 

Aaron Smith Junr "drew" pew number 7 in the East Meet- 
ing house, December 15, 1778, and in 1783, the Parish warrant 
is directed to him as " Constable of the First Parish," November 
3, 1786, Aaron Smith was chosen by the First Parish one of a 
committee "to report what shall be Voted for the Rev^^ M^ 
West" and Mr. Aaron Smith was chosen on a "Committee to 
reckon with the Committee that was Chose to Build the meeting 
House in this Parish," and the report as to the latter matter was 
signed Aaron Smith Junr, according to the record. In 1787 Mr. 
Aaron Smith was collector for the south side of the East Parish. 

On September 22, 1788, the First Parish chose Mr. Aaron 
Smith Junr one of " a Committee to make inspection into the 
pews that are sold and not paid for," and November 20, 1788, 
Mr. Aaron Smith Junr was one of the committee " to Settle eney 
matters between the Rev'^ M'. West and the Parish," "To Pro- 
vide Preaching," "To take care of the Churcli land." On March 
16, 1789, and February 26, 1793, he was placed on a committee 
" to hold a conference with a Committee that might be Chosen 
in the West Parish," and April 20, " to find out what y* Parish 
is in Debt." September 21, 1789, he appears to have been made 



1896.] AAROj^ smith PUZZLE. 139 

chairman of an important committee, and again, October 5, 
1789. On March 1, 1791, Aaron Smith, Jr., is the first named 
of the three men chosen Parish Committee, and March 19, 1792, 
he was re-elected. In 1796 and 1797 he was on the committee to 
reclion with tlie parish treasurer, and the Junr does not appear 
in the record, even where the name is signed to a report. 1797 
is the last year that the name of Aaron Smith or of Aaron Smith 
Junr is found in the parish records, and about that time " Hawk '^ 
Aaron conveyed his property in Needham and returned to Kil- 
lingly. He was presumably the man referred to in the parish 
records quoted, and who served on various committees not men- 
tioned above. 

Captain Aaron Smith of the West Parish was born in Need- 
ham, March 28, 1730, died there December 4, 1795, and was son 
of Jonathan Smith. Capt. Smith commanded the West Com- 
pany, April 19, 1775, and served later in the Revolution, receiv- 
ing compensation therefor, as before noted, in 1777 and 1779. 
For many years he was often on important committees appointed 
by the town, particularly during the war. In 1783 and 1789 
he was selectman, and was assessor several years. 

Aaron Smith Junr of the West Parish was born in Needham 
October 5, 1756, and died there April 26, 1833, and was son of 
Capt. Aaron and Beulah, The son was in his father's company 
on the day of Lexington, and is probably the Aaron Smith 3d 
named in the town records. Aaron Smith Junr was selectman 
1790-95, and Aaron Smith 1796-98. After 1795, the year that 
Capt. Smith died, the selectman ceased to sign as " Junr." 

The writer has no doubt that Aaron of the West Parish was 
the selectman, 1790-97, rather than "Hawk" Aaron, but there 
is perhaps a question as to which it was. The signatures of 
Aaron Smith Junr, selectman in 1794, and of Aaron Smith, se- 
lectman in 1798, have been found, and were apparently written 
by the same hand. 

On March 12, 1798, and again in 1799, Aaron Smith Junr 
was chosen constable, the latter year being designated for the 
West Parish. In 1799 he was elected selectman, but did not 
sign as Junr according to the record. Aaron Smith Junr was 



140 , 31 ANN FAMILY. [Oct. 

chosen tythingman in 1800. Aaron Smith was selectman in 
1801-04, 1808-12, 181T-18, 1820, 1822, 1828, 1829, and is called 
" Esq." in the town records in 1828 and 1829. People now liv- 
ing recall him as "Squire" Smith, and inform me that in his 
latter years, perhaps for many years, he lived in a house now 
owned by Mr. H. H. Hunnewell, and situated on the right side 
of Washington street in Wellesley. His home was the second 
house after crossing the brook going towards Natick. 

For many years he was an assessor, town treasurer 1822-24, 
delegate to the constitutional convention, and in 1827 represen- 
tative to the General Court. He certainly was selectman 1798- 
99, 1801-04, 1808-12, 1817-18, 1820, 1822, 1828 and 1829, 
seventeen years, and appears to have been the only Aaron Smith 
in town. The writer believes him to have also held that office 
1790-97, which would make twenty-five years service as select- 
man. If Smith had been '' East," the West Parish would have 
had but one of the five selectmen daring several of the years 
from 1790 to 1797, which is improbable. Squire Smith left no 
son, but until recently his daughters were living. 



DEDHAM BRANCH OF THE MANN FAMILY. 

Compiled by 

Anna Maria (Tolman) Pickford. 

{Continued from page 65.) 

10. Anna Maria', second daughter (twin) of Herman 
and Sarah Mann, was born in Dedham, September 7 1805 ; 
married, first. May 1, 1828, David Stone, wheelwright, son of 
Thomas and Hannah Stone, of Framingham. He died June 25, 
1889; buried in Dedham. She married, secondly, September 
19, 1844, Benjamin Howland Otis, carpenter and inventor. He 
was the son of Prince and Hannah Otis, of Scituate. She died 
October 28, 1872, in Havana, Illinois. Children ; — 

Sarah Haynes^ b. in Dedham, Jan. 28, 1830; m. 1st, 
Solon C. Harris, of Cleveland, Ohio, Oct. 17, 1848. He 
d. March 13, 1855. She m. 2dly Alexander Burton 



1896.] MAJS'JS FAMILY. 141 

Wilcox, May 31, 1857. He d. July 1, 1893. She d 
June 5, 1895. Both buried in Lowell. 

Ellen Maria^, b. Dec. 14, 1832, in Dedham ; m. Louis 
B. Caldwell, Nov. 25, 1857 ; d. Sept. 28, 1866, in Syra- 
cuse, N. Y. He was b. 1837, in Providence, R. I. 

Edward Howland^ son of Anna Maria (Mann-Stone) 
and Benjamin Howland Otis, b. in Syracuse, N. Y., 
Sept. 29, 1846; d. March 6, 1864. 

11, Lydia Sophia^, third daughter of Herman and Sarah 
(Haynes) Mann, was b. in Dedham, September 7, 1805 ; m. 
March 30, 1831, in Dedham, John Broad, son of John and 
Lucy (Broad) Tolman. She d. in Lynn, Aug. 24, 1891. See 
Tolman Genealogy, ante, V. 176; VI. 28. He built in 1839-40 
the house now standing on the corner of Spruce and Washing- 
ton Streets, Dedham, and owned by Elijah Howe, Jr. In ApriL, 
1848, he sold it and returned to Lynn. Children : 

FRANCIS^ b. March 3, 1832; d. June 25, 1838. 
THEODORE^ b. June 7, 1835 ; d. July 31, 1838. Both buried 

in Dedham. 
15. Anna Maria^ b. April 20, 1838, in Lynn; m. Deacon 

Charles Jarvis Pickford. 

12. Lucia Narcissa'^, fourth daughter of Herman and 
Sarah Mann, was b. Nov. 7, 1807, in Dedham ; m. March 30, 
1831, Reuben Sumner Wilson, carpenter. He was b. Nov. 27, 
1805, and d. Nov. 20, 1874. She d. Oct. 12, 1874. Burled in 
Dedham, old Cemetery. Children, all born in Dedham: — 

Emily Lovering^ b. Jan 1, 1832; m. Oct. 9, 1862, Ralph 
Tucker, carpenter, b. in Needham, Nov. 30, 1822. Re- 
side in Dedham, Mass. 

Edward Herman^, b. Dec. 13, 1835; d. April 18, 1837. 

Isabel^ b. June 9, 1837 : d. Sept. 9, 1839. 

Mary IsABEL^ b. Sept. 7, 1842 ; m. Dec. 8, 1864, John D. 
Andrews. Reside in Cambridgeport, Mass. 

George Edward^ b. Dec. 22, 1844; m. March 31, 1885, 
Janette D. Higby. She was b. Aug. 9, 1847. Reside 
in Dedham. Child, Siwiner Wilson^ b. July 9, 1847. 

William HERMAN^ b. Dec. 11, 1845 : d. Aug. 20, 1849. 



142 ' MANN FAMILY. [Oct. 

13. Edwaed"^, sixth son of Herman and Sarah Mann, was 
born in Dedham, July 15, 1810 ; m. Oct. 17, 1834, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Stephen and Mary Perkins, of Olney, Maine. She 
was born Feb. 10, 1813, and died Oct. 30, 1842. He died Oct. 
29, 1848, in Worcester. Both buried in Dedham. " Mr. Edward 
Mann was a gentleman of refined taste with a penchant for 
poetry," Norfolk County Gazette, October 30, 1842. His writ- 
ings, both of poetry and prose, of which there were many, have 
never been found since his death. Children, born in Dedham: — 
Helen Elizabeth^, b. July 15, 1835 ; m. John Haynes, 
March 27, 1873. He was b. May 30, 1830. Reside in 
Cambridgeport, Mass. 
Emily Perkins^, b. May 13, 18 ; m. Addison H. Rams- 
dell, Dec. 25, 1844. They reside in Medway, Mass., in 
which place Mrs. Ramsdell was for many years reporter 
for the West Medway Gazette and Medway Sentinel. 
She had also written for the Dedham Gazette, both 
prose and poetry, and for several Sunday School papers. 
14 » Franklin^, seventh son of Herman and Sarah Mann, 
was born in Dedham, May 28, 1813 ; m. Dec. [ ], 1884, Mari- 
anna, daughter of Lemuel and Laura Davenport, of Hanover, 
N. H. She was born Feb. 3, 1814; d. [ ]. He died Oct. 
25, 1881. Both buried in Brooklyn, N. Y. His business was 
marbleing paper and books. Children : — 

Franklin^, b. Sept. 7, 1835; d. Sept. 6, 1844. 

ALFRED^ b. Sept. 27, 1839 ; d. Dec. 27, 1839 ; both b. in 

Dedham. 
Laura DAVENPORT^ b. Sept. 12, 1850; d. June 18, 1876. 

Buried in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Anna Maria^ b. Dec. 23, 1852. 
15. Anna Maria^, only daughter of John Broad and 
Lydia Sophia (Mann) Tolman, was b. in Lynn, April 20, 1838; 
m. Deacon Charles Jarvis Pickford in that city Sept. 28, 1864. 
He was b. May 24, 1833, at Kennebunk, Maine, and was the 
second son of John Kay Livermore and Elizabeth (Shepard) 
Pickford. From 1836 to 1864 his home was in Worcester, Mass. 
He united with the Pleasant Street Baptist Church in that 



1896.] MANN FAMILY 143 

place Feb. 2, 1857. Was superintendent of its Sunday ScliooL 
Moved to Lynn in 1864 and engaged in the shoe business under 
the firm name of Winslow & Pickford, and shortly after estab- 
lished himself in the real estate and insurance business as Wood- 
bury & Co., and later as Silsbee & Pickford. 

He retired some years ago from active business, on account 
of the failure of his health. He has been connected with many 
religious and philanthropic movements, being a deacon of the 
Washington Street Baptist Church, Lynn, superintendent of the 
Sunday School for five years ; also a member of the standing 
committee of the church. He was a member of and chairman of 
the Tolman Temperance Fund Committee of the Y. M. C. A. of 
Lynn, and a trustee of the Baptist Theological Seminary of 
Richmond, Va. He was a man of wide influence for good," with 
a bright, active mind, keen in all its workings, a tender sympa- 
thetic heart, a nature whose primal instincts were to respond to 
every worthy call. In society he would be called a courteous 
gentleman ; in travel, a most enjoyable companion ; in business, 
energetic, prompt, far seeing, genuinely reliable ; in conversa- 
tion and conference, original in his point of view and fresh in 
his method and form of presentation." " He was a member of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society, and was elected 
a member of the Massachusetts Society of Colonial Wars, Feb- 
ruary, 1895. His ancestors in the Pickford family were the 
noted family of that name in England, who were in business as 
carriers in the middle of the last century in England. 

On the paternal side Mr. Pickford was descended from the 
Livermore family, and through them, by intermarriage, with the 
Harrington, Ward, Stone, Hager and Flagg families, a descend- 
ant of early Watertown settlers. His mother was Elizabeth 
Shepard, a descendant of Ralph Shepard, and her mother a 
Goulding, from the Gouldings of Worcester County, a family 
which intermarried with the Palmer, Rice and other well known 
families of that county. Through marriages with the Pickfords 
in England, Mr. Pickford's ancestry included the Kay and other 
families in- the gentry of Lancashire. He died in Brookline, 



144 MANN FAMILY. [Oct. 

Mass., June 7, 1895. Buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, Lynn, 
Mass. Child : — 

16. Alice Tolman^, b. June 4, 1868; m. Louis Gadner, son 

of Christopher and Abbie Ann (Gee) Brockway, Oct. 

29, 1891. See Tolman genealogy. Child: Richmal 

Pickford^\^ b. Dec. 3, 1892 ; d. Dec. 7, 1892 ; buried in 

Pine Grove Cemetery, Lynn. 

Ninth Generation, 
Children of Henry Augustus^ and Mercy (Gage) Mann : — 
George Herman^ b. [ ]; d. [ ] 1864. 
Ernest^. 

Clarence A.^ b. Dec. 28, 1850. 
Children of Benjamin and Sarah^ (Mann) Swasey: — 

Elizabeth Mann^, b. Jan. 30, 1847; m. Hiram Lord of 

Newburyport, Jan. 7, 1868. 
Edward Smith®, b. May 21, 1850; d. March 21, 1851. 
Carrie Herman^ b. Feb. 8, 1852 ; m. Geo. W. Dickey 

of Portsmouth, Dec. 6, 1874; he d. May 25, 1893. 
Edward FRANKLIN^ b. Nov. 3, 1854; d. Feb. 1884. 
Alice Mary^, b. Aug. 1, 1857. 

Children of Charles B. and Charlotte^ (Mann) Ewer, all 
born in Dedham : — 

Mary Isabel®, b. Oct. 19, 1844 ; m. James Kennedy of 
England, Aug. 23, 1877: d. May 10, 1878. 

Alfred®, b. Feb. 28, 1845 ; m. Nov. 17, 1870, Elsie L. 
Curtis. 

Lily®, b. March 8, 1852 ; m. John H. Wright, Dec. 24, 
1875; d. March 11, 1876. 

Children of Charles and Charlotte^ (Ewer) Russell : — 

Elmer®, b. in Dedham, June 2, 1861 ; m. Elizabeth A. 
Hewins, Sept. 19, 1889. Their child, Fkilip Alden^'' b. 
July 13, 1892. 
John Irvin®, b. in Dedham, May 5, 1864. 
Children of Alexander and Sarah^ (Stone) Wilcox : — 

George Stratton, b. Oct 27, 1860 ; d. Feb. 18, 1888, in 
Lowell, Mass. 



1806.] THE AMES BIABY. 145 

Frederick Alexander^, b. Aug. 20, 1862 ; m. Emma 
Stratton, Jan. 3, 1882. She was b. Jan 3, 1862. Reside 
in Lowell. 

Child of Louis B. and Ellen^ (Stone) Colweil :— 

Frank M^, b. Aug. 25, 1859, in Havana, III; m. Oct. 20, 
1880, Jennie E. Whitmer. She was b. June 25, 1859, in 
Auburn, N. Y. Reside in Auburn, N. Y. 
Children of Ealph and Emily^ (Wilson) Tucker, all born in 
Dedham : — 

Frank Wilson^ b. Jan. 14, 18C6. 
Charles Herman^ b. March 5, 1868. 
Children of John D. and Mary^ (Wilson) Andrews, born 
Dedham : — 

George Edward^ b. Nov. 28, 1865. 
William Henry», b. Oct. 1, 1867. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 

By Edna Frances Calder. 

{Continued from page 117.) 

By favor of Capt. Edw^. Dowse who lent me the Travels of Ana- 
charsis a Scythian in Greece I finished readiog the same at the End of 
the Year with much Satisfaction in 7 elegant Volumes & an 8th of 
Maps & charts & elegant views of Grecian Architecture. The PropylaBa 
or Vestibule for entrance into the Citadel of Athens is noble the bare 
view of the Picture thereof gives a magnificent idea their Architecture, 
and the history of the Greeks with views of their Temples & public 
buildings might greatly correct the taste of our Carpenters accordingly 
I called in Eliph' Baker a young Carpenter to show him these Plans— 
butl do not expect our ( arpenters will become Architects ! 

At end of year after violent conflict between partizans for French 
& Britons thro' United States to get President & Vice President it is 
confidently afiirmed that Adams an aristocratic Lawyer in favor of 
British Dignities manners & Government will be President— And Jeffer- 
son late Gov. of Virginia a firm supporter of the Rights of Man & ad- 
mirer of the French Revolution will be Vice President, which I hope 
will introduce him to be finally President & prevent a threatened War 
with France that gave no powder to choose President & form of 
Governt ! ! ! 

January, 1797. 

1 Extreme cold, grand Sleying. 

2 Finished Anacharsis. 

4 Colder than cold freezes close to the fire. 

5 Went Boston my horse & Sley with Jem Fadden. 

8 Sundry Land Jobbers or Speculators abscond about beginning of 
the year cannot reallize Georgia Lands, Judges, Priests, Lawyers, &c. 



146 THE AMES DIABY. [Oct. 

By dry season succeeded by frost & uncommonly severe Winter 
there is great difficulty to get Water many Wells have been dry ever 
since September to this 8th January 1797. My Pump afforded Water 
enough till about a Week past & being neglected is froze up solid so 
that We use Water of the Well or spring at the bottom of my pasture 
which runs a pure constant stream out of the gravel into the middle 
Ditch thro' my Meadow: And is now excellent tasted & better for wash- 
ing than any other Water, and far cleaner than in Summer and by a 
little labor might be accommodated to be a pure source of the best 
water at all times when the Meadows :ire not flooded. 

Calvin Whiting's Aqueduct bro't almost to the Gaol, incomplete as 
it is proves very beneficial to some people; but if at this scarce Season 
for Water it had been completed & brought along through the Town, 
he would have been considered a public Benefactor ! ! ! Above 70 
Cattle are watered at it every day. 

Colder than ever known. 

9 Colder yet. 

12 ISToah made my Surtout too small. 
18 Knower sent Wrapper. 

20 p"!. Knower making Surtout & Wrapper 27 0. 

29 Betsey Shuttle worth married to Koadiah Bissell of Windsor by 
T. Thacher. 

36 Betsey went off to Connecticut with her husband & clear'd the 
house. 

It is hoped that marrying will cure the savage roving restless ex- 
travagant disposition of a once fond Child that promised consolation to 
declining life that founded its fleeting defeated hopes upon her, till it 
found her mind dissipated & affections alienated. 

FeBRUAPvY. 

3 My Pump thaw'd with great trouble so as to go again but fear the 
ice split it, as it now leaks. 

20 Addled with do nothings I can make no progress in recording 
Judgments of Court ! 

25 Gross trespass in Night break windows. 

27 Flights of Snow that disappoint S. S. waiting for snow to get to 
Vermont. 

28 By Act of this Session, Gierke of C. P. to be Clerks of S. I. C. in 
each County under control & appointment of Judges of S. I. C to give 
bond of 1 to 500 $ to State Treasurer & oath before oldest Justice' of 
S. T. C. 

March. 

7 After appearance of returning Spring comes a Second Winter 
more tedious and distressing than in its proper season. 

26 Fisher Whiting died. David Daman's child died. 

27 Furious S. rain drives thro' the Windows. 

April. 

2 Mons"". Ruelle sent me in French excellent address of the French 
Nation to the People of England. 

7 Jem took 1 good large^Pear trees out of my wood lot & set E. side 
Garden. 

10 Deposited in Jere Shuttleworth's hands 6 doll' to pay Ch'^ Rent. 

13 Cold as January. Ground cover'd with Snow. 

18 Jas. Hosmer esq. Sheriff of Middlesex here return writ I. Gay. 

20 M'". Ruelle & other French here. 

22 Capt. Stow fixed Desk in Clerk's office Court house. 

(To he continued.) 



1896. 



HOMESTEAD OF THOMAS WIGHT, 



147 



HOMESTEAD OF THOMAS WIGHT. 

1637-1652. 

Thomas Wight was admitted an inhabitant of the Town 
of Dedham, on July 18, 1637, and signed the Covenant. He 
received a grant of twelve acres, situated in what is now the 
Upper Village, as will be seen by the plan here given. It reads 
as follows : 

Thomas Wight, twelue Acres more or 
y^^ [/ r^^^^~^t^^^ lesse made vp good by an in large"^* Rune 
1 1 // y^y^^'^^ ^" amongst y*^ Rockes & for woode & timb'^' 
11// XX as it lyeth y^ one side by the highwaye 

leading into Rockes for y^ most p* & John 
Luson from that waye vpon a lyne South- 
west vnto y® brooke that compasseth He 
Wight & soe by that Brooke as that side ly- 
eth next John Luson towards the North. 
And the other side lyeth by Anthony ffisher 
throughout w"^ a ce^'teyne pcell of grounde 
for a situacon of a house a yeard Roome & 
ease™* of water by the Brooke w*^^ in the 
said Antho: fhshers lyne as by the marks & 
dooles appeth The one head abutteth vpon 
the Waest towards the East & the other 
vpon John Lusons Rocks towards y® west, 
The high waye leading towards the Ragged 
playne Rung through the same. 

''This is the ground on which he built 
a house and which has continued in 
the possession of his descendants to the 
present time, being now owned in com- 
mon by the children of the late Eben- 
ezer Wight. The house stood at the foot 
of a little rise of land on the margin of 
plain, on the northwest of the brook and but little distance from 
it. The one first erected was of slender material and thatched. 
The framed house which succeeded this, after remaining nearly 
two centuries was recently taken down. To preserve the remem- 
brance of this spot — where was the family heartli two hundred 
years — the home of six successive generations — I have this year 
(1840) planted on it an elm tree. To the pilgrim who, in some 
future day tracing his descent from Thomas Wight, shall come 
up to this spot in homage to the memory of his ancestors, to him 
I say, ' Put off thy shoes from off thy feet, the place whereon thou 
standest is holy ground.' " ( Wight Family,, Boston, 1848, p. 9.) 




148 PABTBIDGE FAMILY. [Oct. 

In 1652, he sold the laud to Henry and John Wight, his sons, 
and removed to Medfield. All of his family accompanied him, 
excepting Henry, "who remained on the paternal estate in Ded- 
ham." The part of the estate on which the house stood, is still 
in possession of a descendant, Mr. C. F. Wight, of New York. 
The frontispiece follows a photograph of the site taken by Mr. 
J. F. Guild, of Dedham, on October 1, 1896. 



REVELATIONS OF GENEALOGY. 
By Eev. Lyman Partridge, of Dedham. 

{Continued from iJage IQQ.) 

J/c»6'es, the youngest son of Benoni, and my great-grandfather, 
was born Aug. 28, 1733. He was a soldier in the French and 
Indian Wars, and in the Hevolutionary War. He married Sept. 
9, 1755, Rachel, daughter of Ziba Thayer, of Uxbridge. His 
house was on Partridge Street. The place of the cellar can still 
be seen. He and his wife became Christians during the great 
revival at West Medway in 1785. Neighborhood meetings were 
then held at their house. (See Almanac Diary of Dr. Aaron 
Wight.) In 1801 he sold his farm to his son Simeon and his 
nephew Elijah, and removed to Upton, where two of his 
daughters were residing. He died Oct. 6, 1804. Mrs. Par- 
tridge died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Childs, then 
residing in Foxboro, Sept. 6, 1812. (Town Records.) 

Freelove., the eldest daughter, born Feb. 11, 1757, married 
June 29, 1778, David Pike. They settled in Rockingham, Vt. 
She died in a few years, leaving two sons, Martin and Luther. 
The latter came to Medway after the death of his mother, and 
resided with his grandfather, Moses Partridge, and afterwards 
with an aunt in Upton, where he died in 1863. His son, the late 
Brigham Pike of Upton, told me that his grandfather went with 
the other son to New York state. There was then little letter 
writing. Nothing was ever heard of them. 

Beulali^ born July 5, 1762 ; married 1st Lieut. Elias Hay- 
ward, Dec. 8, 1782. He was a young man of ability and an 
officer in the Revolutionary War. He died Oct. 22, 1788. A 



PABTRIDQE FAMILY. 149 

stone standing in the oldest part of the cemetery at West Med- 
way marks the grave. There was a daughter, a beautiful girl, 
who died when about seventeen. The widow married 2dly, June 
26, 1788, Daniel Fisk of Upton, where she died March, 1858, 
aged nearly ninety-six. She is said to have been beautiful even 
in extreme old age. She united with the church in West Med- 
way, in 1786, and was the last survivor of the converts of the 
great revival of 1785. 

Tahitha^ born April 30, 1765, married James Johnson, July 
5, 1781. She died soon after. 

Clarissa^ born July 14, 1775 ; married Gregory Ide, Jan. 11, 
1795. He died Aug. 6, 1798. She married, 2dly, Asa Childs, 
Oct. 23, 1799. They resided in Upton and in Foxboro, and then 
removed to Pittsburg, Penn., where their descendants reside, 
some of whom have been for many years prominent in that city. 

/Si^neon, the brother of these, and my grandfather, was born 
Feb. 28, 1760. Upon the day of the battle of Bunker Hill, he 
was hoeing corn with his father, in what was known for many 
years as "the old field," near the former residence of Benoni. 
The boy of fifteen excitedly exclaimed, " How I wish I was 
there. " " Why, what would you do ? " asked his father. The 
boy replied with greater earnestness " I would soon show those 
redcoats what I would do. " He enlisted in the army for the 
first time. Mar. 27, 1776, when but a little more than sixteen. 
He enlisted several times afterwards, during the war, for brief 
periods. (Mass. Archives ; Jameson, 218,229, etc.) When he 
was a boy his grandfather, Ziba Thayer, gave him a farm in 
Franconia, N. H. He never took possession of the property, but 
near the time of his marriage his f ather, " in consideration of 
love and goodwill" (Reg. CLVIII 102) gave him one-half of 
his land in Medway. He married Jerusha White of Franklin. 
He built the house standing at the corner of Winthrop and 
Partridge streets. He was a captain in the State Militia ; served 
the town as selectman ; was a well read man. He died Jan. 9, 
1832, and his widow died March 23, 1834. There were two 
children. 

Lyman, born Nov. 21, 1785. Near the time of his birth, one 



150 PABTBIDGE FAMILY. [Oct. 

of the Lyman family of Northampton, visited his parents, so this 
name was given him. He was an excellent scholar, a superior 
penman, as his manuscript books show, and excelled in athletic 
sports. He taught school in Franklin in 1803. He was for a 
short time a clerk in Boston. There he contracted yellow fever. 
He at once hastened home, riding in a stage to Medway Village, 
twenty-five miles, and then walking two miles to the house of 
his parents. He entered "the south room, " and exhausted by 
his journey, threw himself upon the bed. He died Aug. 12, 
1805, after a brief sickness. This was told me by my father. 
He was standing at a window, mending a quill pen. It was 
nearly dark, when, looking up from his work, he saw his brother 
Lyman coming toward the house. That death was my father's 
first grief. It made a permanent impression. Whenever, even 
in advanced life, he spoke of his brother, tears would at once 
come to bis eyes. 

Elihu^ my father, born Sept. 28, 1787, inherited the home 
place. After leaving the public school, he pursued his studies 
under the instruction of Rev. Timothy Dickinson of Holliston. 
He was a superior scholar, and a great reader. In early life he 
taught school, and was a member of the School Committee. He 
and his father were constituent members of the Baptist Society 
of West Medway. They gave about 1500 for the first meeting 
house, erected 1823, and he was one of the building committee. 
For more than forty years he was a surveyor of land in Medway, 
and adjoining towns. He married, Nov. 7, 1810, his school- 
mate, Charlotte Wight, daughter of Dr. Aaron Wight, who died 
March 2, 1833. He married, 2dly, March 13, 1834, Maria 
Paine, daughter of Capt. William Paine, of Boston, a native of 
Wellfleet. He died Oct. 13, 1848. His widow, my mother, died 
at my home at Westminster, May 24, 1886. His farm was divided 
into lots and sold in 1850. The lot at the corner of Winthrop 
and Lovering Streets, now owned by Mrs. Anson Daniels a 
descendant of the first John Partridge, has never passed out of 
the possession of his descendants. 

We have already mentioned that three brothers, Daniel, 
Eleazer and Obadiah Adams, sons of John Adams and Deborah 



1896.J PABTRIDGE FAMILY. 151 

Partridge Adams, and grandcliildren of the first John Partridge, 
settled upon the west side of Chicken Brook, while Benoni Part- 
ridge, another grandson, had his farm upon the east side. These 
four grandchildren were neighbors, and there were no other 
families near them except those of Joseph Barber and John 
Clark. They owned a greater part of the land in that part of 
Medway. According to the map of Medway, 1713, Daniel 
Adams resided on Lovering Street, near Chicken Brook ; Eleazer 
on Adams Street, a short distance east of Summer Street ; Oba- 
diah on Adams Street, near the former residence of Cyrus 
Adams. The four cousins lived to a good old age. Benoni 
Partridge, born 1687, died 1769. Daniel Adams, born 1686, 
died Sept. 16, 1778. Eleazer, born 1687, died Sept. 15, 1775 ; 
Obadiah, born 1689, died Nov. 22, 1765 ; Each had a large 
family and owned a valued estate. The graves of Eleazar and 
Obadiah Adams, and those of their families, are in the old part 
of Evergreen Cemetery, West Medway, near the stone erected 
in memory of Gen. Eliakim Adams. 

They were acquainted with some of the first settlers of Ded- 
ham and Medfield. Joseph Barber, (b. 1768, d. 1847), whom 
some now (1895) living remember, must have known Daniel 
Adams, his near neighbor. Thus but two lives separate us from 
those who first came to Dedham and Medfield. 

Eleazer, of whom we shall again speak, was the most prom- 
inent. He served on the board of selectmen of Medway for 
eight years. (Medway Rec.) He was active in securing the 
incorporation of the West Precinct of Medway, in 1748, and was 
one of its assessors that year. (Parish Rec, West M.) His son, 
Eleazer, Jr., was also a prominent citizen of Medway. He 
served as selectman for several years. (Jameson, 54, 82.) Gen. 
Eliakim Adams, son of Eleazer, Jr., was active in military and 
town affairs. In 1870, Mrs. B. A. Benedict, one of the descend- 
ants of Eleazer Adams, possessing that love for civil and relig- 
ious liberty that characterized him, founded Benedict College, 
South Carolina, for the education of colored people. 



152 ■ STOUGHTONHAM BIRTHS. [Oct. 

BIETHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON). 

By William K. Mann. 

Susanna Belcher, dau. of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Dec. 3, 1764. 
Elizabeth Belcher, dau. of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Nov. 25, 1766. 
Andrew Belcher, son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Jan. 22, 1769. 
Edward Belcher, son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, Feb. 24, 1771. 
Mella Capen, dau. of Lemuel and Mary, May 17, 1767. 
Hannah Capen, dau. of Lemuel and Mary, June 24, 1771. 
Susanna Morse, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, April 7, 1759. 
Nathaniel Morse, son of Nathaniel and Susanna, July 13, 1762, 
Hannah Morse, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, March 15, 1765. 
Lucy Morse, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, Sept. 17, 1766. 
Nancy Morse, dau. of Nathaniel and Susanna, Oct. 12, 1768. 
Nathaniel Morse, son of Nathaniel and Susanna, Sept. 26, 1770. 
Spencer Drake, son of Joseph and Ruth, April 28, 1772. 
Jeremiah Bassett, son of John and Sarah, Dec. 11, 1768. 
Anna Bassett, dau. of John and Sarah, Oct. 10, 1771. 
Jesse Bassett, son of John and Sarah, March 16, 1773. 
Seth Hewins, son of Enoch and Sarah, Dec. 29, 1773. 
Lois Hewins, dau. of Doer. Elijah and Lois, Jan. 4, 1774. 
Anna Hewins, dau of Benjamin, Jr., and Anna, Oct. 14, 1773. 
Nancy Morse, dau. of Elijah and Anna, June 20, 1771. 
Bradish Billings, son of Elijah, Jr., and Hulda, Nov. 27, 1773. 
Silence Payson, dau. of Henry, Dece^. and Mary, March 20, 1772. 
Anna Capen, dau of Ezekiel and Mary, April 2, 1771. 
Susanna Capen, dau. of Ezekiel and Mary, March 14, 1773. 
David Wilkenson, son of David and Abigail, Aug. 20, 1763. 
Oliver Wilkenson, son of David and Abigail, June 24, 1765. 
Hezekiah Wilkenson, son of David and Abigail, Aug. 12, 1768. 
Molly Wilkenson, dau. of David and Abigail, June 7, 1770. 
Elijah Wilkenson, son of David and Abigail, May 10, 1772. 
Susannah Wilkenson, dau. of David and Abigail, Feb. 2, 1774. 
Bettey Bird, dau. of John and Joanna, April, 1773. 
Benjamin Rhoads, son of Benjamin and Anna, April 2, 1749. 
Anna Rhoads, dau. of Benjamin and Anna, Aug. 20, 1751. 
Jeremiah Rhoads, son of Benj. and Anna, Nov. 30, 1754. 
Mary Rhoads, dau. of Benj. and Anna, May 5, 1757. 
Elizabeth Rhoads, dau. of Benj. and Anna, Sept, 20, 1759. 
Joshua Rhoads, son of Benj. and Anna, Dec. 1, 1762. 
Hannah Gannett, dau. of Benj, and Mary, Aug. 25, 1751. o. s. 
Benjamin Gannett, son of Benj. and Mary, July 4, 1754. 
Benjamin Gannett, son of Benj. and Mary, June 29, 1857. 
Joseph Gannett, son of Benj. and Mary, Sept. 26, 1759. 
Jonathan Gannett, son of Benj. and Mary, Aug. 26, 1762, 
Mary Gannett, dau. of Benj. and Mary, Nov. 25, 1765. 
Betty Gannett, dau. of Benj. and Mary, Jan. 28, 1772. 



1896.] ISTOUGHTONIIAM BIRTHS. 153 

Hannah Everet, dau. of Oliver and Susanna, Aug. 11, 1774. 
Thodore Belcher, son of Jeremiah, Jr., and Anna, March 15, 1774. 
Sarah Ormsbee, dau. of William and Jane, Nov. 2G, 1767. 
William Ormsbee, son of William and Jane, Aug. 22, 1769. 
Asa Clark, son of Ichabod and Sarah, Oct. 4, 1745. (Old Stile.) 
Prudence Clark, dau. of Asa and Prudence, July 14, 1773. 
Relief Drake, dau. of Joseph and Ruth, May 31, 1774. 
Hannah Richards, dau. of Benj. and Mary, Jan. 1, 1770. 
Luke Richards, son of Benj. and Mary, June 9, 1772. 
Lucy Richards, dau. of Benj. and Mary, June 2, 1774. 
George Holmes, son of Ebenezer and Jemima, Oct. 9, 1761. 
Luther Holmes, son of Ebenezer and Jemima, March 17, 1772. 
Richard Hixson, son of Richard, Jr., and Mary, Aug. 20, 1774. 
Levi Richards, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth, July 25, 1774. 
Rebeckah Withington, dau. of Philip and Rebeckah, April 24, 1774. 
Sinthe Carpenter, dau. of Nehemiah and Sarah, Aug. 19, 1774. 
Irene Bullard, dau. of Benj. and Judith, Jan. 21, 1771. 
Samuel Bullard, son of Benj. and Judith, Aug. 29, 1773. 
Eunice Wood, dau. of Zephaniah and Mary, March 20, 1771. 
Lewis Wood, son of Zephaniah and Mary, Aug. 14, 1773. 
Benjamin Johnson, son of Isaac and Hannah, Nov. 26, 1755. 
Ruth Johnson, dau. of Isaac and Hannah, April 14, 1757. 
Hannah Johnson, dau. of Isaac & Hannah, May 28, 1758. 
Isaac Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, March 16, 1760. 
Obed Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, April 11, 1762. 
Josiah Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, Oct. 26, 1763. 
Abigail Johnson, dau. of Isaac & Hannah, Sept. 8, 1766. 
Daniel Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, March 27, 1768. 
Mathew Johnson, son of Isaac & Hannah, February 15, 1770. 
Esther Johnson, dau. of Isaac & Hannah, Dec. 30, 1771. 
Luther Richards, son of William, Jr., & Anna, Novem. 23, 1774. 
Elijah Hawse, son of Jacob & Elizabeth, April 4, 1775. 
Ruth Fuller, dau. of Lemuel & Ruth, Sept. 13, 1774. 
Samuel Belcher, son of Clifford & Bettey, January 24, 1775. 
Elijah Allen, son of Micah & Catherine, Dec. 16, 1773. 
Benjamin Hewins, son of Benjamin, Jr., & Anna, Sept. 7, 1775. 
Sarah Swift, dau. of Joshua & Mary, Sept. 26, 1771. 
Mary Swift, dau. of Joshua & Mary, June 6, 1773. 
Hannah Swift, dau. of Joshua & Mary, April 9, 1775. 
Joel Gay, son of Solomon & Abigail, February 15, 1767. 
Daniel Gay, son of Solomon & Abigail, July 23, 1768. 
Jason Gay^ son of Solomon & Abigail, Sept. 5, 1770. 
Jeremiah Gay, son of Solomon & Abigail, February 17, 1772. 
Azubah Gay, dau. of Solomon & Abigail, February 10, 1774. 
Joseph Richards, son of Daniel Jr. & Anna, July 29, 1773. 
Nancy Richards, dau, of Daniel Jr. & Anna, Novem. 5, 1775. 
David Comings, dau. of Richard & Elizabeth, Nov. 2, 1775. 
Calvin Bird, son of John & Joanna, March 10, 1775. 



154" THE FISHER FAMILY. [Oct. 

Jeremiah Holmes, son of John Jr. & Esther, Jan. 16, 1775. 

Jemima Clark, dau. of William & Hannah, May 15, 1773. 

Abigail Clark, dau. of William & Hannah, Oct. 18, 1774. 

Olive Robbins, dau. of Josiah & Sarah, February 23, 1766. 

Molle Robbins, dau. of Josiah & Sarah, Nov. 1, 1767. 

Sarah Robbins, dau. of Josiah & Sarah, Feby. 19, 1770. 

Nathaniel Robbins, son of Josiah & Sarah, Oct. 2, 1773. 

Zephaniah & Molle Wood, son & dau. of Zephaniah & Mary, March 

16, 1776. 
Philip Hewins, son of Enoch & Sarah, Feby 12, 1776. 
Anna Hewins, dau. of Joseph Jr. & Anna, Oct. 2, 1773. 
Molle Leonard, dau. of Jacob & Molly, July 12, 1775. 
Experience Clark, dau. of Silvanus & Rachel, Jany7, 1775. 
Nancy Allen, dau. of Micah & Katherine, Feby 29, 1776. 
Joseph Pettee, son of Joseph & Abigail, Dec. 18, 1769. 
Nabbee Pettee, dau. of Joseph «& Abigail, Sept. 2, 1773. 



THE FISHER FAMILY. 

By Philip Adsit Fisher. 

of San Francisco, Cal. 
{Continued from page 119.) 
52. Jesse^, fourth son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah 
(Everett) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, July 7, 1751 ; m. May 8, 
1777, Hannah, daughter of Ebenezer and Hannah (Allen) 
Battelle, who was b. at Dedham, Dec. 25, 1753 ; purchased land 
in Princeton about 1778, or earlier, and in his father's will 
(made Feb. 7, 1777) he is called "of Princeton." Advertised in 
1778 his farm for sale, two and a half miles from the meeting 
house. He ra. 2dly, Aug. 8, 1*191, Polly Skinner of Princeton. 
He served in Boaz Moore's company at the Lexington alarm, in 
service eight days ; later joined Captain John Jones' company, 
under Col. Ephraim Doolittle, and served during the rest of the 
year, being in the Battle of Bunker Hill. Their children, born 
at Princeton, were : — 

Jesse® Fisher, son of Benjamin (31) and Sarah (Everett) Fisher, b. 
at Dedham, July 7, 1751 ; Jesse^ Fisher, son of Jeremiah (67) and Prudence 
(Crosby) Fisher, born at Needham, Jan. 17, 1741-2. These two gave me plenty 
of trouble, but now I have them correctly arranged and send another version 
of 52, Jesse Fisher, which is printed in the July number of the Register. 
After a long search for a solution, I found one in an old letter, and now am sat- 
isfied that it is substantially correct. — P. A. F. 



1896.] THE FISHER FAMILY. 155 

Jesse^, b. April 24, 1778; minister at Scotland Parish, 
Windham County, Conn. ; m. May 25, 1813, Rebecca 
Dana, of Natick ; m. 2dly, Laura Paine of Canterbury, 
Conn.; d. Sept. 29, 1836. 

Hannah^ b. Jan. 15, 1780. 

Abigail^ b. April 19, 1782. 

Ebenezer"^, b. Feb. 2, 1783. 

PoLLY^ b. March 4, 1788. 

Sarah^ b. May 28, 1790. 

Betsey^ b. Oct, 21, 1792. 

JoHN^ b. March 1, 1793. 

55. Daniel^, son of Capt. Jeremiah (32) and Deborah 
(Richards) Fisher, was b. at Dedham, Oct. 16, 1713 ; m. at Ded- 
ham, March 6, 1750, Elizabeth Weeks of Dedham. They both 
joined the Dedham Church, April 29, 1764. He inherited his 
father's homestead, and sold it March 3, 1788, to David Lyon, 
when they moved to Hinsdale, N. H., where his death is recorded 
"Nov. 23, 1799, aged 86 years," in the family Bible of one of 
his descendants; she d. there "April 24, 1780, aged 80 years." 
Their children, b. at Dedham, were : — 

Rebecca^ b. Sept. 14, 1750. 

Jeremiah^ b. March 10, 1752. 

Deborah^, b. April 11, 1754. 

Elizabeth^, b. June 24, 1756. 

Ebenezer'', b. Jan. 23, 1761 ; d. at Hinsdale, N. H., May 

12, 1823, aged 60-4." 
Nathaniel'^, b. June 26, 1763. 
William^ b. March 28, 1765; died at Hinsdale, "Oct. 

28, 1848, aged 83." 
Daniel'^, bapt. April 19, 1767; d. young. 
Abner^ b. Nov. 27, 1768 ; d. at Hinsdale, N. H., "June 

11, 1815, aged 41-3." 
Daniel"^, b. April 13, 1771. 
Jesse^, b. Jan. 19, 1773. 

56. Nathaniel^ son of Daniel, 3rd (33), and Esther 
(Fisher) Fisher, was. b. at Dedham, Feb. 15, 1718 ; m. at Ded- 
ham, May 26, 1747, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Hannah 
[ ] Clapp of Dedham, who was b. in 1726. He d. at Ded- 
ham, March 18, 1793. Their children were: — 



156 QUERY AND BEPLY, 

89. Joshua^ b. May 17, 1748; physician at Beverly. 

90. Ebenezer^, b. April 10, 1751 ; farmer at Dedham. 

91. Nathaniel^ b. May 22, 17oo ; m. Sarah Everett, April 

13, 1781. 
Elizabeth^, b. Dec. 20, 1757 : d. at 14 or 15 years of age. 

92. JoHN^ b. July 18, 1760 ; m. Chloe Smith, of Walpole. 

Some Recent Deaths. 

Everett, Nathaniel^ Hill, Dorchester, June 18. 

WiGGiN, Miss Sarah' Jane, West Everett, June 22. 

Ames, William Lewis, Nogales, Arizona, August 12. 

Stetson, Joseph, Dedham, August 12. 

Montague, William Pepperell, Washington, D. C, September 12. 



Qltery. 

5. Whose daughter was Grace Metcalf, born 1741 ; m. one Fran- 
cis Thomas, born 1745, who settled at a place they called "Monteone," 
in Frederick County, Maryland, removing to Fincastle, Va., where she 
died in 1829, and he in 1835. She was probably the daughter of 

Thomas Metcalf, wife [Edwards], and he the son of Hugh 

Thomas. There runs a family " tradition " that she was born and 
spent her girlhood on a farm near the boundary line of Pennsylvania 
and Maryland, which took the name of " Metcalf's Fields" from hav- 
ing been one of the camping places of General Braddock, and near 
where he died in July, 1G55. Be this tradition true or not, certain 
it is that Braddock camped on the farm of '' Thomas Metcalfe," situ- 
ated near Emmettsbergh, near the Penn. line, in Frederick County, 
where on his march to the relief of Fort Du Quesne (now Pittsburg) 
in 1755. This Thomas - Edwards - Metcalf clan were intermar- 
ried with the Blackburns, the Mitchells, Andersons, and other noted 
families of the south, who appear to have lost the recovering of their 
ancestry of but a little while ago. Michael Metcalf, 

Battle Creek, Mich. 



Reply. 

Eeplying to Query (page 122) as to ancestry of Joel Metcalf, I have 
to state as follows. My record shows that:— 

6. Joel, who ra. Lucy (Bradford) Gay, was youngest son of 
5. :N'athaniel [and Riith (Whiting) ] Metcalf, of Attleboro, son of 
4. Jonathan [and Hannah (Kendrick) ] Metcalf, son of 
3. Michael [and Mary (Fairbancks) ] Metcalf, son of 
2. Michael [and Mary (Gay) ] Metcalf. son 
1. Michael [and Sara EUwyn) 1 Metcalf, the Emigrant, 1637. 
It may be observed tliat there have been many Metcalf Gay inter- 
marriages,— the brother of Joel, Michael Metcalf, having married Molly 
Gay in 1775. Michael Metcalf. 



INDEX 



Abbott, 1, 2. 

Adams, 8. 13, 26, 27, 29, 54, 56, 80, 83, 

100, 103, 104, 150, 151. 
Ager, 82. 
Alden. 34, 37. 
Aldis, 5, 75. 
Aldridge, 82. 

Allen, 5, 8, 70, 71, 100, 120, 153, 154, 
Ames, 1, 3, 5. 33, m, 77, 78, 92, 115, 

123, 130, 145, 156. 
Anderson, 156. 
Andrews, 40, 58, 141, 145. 
Armsby, 117. 
Armstrong, 105. 
Atlierton, 71, 119. 
Attleborough, Mass., 8, 76, 122. 
Auburn, N. H., 49. 
Avery, 41-43, 116. 
Avery School, 41-43. 
Ayer, 82. 

Babbidge, 118. 

Bacon, 27. 

Badlam, 42. 

Baker, 8, 40, 50,76,80,108,110,122,145. 

Ballou, 105, 106. 

Barber, 76, 106, 150, 151. 

Barton, 16. 

Bassett. 152. 

Battelle, 73-75, 154, 

Bedford, Mass., 12. 

Belcher, 40, 60, 71, 120, 121, 151-153. 

Belchertown, Mass., 38. 

Bellingham, Mass., 14, 101, 108. 

Bemis, 39. 

Benedict, 151. 

Bestwick, 109. 

Beverly, 3Iass., 156. 

Billerica, 3Iass., 10, 11, 13, 14. 

Billings, 32, 38, 50, 64, 70, 71, 78, 79, 

119, 120, 152. 
Bird, 72, 120, 152, 153. 
Bisseil, 146. 
Blackburn, 156. 
Blackman, 72. 
Blake, 27, 29, 31, 32, 50, 77. 
Blanchard, 101, 107. 



Boardman, 18, 19. 

Boston, 2, .3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 14, 32, 36, 48, 

50, 51, 57-60, 63, 91-99, 104, 107, 108. 
Boston Athenaeum, 95. 
Boxboro, Mass., 51. 
Boyd, 30, 79. 
PJoyden, 27. 
Bovnton, 107. 
Bradford, 122, 156. 
Bradley, 108. 
Bradstreet, 75. 
Braintree, Mass., 48. 
Bristol Ferry, 59. 
Broad, 9, 141. 
Brockway, 144. 
Brookline, Mass., 98, 99. 
Brown University, 8, 10, 49. 
Buckminster, 95. 
Buckner, 36, 73. 
Bullard, 30, 31, 46, 55, 76, 104, 110, 

153. 
Bunker Hill, 154. 
Burdakin, 79, 81. 
Burlington, Mass., 12. 
Bussy, 33. 
Buttertield, 18. 

Calder. 33, 115. 122, 141, 145. 
Cambridge, Mass., 11, 63, 137, 141, 

142. 
Canterbury, Conn., 155. 
Canton, Mass., 38, 40, 76, 80, 106, 108. 
Capen, 70-72, 151, 152. 
Carpenter, 38, 70, 71, 153. 
Carriages, 57-60. 
Carroll. 111. 
Carver, 38, 63. 
Chamberlain, 101. 
Chandler, 60. 

Charlestown, Mass., 13, 14. 
Chester, A. H., 7, 8, 49. 
Cheever, 28, 29. 
Chickering, 5, 76. 
Cbilds, 148, 149. 
Clapp, 155. 

Clark, 1. 2, 10, 70, 71, 84, 90, 101, 120. 
Clarke, 40, 48, 136-140. 



158 



INDEX. 



Cleale, 33. 

Cleveland, 51. 

Cobb, 117. 

Coffin, 107. 

Colburn, 40, 55, 107, 108, 122. 

Collins, 50. 

Columbia Minerva, 61. 

Colwell, 145. 

Coney, 82, 120, 121. 

Cook, 119. 

Corinth, Me., 76. 

Court House, 3. 

Crane, 38, 48, 77. 

Cressey, 17, 19. 

Croft, 98, 99. 

Crombie, 9, 49. 

Crosby, 154. 

Cudworth, 18. 

Cummings, 12, 120, 153. 

Curtis, 144. 

Daly, 110. 

Damon, 42, 146. 

Dana, 155. 

Dane, 19. 

Daniels, 150. 

Danvers, Mass., 8. 

Dartmouth College, 105. 

Davenport, 37, 40, 142. 

Day, 26-29. 

Dean, 106-108, 119. 

Dedham Historical Society, 79-82. 

Dedham in the Rebellion, 19-26, 65- 

70, 111-115. 
Deering, 26. 
Denmark. 63. 
Dennis, 119. 
Derry, N. H., 8. 
Deverix, 121. 
Dexter, 31. 
Dickey, 144. 
Dickinson, 150. 
Dix, 107. 
Doolittle, 154. 
Dorchester, 3Iass., 11, 13, 33, 50, 51, 

77, 107. 
Dorr, 7. 

Dover, Mass., 7, 48. 
Dowse, 145. 
Drake, 152. 
Draper, 1-6, 50, 76, 82, 109-111, 117, 

119. 
Dukley, 58. 
Duick, 33. 
Dunbar, 39. 
Duncklee, 16. 
Dutton, 16. 
Dwight, 52. 



Edes, 91. 

Edwards, 156. 

Ellet, 1, 2. 

Ellis, 9, 27, 32, 33, 50, 55, 65, 74, 77, 

84, 102, 104-108. 
Eliot, 34. 
Elliott, 19. 
Ellwyn, 156. 
Emerson, 99. 
Endicott, 38, 39, 80, 108. 
Ernst, 57. 
Estey, 70, 119, 129. 
Everett, 18, 30 , 70, 76, 117, 120, 121, 

152, 154, 156. 
Everett, Mass., 19. 
Ewer, 64, 144. 

Eadden, 145. 

Fairbanks, 42, 50, 71, 156. 

Farley, 9. 

Farrington, 26, 82, 128. 

Fay, 107. 

Fayette, Me., 57. 

Field, 76. 

Fields, 38. 

First Church, 3. 

Fisher, 5, 8, 26, 27, 33, 35, 36, 38, 39, 

42, 43, 73-77, 108, 117, 121, 154, 156. 
Fisk, 105, 106, 148. 
Flagg, 143. 
Fletcher, 16. 
Foord. 50. 
Fosdick, 13. 
Foster, 26. 

Foxborough, 31ass., 50, 148, 149. 
Fowle, 107. 
Frairy, 84. 

Framingham, Mass., 104, 140. 
Francestown, N. H., 17, 19, 118. 
Franconia, N. H., 149. 
Franklin, 130. 
Franklin, Mass., 103, 149. 
Freeman, 92, 93, 95, 108. 
Friend, 118. 
Fuller, 39, 42, 77, 115, 118, 120, 121, 

153. 

Gage, 64, 144. 
Gannett, 152. 
Gay, 27, 28, 33, 49, 70. 77, 107, 119, 

122, 137, 153, 156. 
Gee, 144. 
Gerauld, 29. 
Gilbert, 120. 
Gloucester, Mass., 61. 
Goodhue, 19. 
Goodridge, 17, 19. 
Gould, 77. 
Goulding, 143. 



INDEX. 



159 



Grant, 26, 27. 
Green, 10, 80. 
Greenfield, N. H., 18. 
Greenleaf, 49, 50. 
Greenough, 19. 
Greenwich, B. I., 7. 
Grover, 50. 

Guild, 9, 10, 27-29, 43-47, 49, 50, 70, 
75, 82, 116, 122. 

Hagar, 143. 

Haggett, 13. 

Hall, 7, 107. 

Hancock, 26, 27. 

Hanover, N. H., 142. 

Harding, 54, 95. 

Harrington, 143. 

Harris, 140. 

Hart. 19. 

Hartford, Conn., 14, 33, 64. 

Hartshorn, 30, 32, 82. 

Hartwell, 7. 

Harvard College, 9, 90, 119. 

Harvey, 32. 

Haven, 47. 

Hawes, 27, 28, 70, 71, 119, 120, 153, 

Haynes, 60-64, 141, 142. 

Hayward, 148. 

Heaton, 27, 62. 

Herring, 37. 

Hewins, 70, 71, 120, 121, 144, 152, 153. 

Higby, 141. 

Higgins, 32. 

Higginson, 95. 

Hill, 1, 40, 79, 82. 

Hinsdale, N. H„ 155. 

Hixon, 120, 121. 

Hixson, 71, 153. 

Holbrook, 105. 

Holliston, Mass., 103, 105, 106. 

Holmes, 17, 19, 72, 108, 152, 153. 

Hopkins, 40. 

Hopkinton, 3Iass., 80. 

Horton, 38. 

Hosmer, 146. 

Houston, 16, 17. 

How, 42. 

Howard, .58, 117. 

Howe, 117, 141. 

Humphrey, 79. 

Humphreys, 107. 

Hunneweil, 140. 

Hunting, 18, 34-37. 

Huntting, 72-75. 

Hyde Park, Mass., 65. 

Ide, 149. 
Ingraham, 39. 
Irvine, 39. 



Jameson, 100, 103, 104, 149. 

Jaques, 13. 

Jeffries, 95. 

Jerred, 28, 29. 

Johnson, 13, 38, 71, 149, 153. 

Jones, 7, 27, 118, 154. 

Kay, 143. 
Keith, 104. 
Kellev, 16. 
Kendall, 12, 32. 
Kennedy, 144. 
Kennebunk, Me., 142. 
Kendrick. 156. 
Killingly, Conn., 136-139. 
Kingsbury, 28, 29, 71. 
Kissel, 80. 
Knight, 1, 6. 

Lam son, 79. 

Lathrop, 19, 65, 111. 

Lawrence, 27, 80, 103. 

Leonard, 39, 153. 

Lexington, Mass., 2, 12, 32, .38, 44, 

77, 137, 154. 
Lewis, 16-19, 33, 39, 40, 42, 116, 118. 
Lincoln, Me., 8. 
Little, 48. 
Livermore. 143. 
Locke, 107. 
Lord, 144. 
Lovell, 56, 84. 

Lowell, Mass., 19, 141, 144, 145 
Lusher, 53, 55. 
Lyman, 149. 
Lynde, 60. 

Lyndeboro, JV. H., 16, IS, 19. 
Lynn, Mass., 143, 144. 
Lyon, 155. 

Maccane, 104. 

Mack, 110. 

McMullin, 120. 

Mail Coaches, 14. 

Mann, 7, 26-33, 60-65, 70, 77, 81, 106, 

122, 140-145. 
Manning, 118. 
Mansfield, Mass., 50. 
Marblehead, 14. 
Marden, 17, 19. 
Marsh, 10. 
Martin, 18. 
Mason, 53-55, 96, 101. 
Maynard, 48. 
Medfield, Mass., 8, 52-56, 75-77, 83- 

iKl, 101-105, 117, 151. 
Meilford, Mass,. 19. 
Med way, Mass., 31, 32, 50, 55, 100- 

105, 142, 148-151. 



160 



INDEX. 



Melvin, 7, 8, 9, 49. 

Messinger, 49, 50. 

Metcalf, 27, 31, 75, 84, 117, 122, 156. 

Milford, Mass., 105, 106. 

Miller. 33, 34. 

Millis, Mass., 54, 101. 

Mills, 137. 

Milton, Mass., 37, 38, 49, 50, 108. 

Mitchell, 156. 

Montague, 48, 156. 

Moore, 40, 154. 

Morse, 70-72, 77, 82, 101, 105, 120, 

151, 152. 
Mory, 61. 
Motlev, 44. 
Miimford, 15. 
Munroe, 12. 

Nantasket, Mass., 40. 

Natick, Mass., 7, 155. 

Nason, 19. 

Nauraann, 19. 

Il^ead, 19. 

K"eaL 19. 

Neas 20. 

]S'eedham, Mass., 33, 37, 77, 117, 119, 

136-140, 154. 
Neiss, 20. 

Kew Boston, N. 11. , 17, 19. 
Newburj^port, Mass., 144. 
Newell, 9, 40, 
New Haven, Conn., 14, 15. 
New London, Conn., 58. 
Newman, 20. 
Newport, R. I., 59. 
Newton. Mass., 37, 48, 77. 
Nichols, 20. 
Nickles, 71. 
Noble, 20. 
Noon an, 20. 

Northampton, Mass., 149. 
Northfield, Mass., 55. 
Norton, Mass., 48. 
Norwood. Mass., 51, 76, 77. 
Noyes, 120. 

Ober, 20. 
O'Brien, 20. 
O'Connell, 20. 
O'f^onnor, 20. 
O'llara, 20. 
O'Keefe, 20. 
Oliiey. 3l€., 142. 
Onion, 21, 76, 122. 
O'Reilly. 20. 
Ormsbee, 152. 
Otis, 140. 
Owens, 21. 



Paddock, 60. 

Page, 21. 

Paine, 150, 155. 

Palmer, 143. 

Park, 21. 

Parker, 21, 31. 

Parks, 80. 

Partridge, 26, 51-56, 100-106, 148-151. 

Patten, 49. 

Patterson, 21. 

Paul, 42. 

Paxton, Mass., 106. 

Payson, 31, 72, 120, 152. 

Peck, 36, 74. 

Pemberton, 107. 

Perkins, 21, 142. 

Perry, 7. 

Persons, 21. 

Pettee, 153. 

Pfaff, 96. 

Phalan, 21. 

Phillips, 21, 102, 104. 

Phinney, 21. 

Phipps, 21. 

Pickford, 28, 60, 122, 140-143. 

Pierce, 21, 81. 

Pierson. 9. 

Pike, 148. 

Pillar of Liberty, 123. 

Pinney, 22. 

Pitt, 123-136. 

Plimpton, 108. 

Plymouth, Mass., 8, 39. 

Pond, 22, 27, 34, 40, 76. 

Pooler, 22, 38, 76. 

Portsmouth, N. H., 60, 64, 144. 

Postings, 22. 

Post Road, 2, 3. 

Powder Horn, 122. 

Power, 22. 

Poyen, 22. 

Pratt, 22, 39. 

Prentiss, 76, 89, 98. 

Price, 55, 82. 

Princeton, 3fass., 154. 

Providence, B. I., 2, 3, 14, 15, 61, 

122, 141. 
Puffer, 26, 27, 39. 
Purdy, 22. 
Putnam, 19. 
Putner, 22. 

Quincy, 95. 
Quinlan, 22. 

Radcliffe, 22. 
Rahlin 23. 
Raft'erty, 23. 
Ramsay, 43. 



INDEX. 



161 



Rand, 28. 

Randall, 23, 72, 118. 

Rausch, 23. 

Read, 23, 50. 

Rehoboth, Mass., 36, 38. 

Reynolds, 23. 

Rhoades, 23. 

Rhoads, 152. 

Rice, 107, 143. 

Richards. 23, 33, 34, 48, 51, 70, 71, 79, 

80, 116-121, 152, 153, 155. 
Richardson, 23, 105. 
Richmond. B. I., 48. 
Riley, 109. 
Roads, 57-60. 
Robbins, 153. 
Roberts, 23, 
Robershaw, 107. 
Robertson, 24. 
Robinson, 24. 48. 
Rocket, 27. 

Rockingham, Vt., 148. 
Rockwood, 100, 102. 
Rogers, 24. 
Ross, 24. 
Rowley, 24. 
Roxbury, Mass., 3, 7, 31-33, 51, 58. 

77, 108. 
Russell, 34, 64, 108, 118, 144, 140. 
Ryan 24. 
Ryder, 24, 108. 

Salem, Mass., 10. 

Sampson, 61. 

Sanford, 10. 

Sargent, 8. 

Savell, 71, 121. 

Schenkl, 24. 

Schneider, 24. 

Schools, 7 10, 41-43, 48-51, 106-108. 

Schoiiler, 24. 

Scituate, Mass., 39, 140. 

Scott, 24. 

Seaborn, 37, 73. 

Sewall, 58, 60. 

Seyfarth, 24. 

Shackley, 24, 

Shaffer, 24. 

Sharon, Mass., 18, 38, 51, 70, 77, 81, 

119, 151. 
Shaw, 24, 82, 95, 96. 
Shapleigh, 24. 
Shattuck, 24. 
Sheehan, 24. 
Sheffield, 103. 
Shepard, 143. 
Shephard, 24. 
Shepherd, 13. 
Sherborn, Mass., 104. 
Sheridan, 24. 25. 



Sherwin, 25. 

Shorey, 50. 

Shufeldt, 25. 

Shuttleworth, 26, 77, 140. 

Simonds, 12. 

Simpson, 25. 

Skelton, 10-14. 

Skillen, 63. 

Skinner. 38, 76, 151. 

Slafter, 7, 48, 79, 106, 123. 

Smallwood, 25. 

Smeedy, 25. 

Smith, 8, 25, 26, 30-33, 71, J 00, 101, 

136-140, 156. 
Snell, 26. 

Sons of Liberty, 123, 135. 
Soule, 26. 

Southboro, Mass., 107. 
Spear, 8. 

Spencer, Mass., 39. 
Sprague, 77. 

Springfield, Mass., 14, 15. 
Stage Coaches, 15. 
Stamp Act, 130. 
Stanton, 20. 
Stanbach, 20. 
Steele, 79. SO, 82, 83. 
Steiner, 26. 
Stetson, 156. 
Stevens. 65. 

Stimson, 5, 6, 80, 109, 110. 
Stoll, 65. 

Stone, 65, 140-145. 
Stoiighton, Mass., 18, 32, 38, 39, 70. 
Stow, 14(). 
Stowe, 10, 48. 
Stratton, 145. 
Strout, 65. 
Snlkoski, 65. 
Sullivan, 65, 66. 
Sumner, m, 71, 79. 109, 110, 120. 
Swan, 10, 42. 
Swasey. 64, 144. 
Swett, 60. 
Swift, 71, 120, 153. 

Taft, 9, 66. 

Talbot, 50, 51, m, 108. 

Tangney, 6(). 

Tarbox, 60. 

Taunton, j^/a.ss., 38, 76. 

Taylor, m, 101. 

Teeling. 6Q. 

Teisle, m. 

Temperley. 66. 

Templetoii, Mass., 7. 

Tenny, 8. 

Terry, m. 

Tewksbury, Mass., m, 67. 

Thacher, 58, 146. 



162 INDEX. 


Tliackwell, G7. 


Weeks, 69, 155. 


Thayer, 9, 99, 148, 149. 


Welch, 69. 


Thomas, 67, 156. 


Wellesley, Mass., 140. 


Thompson, 67. 


Wells, 108. 


Thorp, 118. 


Welsh, 69. 


Thurston, 48, 54. 


West, 38. 


Tibbetts, 38, 67. 


Westboro, ilfa.s.s., 48. 


Tilden, 52, 54, 56, 83, 102, 


Westminster, Mass., 150. 


Tillinghast, 67. 
Tisdale, 07. 


West Hoxbury, Mass., 109. 


VVheaton, 40. 


Titcomb, 48, 67. 


Wheelock. 105. 


Tolman, 9, 60, 64, 67, 141, 142, 144. 


Whitaker, 69. 


Tomson. 27. 


White, 16, 18, 69, 70, 73, 106, 107, 120, 


Towiie, 67. 


149. 


Tracy, 07. 


Wfiiting, 7, 26, 28, 29, 34, 42, 65, 69, 


Treadwell, 67. 


146. 156. 


Tucker, 38, 64, 67, 70, 145. 


Whitmer, 14.5. 


Tully, m. 


Whitney, 7, 69. 


Turner, QS. 


Whittemore, 16, 71, 121. 


Turnpikes, 14. 


Wickford, is". /., 10. 


Tyler, 8. 


Wigarin, 150. 




Wight, 10, 52, 69, 75, 101, 108, 148, 


Unglaube, 68. 


150. 


Uphau), 9, 68. 


Wilcox, 141, 144. 


Upton, iVrf.s.s,, 105, 106, 148. 149. 


Wilder, 8. 


Urry, 68. 


Wiley. 69. 


Uxbridge, Ma^s., 9, KU, 148. 


Wilkenson. 152. 




Williams, 80. 


Van Brunt, 68. 


Willis, 69, 97. 


Van Dorin, 68. 


V/ilraington, Mass., 13. 


Vaughn, 68. 


Wilson, 27, 37, 48, 5-1, 56, 69, 102, 




141, 145. 


Wadsworth, 37. 


Winn, 13. 


Waite, 39, 68. 


Winslow, 143. 


Wales, 98. 


Winthroj), 57, 58. 60. 


Walker, 33. 


Withington, .39, 70, 71, 121, 153. 


Wallace, 68. 


Woburn, Mass., 10-14, 55. 


Walley, 0^, 99. 


Wolley, 69. 


Walpole, J/«.s.s., 29 33, 60 64, 76, 101, 


Wood, 9, 09-71, 153. 


107, 108, 156. 


Woods, 70. 


Walsh, 68. 


Woodbury, 143. 


Walter, 68. 


Woodward, 70. 


Ward, 38, 143. 


Worcester, Mass., 9, 106, 107, 142. 


Ware, 27, 29,33, 37, 73,75. 


Worthen, 70. 


Warren, 81. 


Worth! ngton, 1, 42, 79, 81, 82, 123, 


Waters, QS. 


142. 


Watertown, Mass., 143. 


Wrentham, Mass., 7, 26-29, 33, 54, 


Weatherbee, 80. 


74, 103-106. 


AFeathers, 69. 


Wright. 104, 144. 


Weathersfield, Ft, 9. 


Wylie, 70. 


Webb, 69. 


W'yman, 13, 16. 


Webster, 69. 





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